Soil Bacterial Community
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2022 ◽  
Vol 171 ◽  
pp. 104335
Author(s):  
Filipe Pereira Matteoli ◽  
Antonio M.M. Silva ◽  
Henrique Petry Feiler ◽  
Victor L.V.P. de Araújo ◽  
Elke J.B.N. Cardoso

2022 ◽  
Vol 326 ◽  
pp. 107795
Author(s):  
Pengfei Dang ◽  
Congfeng Li ◽  
Chen Lu ◽  
Miaomiao Zhang ◽  
Tiantian Huang ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
wenjuan liu ◽  
yufeng guo ◽  
guoli chai ◽  
wenbo deng

Abstract Graphene (GR) has huge industrial and biomedical potential, and its adverse effect on soil microorganisms has been evaluated in ecotoxicological studies. These studies focus on a single exposure to GR, but repeated exposures are more likely to occur. In this study, we compared the impact of single and repeated exposures of GR on structure, abundance and function of soil bacterial community based on soil enzyme activity and high-throughput sequencing. The activities of urease and fluorescein diacetate esterase and alpha diversity demonstrate that repeated exposure to GR increase the diversity of soil bacteria. The PCoA and sample level clustering tree showed single exposure to GR after 4 days alter the soil bacterial community to some extent. During the entire incubation process, no matter what kind of exposure scenarios to GR, the majority of bacterial phylotypes remained unchanged except for Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria according to the relative abundance of phylotypes.


2022 ◽  
Vol 194 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Maria Grazia Bonomo ◽  
Luana Calabrone ◽  
Laura Scrano ◽  
Sabino Aurelio Bufo ◽  
Katia Di Tomaso ◽  
...  

AbstractThis study aimed to assess the metagenomic changes of soil bacterial community after constructing a crude oil flowline in Basilicata region, Italy. Soils identified a total of 56 taxa at the phylum level and 485 at the family level, with a different taxa distribution, especially in samples collected on 2014. Since microbiological diversity occurred in the soils collected after 2013 (the reference year), we performed a differential abundance analysis using DESeq2 by GAIA pipeline. In the forest area, 14 phyla and 126 families were differentially abundant (− 6.06 < logFC > 7.88) in 2014 compared to 2013. Nine families were differentially abundant in 2015, with logFC between − 3.16 and 4.66, while 20 families were significantly more abundant and 16 less abundant in 2016, with logFC between − 6.48 and 6.45. In the cultivated area, 33 phyla and 260 families showed differential abundance in 2014. In the next year (2015), 14 phyla were significantly more abundant and 19 less abundant, while 29 families were substantially more abundant and 139 less abundant, with fold changes ranging between − 5.67 and 4.01. In 2016, 33 phyla showed a significantly different abundance, as 14 were more abundant and 19 decreased, and 81 families showed a significantly increased amount with logFC between − 5.31 and 5.38. These results hypothesise that the analysed site is an altered soil where the development of particular bacterial groups attends to bioremediation processes, naturally occurring to restore optimal conditions.


Biology ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (12) ◽  
pp. 1329
Author(s):  
Zhi Yu ◽  
Kunnan Liang ◽  
Guihua Huang ◽  
Xianbang Wang ◽  
Mingping Lin ◽  
...  

Soil bacterial communities play crucial roles in ecosystem functions and biogeochemical cycles of fundamental elements and are sensitive to environmental changes. However, the response of soil bacterial communities to chronosequence in tropical ecosystems is still poorly understood. This study characterized the structures and co-occurrence patterns of soil bacterial communities in rhizosphere and bulk soils along a chronosequence of teak plantations and adjacent native grassland as control. Stand ages significantly shifted the structure of soil bacterial communities but had no significant impact on bacterial community diversity. Bacterial community diversity in bulk soils was significantly higher than that in rhizosphere soils. The number of nodes and edges in the bacterial co-occurrence network first increased and then decreased with the chronosequence. The number of strongly positive correlations per network was much higher than negative correlations. Available potassium, total potassium, and available phosphorus were significant factors influencing the structure of the bacterial community in bulk soils. In contrast, urease, total potassium, pH, and total phosphorus were significant factors affecting the structure of the bacterial community in the rhizosphere soils. These results indicate that available nutrients in the soil are the main drivers regulating soil bacterial community variation along a teak plantation chronosequence.


2021 ◽  
Vol 168 ◽  
pp. 104166
Author(s):  
Hugo Mota Ferreira Leite ◽  
Juliano Carlos Calonego ◽  
Ciro Antonio Rosolem ◽  
Lucas William Mendes ◽  
Leonardo Nazario de Moraes ◽  
...  

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