energy control
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2022 ◽  
Ashwin Anandakumar ◽  
Dennis Bernstein ◽  
Ankit Goel

Energy ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 122817
Yan Yan ◽  
Zhan Xu ◽  
Feng Han ◽  
Zhao Wang ◽  
Zhonghua Ni

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Haitao Yan ◽  
Yongzhi Xu

Energy control strategy is a key technology of hybrid electric vehicle, and its control effect directly affects the overall performance of the vehicle. The current control strategy has some shortcomings such as poor adaptability and poor real-time performance. Therefore, a transient energy control strategy based on terminal neural network is proposed. Firstly, based on the definition of instantaneous control strategy, the equivalent fuel consumption of power battery was calculated, and the objective function of the minimum instantaneous equivalent fuel consumption control strategy was established. Then, for solving the time-varying nonlinear equations used to control the torque output, a terminal recursive neural network calculation method using BARRIER functions is designed. The convergence characteristic is analyzed according to the activation function graph, and then the stability of the model is analyzed and the time efficiency of the error converging to zero is deduced. Using ADVISOR software, the hybrid power system model is simulated under two typical operating conditions. Simulation results show that the hybrid electric vehicle using the proposed instantaneous energy control strategy can not only ensure fuel economy but also shorten the control reaction time and effectively improve the real-time performance.

Artiom Alhazov ◽  
Rudolf Freund ◽  
Sergiu Ivanov ◽  
Sergey Verlan

AbstractCatalytic P systems are among the first variants of membrane systems ever considered in this area. This variant of systems also features some prominent computational complexity questions, and in particular the problem of using only one catalyst: is one catalyst enough to allow for generating all recursively enumerable sets of multisets? Several additional ingredients have been shown to be sufficient for obtaining even computational completeness with only one catalyst. Last year we could show that the derivation mode $$max_{objects}$$ m a x objects , where we only take those multisets of rules which affect the maximal number of objects in the underlying configuration one catalyst is sufficient for obtaining computational completeness without any other ingredients. In this paper we follow this way of research and show that one catalyst is also sufficient for obtaining computational completeness when using specific variants of derivation modes based on non-extendable multisets of rules: we only take those non-extendable multisets whose application yields the maximal number of generated objects or else those non-extendable multisets whose application yields the maximal difference in the number of objects between the newly generated configuration and the current configuration. A similar computational completeness result can even be obtained when omitting the condition of non-extendability of the applied multisets when taking the maximal difference of objects or the maximal number of generated objects. Moreover, we reconsider simple P system with energy control—both symbol and rule energy-controlled P systems equipped with these new variants of derivation modes yield computational completeness.

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