safety study
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2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Luigi Barrea ◽  
Ludovica Verde ◽  
Claudia Vetrani ◽  
Francesca Marino ◽  
Sara Aprano ◽  

Abstract Background Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet (VLCKD) is currently a promising approach for the treatment of obesity. However, little is known about the side effects since most of the studies reporting them were carried out in normal weight subjects following Ketogenic Diet for other purposes than obesity. Thus, the aims of the study were: (1) to investigate the safety of VLCKD in subjects with obesity; (2) if VLCKD-related side effects could have an impact on its efficacy. Methods In this prospective study we consecutively enrolled 106 subjects with obesity (12 males and 94 females, BMI 34.98 ± 5.43 kg/m2) that underwent to VLCKD. In all subjects we recorded side effects at the end of ketogenic phase and assessed anthropometric parameters at the baseline and at the end of ketogenic phase. In a subgroup of 25 subjects, we also assessed biochemical parameters. Results No serious side effects occurred in our population and those that did occur were clinically mild and did not lead to discontinuation of the dietary protocol as they could be easily managed by healthcare professionals or often resolved spontaneously. Nine (8.5%) subjects stopped VLCKD before the end of the protocol for the following reasons: 2 (1.9%) due to palatability and 7 (6.1%) due to excessive costs. Finally, there were no differences in terms of weight loss percentage (13.5 ± 10.9% vs 18.2 ± 8.9%; p = 0.318) in subjects that developed side effects and subjects that did not developed side effects. Conclusion Our study demonstrated that VLCKD is a promising, safe and effective therapeutic tool for people with obesity. Despite common misgivings, side effects are mild, transient and can be prevented and managed by adhering to the appropriate indications and contraindications for VLCKD, following well-organized and standardized protocols and performing adequate clinical and laboratory monitoring.

Tjalf Ziemssen ◽  
Michael Lang ◽  
Stephan Schmidt ◽  
Holger Albrecht ◽  
Luisa Klotz ◽  

Abstract Objective To evaluate the 5-year real-world benefit–risk profile of fingolimod in patients with relapsing–remitting MS (RRMS) in Germany. Methods Post-Authorization Non-interventional German sAfety study of GilEnyA (PANGAEA) is a non-interventional real-world study to prospectively assess the effectiveness and safety of fingolimod in routine clinical practice in Germany. The follow-up period comprised 5 years. Patients were included if they had been diagnosed with RRMS and had been prescribed fingolimod as part of clinical routine. There were no exclusion criteria except the contraindications for fingolimod as defined in the European label. The effectiveness and safety analysis set comprised 4032 and 4067 RRMS patients, respectively. Results At the time of the 5-year follow-up of PANGAEA, 66.57% of patients still continued fingolimod therapy. Annualized relapse rates decreased from baseline 1.5 ± 1.15 to 0.42 ± 0.734 at year 1 and 0.21 ± 0.483 at year 5, and the disability status remained stable, as demonstrated by the Expanded Disability Status Scale mean change from baseline (0.1 ± 2.51), the decrease of the Multiple Sclerosis Severity Score from 5.1 ± 2.59 at baseline to 3.9 ± 2.31 at the 60-months follow-up, and the percentage of patients with ‘no change’ in the Clinical Global Impression scale at the 60-months follow-up (78.11%). Adverse events (AE) occurring in 75.04% of patients were in line with the known safety profile of fingolimod and were mostly non-serious AE (33.62%) and non-serious adverse drug reactions (50.59%; serious AE 4.98%; serious ADR 10.82%). Conclusions PANGAEA demonstrated the sustained beneficial effectiveness and safety of fingolimod in the long-term real-world treatment of patients with RRMS.

2022 ◽  
Vol 226 (1) ◽  
pp. S651-S652
Calvin L. Ward ◽  
Katherine Vignes ◽  
Aarthi Srinivasan ◽  
Cynthia Cockerham ◽  
Hong Huang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 25 (1) ◽  
Wanatpreeya Phongsamart ◽  
Watsamon Jantarabenjakul ◽  
Sasitorn Chantaratin ◽  
Suvaporn Anugulruengkitt ◽  
Piyarat Suntarattiwong ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 119-124
Andrew Phillips ◽  
Anita Wong ◽  
Grace Chen ◽  
Jacob LaSalle ◽  
Jonathann Kuo

This One month safety study addresses any potential risks behind the use of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell extracellular vesicle isolate product (ExoFlo Direct Biologics) as a treatment for cervical and lumbar radiculopathy. Ten healthy adults were treated with ExoFlo injections for cervical radiculopathy (n=5) and lumbar radiculopathy (n=5). Follow up occurred twenty-four hours, three days, one week, three weeks and one month post injection. By the one month follow-up, the average patient improved 55% in BPI, 55.2% in QD, 25.4% in UEFS, 19.75% in ODI and 26% in LEFS. There were no complications or adverse events by the end of the study and no patient exhibited worsening radiculopathy. Patients will continue to be followed for at least six months post injection.

Corey L. Campbell ◽  
Trey K. Snell ◽  
Susi Bennett ◽  
John H. Wyckoff ◽  
Darragh Heaslip ◽  

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