congenital cytomegalovirus infection
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2022 ◽  
Vol 77 (1) ◽  
pp. 16-18
Author(s):  
Brenna L. Hughes ◽  
Rebecca G. Clifton ◽  
Dwight J. Rouse ◽  
George R. Saade ◽  
Mara J. Dinsmoor ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 58
Author(s):  
Chiara Minotti ◽  
Luca Bonadies ◽  
Nicoletta Doglioni ◽  
Elena Cuppini ◽  
Eugenio Baraldi

2022 ◽  
Vol 152 ◽  
pp. 111005
Author(s):  
Virginia Corazzi ◽  
Stavros Hatzopoulos ◽  
Chiara Bianchini ◽  
Magdalena B. Skarżyńska ◽  
Stefano Pelucchi ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (24) ◽  
pp. 5864
Author(s):  
Takumi Kido ◽  
Yuki Kyono ◽  
Shutaro Suga ◽  
Ruka Nakasone ◽  
Shinya Abe ◽  
...  

For symptomatic congenital cytomegalovirus infections (CCMVI), the usefulness of changes in viral load during valganciclovir (VGCV) treatment for the prediction of hearing dysfunction (HD) is unclear. To determine the utility of viral load change in the whole blood or urine for the prediction of HD, we performed a retrospective study to compare viral load changes during VGCV treatment between CCMVI infants with (n = 12) or without (n = 8) HD at six months of corrected age, whose blood and urine viral loads were measured continuously for eight weeks from April 2009 to December 2019. There was no significant difference in the changes in both the blood and urine viral loads after the initiation of VGCV treatment between CCMVI infants between the groups. Moreover, this negative result was maintained in the analysis for each six weeks or six months treatment period. In conclusion, the change in viral load during antiviral therapy is not useful for the prediction of HD at six months of corrected age in symptomatic CCMVI.


2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Masayuki Kobayashi ◽  
Aya Okahashi ◽  
Kotoba Okuyama ◽  
Naomi Hiraishi ◽  
Ichiro Morioka

Abstract Background The best approach to reduce congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMVi) is to practice behaviors that reduce cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission during pregnancy. Expanding awareness and knowledge of CMV is expected to result in increased practice of preventative behaviors. To this end, it is necessary to understand current awareness and knowledge of CMV. Methods This web-based cross-sectional survey assessed the awareness and knowledge of cCMVi among pregnant women and the general public in Japan. Participants aged 20–45 years (pregnant and non-pregnant women, and men) were identified from a consumer panel. Study outcomes (all participants) included awareness of cCMVi and other congenital conditions. Among those aware of cCMVi, outcomes included knowledge of CMV transmission routes, long-term outcomes of cCMVi, and behaviors to prevent CMV transmission during pregnancy. Outcomes limited to pregnant women included the practice of preventative behaviors and opinion on how easy it is to implement these behaviors. The data of the pregnant group (pregnant at the time of the survey) were compared with those of the general group (non-pregnant women and men). Results There were 535 participants in the pregnant group and 571 in the general group. Awareness of cCMVi was generally low (pregnant, 16.1%; general, 10.2%). Pregnant participants were significantly more aware of most congenital conditions than those in the general group, including cCMVi (P = 0.004). Knowledge about CMV/cCMVi was limited; there were no significant differences between the two groups for 24 of the 26 knowledge questions. A small proportion (one third or less) of pregnant women practiced behaviors to prevent the transmission of CMV, though most (73.3–95.3%) pregnant women who were aware of cCMVi considered such behaviors easy to implement. Conclusions Awareness and knowledge of CMV/cCMVi is low among pregnant women in Japan; the level of knowledge is similar to that among the general public. This needs to be improved. Most pregnant women considered behaviors to prevent CMV transmission easy to perform, which indicates that effectively educating pregnant women regarding the long-term outcomes of cCMVi, CMV transmission routes, and preventative behaviors will contribute to a reduced incidence of cCMVi. Trial registration UMIN Clinical Trials Registry, UMIN000041260.


Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (44) ◽  
pp. e27589
Author(s):  
Aya Okahashi ◽  
Masayuki Kobayashi ◽  
Kotoba Okuyama ◽  
Naomi Hiraishi ◽  
Ichiro Morioka

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