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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Sangluo Sun ◽  
Xiaowei Ge ◽  
Xiaowei Wen ◽  
Fernando Barrio ◽  
Ying Zhu ◽  

Social networks are widely used as a fast and ubiquitous information-sharing medium. The mass spread of food rumours has seriously invaded public’s healthy life and impacted food production. It can be argued that the government, companies, and the media have the responsibility to send true anti-rumour messages to reduce panic, and the risks involved in different forms of communication to the public have not been properly assessed. The manuscript develops an empirical analysis model from 683 food anti-rumour cases and 7,967 data of the users with top comments to test the influence of the strength of rumour/anti-rumour on rumour control. Furthermore, dividing the users into three categories, Leaders, Chatters, and General Public, and study the influence of human characteristics on the relationship between the strength of rumour/anti-rumour and rumour control by considering the different human characteristics as moderator variables. The results showed that anti-rumours have a significant positive impact on the control of rumours; the ambiguity of rumours has a significant negative impact on the Positive Comment Index (PCI) in rumour control. Further, the Leaders increased the overall level of PCI, but negatively adjusted the relationship between evidence and PCI; the Chatters and the General Public reduced the overall level of PCI, and Chatters weakened the relationship between the specific type of anti-rumour form and PCI while the General Public enhanced the relationship between the specific type of anti-rumour form and PCI. In the long run, the role of Leaders needs to be further improved, and the importance of the General Public is growing in the food rumour control process.

2022 ◽  
Vol 68 (No. 1) ◽  
pp. 26-34
Daniel Halaj ◽  
Klara Báliková ◽  
Yvonne Brodrechtová

This paper deals with the comparison of the general public perception and the opinion of state forest managers on image of the state forest enterprise. The research was organised during the period 2015–2019. One group of respondents involved all managers of 23 sub-enterprises of state forest enterprise Lesy SR. The other group consisted of 384 respondents representing the general public residing in the Banská Bystrica region. Structured questionnaire with one open and 16 closed questions was applied for data collection with a help of electronic means. Collected data were processed with descriptive (particularly frequency analysis) and two-dimensional statistical methods. The results of the image inquiry aimed at three issues: (i) perceptions of the forest management effectiveness of the state versus non-state forest enterprises, (ii) perception of marketing strategy and its tools of the state forest enterprise, and (iii) comparison between public awareness/experience with public relations activities of the state forest enterprise.

Patience Mwesigye ◽  
Baljot Sekhon ◽  
Amit Punni ◽  
Gemma McDonnell ◽  
Omar Salman ◽  

Abstract Background The COVID-19 pandemic and its associated morbidity, mortality, and economic disruption has reignited interest in simple protective and preventive measures. Aims The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of hand hygiene in a sample of medical students in Ireland and members of the public to evaluate these within the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. We also explored any differences between the two groups. Methods A 35-question survey was formulated and circulated to potential participants comprising Irish medical students and members of the public. The data was analysed using Microsoft Excel with P-values being calculated using chi-squared goodness-of-fit analysis. Results There were 356 responses to the survey, categorised into medical students and general public populations. Incomplete surveys were removed leaving 303 responses. There was no statistical difference between the groups for attitudes and self-reported practices towards hand hygiene. Statistical differences were found between the two groups in terms of knowledge. Conclusions The study showed that medical students and the public had a good knowledge base and positive attitude in regards to hand hygiene. Both groups displayed consensus that the practices are essential, especially within the current pandemic context. However, larger studies, involving multiple universities and a larger portion of the public, may be useful to ascertain whether there is a true difference in the KAP between healthcare students and the general public.

2022 ◽  
Maria Bostenaru Dan ◽  

Carol Cortobius was an architect trained in Germany, with an initial practice at Otto Wagner in Vienna, who worked for the Hungarian community in Bucharest building churches. An introduction on the catholic Hungarian community in Bucharest will be given. Dănuț Doboș in a monograph of one catholic church in Bucharest offers an overview of all his works. For the three catholic churches on which he intervened (two built, one restored, but altered now) there are monographs showing archive images not available for the general public. Apart of the catholic churches (two of the Hungarian community) he also built the baptist seminar. Particularly the first built church, Saint Elena, is interesting as an early example of Art Deco and will be analysed in the context of the Secession in Vienna and Budapest, which will be introduced. With help of historic maps the places of the works were identified. Many of them do not exist today anymore because of demolitions either to build new streets or those of the Ceaușescu period (ex. the opereta theatre, a former pharmacy). Images of these were looked for in groups dedicated to he disappeared Uranus neighbourhood The paper will show where these were located. Some of the common buildings have an interesting history, such as the first chocolate factory. Another interesting early Art deco building is the pelican house. There are common details between this and the restored church. The research will be continued with archive research in public archives when the sanitary situation will permit.

2022 ◽  
pp. 155541202110495
Dongliang Chen ◽  
Antonio Bucchiarone ◽  
Zhihan Lv

The COVID-19 problem has not gone away with the passing of the seasons. Although most countries have achieved remarkable results in fighting against epidemic diseases and controlling viruses, the general public is still far from understanding the new crown virus and lack imagination on its transmission law. Location-based games (LBGs) have been challenged during the on-going pandemic. No research has shown that LBGs can be used to help prevent COVID-19 infection. Therefore, we designed the game MeetDurian, which integrates entertainment, sports, and education. For investigating factors influencing intention to play the MeetDurian, we proposed some comparative evaluation. Data were gathered from participants who participated in capturing virtual durians and completed questionnaires about immersion into the game, workload assessment, user’s emotions, learning outcomes, and personal hygiene. These results proved the acceptability and usability of the mobile game-based MeetDurian for preventing the infection and severity of the COVID-19 pandemic.

EDIS ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 (1) ◽  
Samantha M Wisely

SARS Cov2, the virus that causes COVID-19, has been discovered in white-tailed deer. This publication provides information to the general public, hunters, and deer farmers as to what SARS CoV2 is, the evidence for COVID-19 in deer, and if people can get COVID-19 from deer.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Nada Abdelmagid ◽  
Francesco Checchi ◽  
Bayard Roberts

Abstract Background Risk communication interventions during epidemics aim to modify risk perceptions to achieve rapid shifts in population health behaviours. Exposure to frequent and often concurrent epidemics may influence how the public and health professionals perceive and respond to epidemic risks. This review aimed to systematically examine the evidence on risk perceptions of epidemic-prone diseases in countries highly vulnerable to epidemics. Methods We conducted a systematic review using PRISMA standards. We included peer-reviewed studies describing or measuring risk perceptions of epidemic-prone diseases among the general adult population or health professionals in 62 countries considered highly vulnerable to epidemics. We searched seven bibliographic databases and applied a four-stage screening and selection process, followed by quality appraisal. We conducted a narrative meta-synthesis and descriptive summary of the evidence, guided by the Social Amplification of Risk Framework. Results Fifty-six studies were eligible for the final review. They were conducted in eighteen countries and addressed thirteen epidemic-prone diseases. Forty-five studies were quantitative, six qualitative and five used mixed methods. Forty-one studies described epidemic risk perceptions in the general public and nineteen among health professionals. Perceived severity of epidemic-prone diseases appeared high across public and health professional populations. However, perceived likelihood of acquiring disease varied from low to moderate to high among the general public, and appeared consistently high amongst health professionals. Other occupational groups with high exposure to specific diseases, such as bushmeat handlers, reported even lower perceived likelihood than the general population. Among health professionals, the safety and effectiveness of the work environment and of the broader health system response influenced perceptions. Among the general population, disease severity, familiarity and controllability of diseases were influential factors. However, the evidence on how epidemic risk perceptions are formed or modified in these populations is limited. Conclusions The evidence affords some insights into patterns of epidemic risk perception and influencing factors, but inadequately explores what underlies perceptions and their variability, particularly among diseases, populations and over time. Approaches to defining and measuring epidemic risk perceptions are relatively underdeveloped. Graphical Abstract

2022 ◽  
Immani Mckenzie ◽  
Seecharran Diana ◽  
Sirpaul Jaikishun ◽  
Abdullah Ansari

Composting is a self-heating, aerobic, bio-decomposition process of organic waste that has advantages over other disposal strategies since it reduces waste volume by 40-50% and kills pathogens by the heat generated during the thermophilic phase. This process uses organic waste (food scraps, grass chipping, etc.), water, soil (for added microbes) and either incorporation of air by turning the compost (aerobic) or lack of air within the compost (anaerobic). This study is designed to comparatively assess aerobic and anaerobic composting mechanisms on the productivity rate and analyse the different variables influencing the process. Based on the results obtained the time taken to completely compost the organic materials might not always be the same, because composting time is dependent on the percentage of microorganisms, water content, temperature and C:N ratio present in the pile at the said time along with the amount of material to be composted. Finally, this study will not only help farmers but also the general public in choosing a cost-effective and environmentally friendly way of reducing organic waste from landfills and reduction of greenhouse gases in the ozone layer.

2022 ◽  
Owen Gerry Athallah

Sistem Operasi Linux diciptakan pada bulan September 1991 oleh seorang mahasiswa dari Helsinki Finlandia bernama Linus Benedict Torvalds, Pada awalnya linux hanyalah proyek hobi yang dikerjakan linus, Dia mengingkan sebuah sistem operasi yang sehandal UNIX namun dengan biaya yang murah, setelah mengumpulkan informasi dan riset yang cukup panjang Linux versi 0.01 akhirnya diluncurkan pada September 1991 kemudian pada bulan Oktober 1991 diluncurkan linux versi terbaru yaitu linux 0.02 yang sudah bisa menjalankan BASH dan GCC. Sejak itu banyak ahli yang ikut andil mengembangkan linux hingga saat ini. Linux sendiri adalah sistem operasi open source yang artinya siapa saja bisa melihat kode asli dari linux tanpa membayar atau membeli lisensi dari linux, tidak hanya melihat semua orang juga dapat mengubah, menambah, dan mengembangkan linux dengan gratis.Linux juga dapat beroperasi di komputer dengan spesifikasi yang rendah, linux hanya membutuhkan 8 mb RAM dan prosesor intel 386 DX dan 85 mb harddisk untuk beroperasi, bahkan dalam kebutuhan khusus linux dapat berjalan tanpa harddisk dan hanya menggunakan disket.Semua software di Linux juga gratis karena dibawah lisensi dari GNU General Public License dan tidak hanya gratis anda juga bisa memodifikasi dan mengembangkan software tersebut.Tidak hanya menjadi sistem operasi biasa, linux juga bisa menjadi server pada sebuah jaringan karena karakter sistem operasi linux yang ringan, aman, tidak mengalami defregmentasi dan jarang update sehingga tidak mengganggu kinerja dari server tersebut.Pengertian Server secara singkat adalah sebuah perangkat dalam sebuah jaringan komputer dan internet. Server bertugas menyimpan data-data dan informasi yang nantinya akan digunakan ketika user

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