a prospective study
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2022 ◽  
Vol 76 ◽  
pp. 102075
Claudine M. Samanic ◽  
Yiyang Yue ◽  
David J. Cote ◽  
Meir J. Stampfer ◽  
Molin Wang ◽  

Oral Oncology ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 125 ◽  
pp. 105674
Paula Silva Ferreira ◽  
Lilian Rocha ◽  
Ana Patricia Carneiro Bezerra ◽  
Marcello Menta Simonsen Nico ◽  
Silvia Vanessa Lourenço

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 83-88
Kubra Sarici ◽  
Alison Martin ◽  
Alex Yuan ◽  
Jeffrey M. Goshe ◽  

AIM: To investigate the incidence, risk factors, clinical course, and outcomes of corneal epithelial defects (CED) following vitreoretinal surgery in a prospective study setting. METHODS: This was a post-hoc analysis of all participants in DISCOVER intraoperative optical coherence tomography study. Subjects with CED 1d after surgery without intraoperative corneal debridement was defined as the postoperative CED group. Subjects who underwent intraoperative debridement were defined as intraoperative debridement group. Eyes were matched 2:1 with controls (eyes without postoperative CED) for comparative assessment. The primary outcomes were the incidence of CED on postoperative day one and the incidence of required intraoperative debridement. Secondary outcomes included time to defect closure, delayed healing (>2wk), visual acuity (VA) and presence of scarring at one year and cornea consult. RESULTS: This study included 856 eyes that underwent vitreoretinal surgery. Intraoperative corneal debridement was performed to 61 (7.1%) subjects and postoperative CED developed spontaneously in 94 (11.0%) subjects. Significant factors associated with postoperative CED included prolonged surgical duration (P=0.003), diabetes mellitus (P=0.04), postoperative ocular hypotension (P<0.001). Prolonged surgical duration was associated with intraoperative debridement. Delayed defect closure time (>2wk) was associated with corneal scar formation at the end of the 1y in all epithelial defect subjects (P<0.001). The overall rate of corneal scarring for all eyes undergoing vitrectomy was 1.8%. CONCLUSION: Prolonged duration of surgery is the strongest factor associated with both intraoperative debridement and spontaneous postoperative CED. Delayed defect closure is associated with a greater risk of corneal scarring at one year. The overall rate of corneal scarring following vitrectomy is low at <2%.

2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (4) ◽  
pp. 655-658
Deepika Joshi ◽  
Sourav Shristi

To determine whether patients with Age related macular degeneration (ARMD) benefit from cataract surgery in terms of best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and to assess impact of surgery on progression of ARMD.: A prospective study was carried out of patients with and without ARMD undergoing cataract surgery at our department. Patients were divided into two groups- Group A (cases) with ARMD and Group B (controls) without ARMD and other retinal pathology. BCVA of cases was recorded on day 1, day 14, 1 month and 1/month and compared to that of controls.: BCVA significantly improved but markedly less than that experienced by control eyes. No increased incidence in progression to wet form of ARMD. Cataract surgery is safe in ARMD patients with no evidence of increased complications or rates of disease advancement.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 117-123
Vivek Ahuja ◽  
Raghav Singhal ◽  
Paraag Kumar

Background: Liver diseases are a cause of worldwide morbidity .The course is usually long and has no signs before the development of late stage disease. The only indicative markers are liver enzymes, such as aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) during asymptomatic period. There is a paucity of data from our subcontinent regarding the prevalence, risk factors and etiology of asymptomatic chronically raised liver enzymes.The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence, risk factors and etiology associated with unexplained chronically raised liver transaminases in patients attending OPD in a tertiary care hospital.Methods:This was a prospective study conducted in the Department of Gastroenterology, MMIMSR, Mullana from July 2019-Dec 2020 in 50 patients who presented with chronically raised liver enzymes. Detailed comprehensive history, physical examination and investigation was done to identify etiology and risk factors associated with raised liver enzymes.Results:566 patients were screenedfor inclusion in the study. The prevalence of raised transaminases in asymptomatic patients was 9.4%. NAFLD was the most common etiology of raised liver transaminases, seen in 70 % of patients followed by Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B. Dyslipidemia was the most important risk factor associated with NAFLD.Conclusion:NAFLD should be kept in mind while dealing patients with unexplained transaminitis. Earlier detection could help halt the progression to chronic liver disease.

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