short term effects
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2022 ◽  
Vol 327 ◽  
pp. 107825
Cristina Lazcano ◽  
Noelymar Gonzalez-Maldonado ◽  
Erika H. Yao ◽  
Connie T.F. Wong ◽  
Jenna J. Merrilees ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 172 ◽  
pp. 104341
Antonio Castellano-Hinojosa ◽  
Willm Martens-Habbena ◽  
Ashely R. Smyth ◽  
Davie M. Kadyampakeni ◽  
Sarah L. Strauss

2022 ◽  
pp. 107340
Leonardo Becchetti ◽  
Gabriele Beccari ◽  
Gianluigi Conzo ◽  
Pierluigi Conzo ◽  
Davide De Santis ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-9
Muhammad Tariq Rafiq ◽  
Mohamad Shariff A. Hamid ◽  
Eliza Hafiz

Background. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is defined as a progressive disease of the synovial joints and is characterized by wear and tear of the cartilage and underlying bone. This study aimed to determine the short-term effects of the lower limb rehabilitation protocol (LLRP) on pain, stiffness, physical function, and body mass index (BMI) among knee OA participants who were overweight or obese. Methodology. A single-blinded randomized controlled trial of one-month duration was conducted at Rehmatul-Lil-Alameen Postgraduate Institute, Lahore, Pakistan. Fifty overweight or obese participants with knee OA were randomly divided into two groups by a computer-generated number. Participants in the rehabilitation protocol group (RPG) were provided with leaflets explaining the strengthening exercises of the LLRP and instruction of daily care (IDC), while the participants in the control group (CG) were provided with leaflets explaining the IDC only for a duration of four weeks. The primary outcome measures were the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) scores for pain, stiffness, and physical function. The secondary outcome measures were BMI, exercise adherence, and patients’ satisfaction assessed by using the numeric rating scale ranging from 0 to 10. The paired-sample t-test was used to analyze the differences within groups from baseline to posttest evaluations. The analysis of variance 2 × 2 factor was used to analyze the differences in BMI, knee pain, stiffness, and physical function between the groups. Results. Participants in the RPG and CG reported a statistically significant reduction in knee pain and stiffness ( p ≤ 0.05 ) within the group. The reduction in the scores of knee pain was higher in participants in the RPG than that in participants in the CG ( p = 0.001 ). Additionally, participants in the RPG reported greater satisfaction ( p = 0.001 ) and higher self-reported exercise adherence ( p = 0.010 ) and coordinator-reported exercise adherence ( p = 0.046 ) than the participants in the CG. Conclusion. Short-term effects of the LLRP appear to reduce knee pain and stiffness only, but not physical function and BMI.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (24) ◽  
pp. 5946
Lirios Dueñas ◽  
Marta Aguilar-Rodríguez ◽  
Lennard Voogt ◽  
Enrique Lluch ◽  
Filip Struyf ◽  

The current systematic review aimed to compare the effect of injury-focused (specific) exercises versus more general (non-specific) exercises on pain in patients with chronic neck or shoulder pain. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science. Two reviewers screened and selected studies, extracted outcomes, assessed risk of bias, and rated the quality of evidence. A total of nine eligible studies, represented in 13 articles, were identified, with a considerable risk of bias. One article investigated the acute effect of single bouts of exercise on pain and reported an immediate pain reduction after non-specific exercise. Regarding short-term effects, seven out of the nine studies found no differences in pain between interventions, with inconsistent results among two other studies. Concerning the long-term effects, while pain reduction seems to be favored by specific exercises (two out of four articles), the best format is still unclear. Based on the acute effects, a single bout of non-specific exercise seems to be a better option for pain-relief for patients with chronic neck or shoulder pain. For short-term effects, there are no differences in pain between specific and non-specific exercises. Regarding long-term effects, specific exercises seem to be the best option. Nevertheless, more studies are warranted.

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