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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Malin Lindell Pettersson ◽  
Marie Bladh ◽  
Elizabeth Nedstrand ◽  
Agneta Skoog Svanberg ◽  
Claudia Lampic ◽  

Abstract Background Advanced maternal age, single status and use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) are increasing in mothers in high-income countries, and all are known risk factors for negative obstetric outcomes. Less is known about their long-term consequences for childhood morbidity. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate morbidity up to five years of age, in the children of older, single, and/or ART-treated mothers. Methods A cross-sectional using Swedish registers was performed comprising 23 772 children. The prevalence of diagnosis and the number of hospital visits for specialist care, were compared and analyzed in relation to maternal age at childbirth, maternal civil status, and mode of conception. The odds ratio for specialized care within each ICD-chapter were estimated using single and multiple logistic regression. Results Children born to single mothers and children conceived using ART had significantly more outpatient visits for specialist care and significantly more diagnoses compared to children with married/cohabiting mothers, and spontaneously conceived children. Children born to mothers of advanced maternal age (≥40) had fewer in- and outpatient visits. However, they were significantly more often diagnosed within ICD-chapters XVI, XVII i.e., they experienced more morbidity in the neonatal period. Conclusion The results indicate that children born to single mothers and children of ART-treated mothers have a higher morbidity and consume more specialist care than children of married/cohabiting and spontaneously pregnant mothers. We conclude that the use of ART, maternal single status and advanced maternal age are risk factors of importance to consider in pediatric care and when counseling women who are considering ART treatment.

Elvira L. Vos ◽  
Jessica S. Cho ◽  
Joseph Schmeltz ◽  
Nick Teri ◽  
Ethel B. Law ◽  

2021 ◽  
Jove Graham ◽  
Tonia Novosat ◽  
Haiyan Sun ◽  
Brian J. Piper ◽  
Joseph A. Boscarino ◽  

Abstract BackgroundOsteoarthritis (OA) is a complex disease, and prior studies have documented the health and economic burdens of patients with OA compared to those without OA. Our goal was to use two strategies to further stratify OA patients based on both pain and treatment intensity to examine healthcare utilization and costs using electronic records from 2001-2018 at a large integrated health system. Methods Adult patients with ≥1 pain numerical rating score (NRS) and diagnosis of OA were included. Pain episodes of ≥90 days were defined as mild (0-3), moderate (4-6) or severe (7-10) based on initial NRS. Patients were initially classified as mild and moved to moderate-severe OA if any of eight treatment-based criteria were met. Outpatient visits (OP), emergency department visits (ED), inpatient days, and healthcare costs (both all-cause and OA-specific) were compared among pain levels and OA severity levels as frequencies and per-member-per-year rates, using generalized linear regression models adjusting for age, sex and body mass index, with contrasts of p<0.05 considered significant. ResultsWe identified 127,656 patients, 92,576 with pain scores. Moderate and severe pain were associated with significantly higher rates of OA-related utilization and costs, and all-cause ED visits and pharmacy costs. Moderate-severe OA patients had significantly higher OA-related utilization and costs, and all-cause OP, ED and pharmacy costs. ConclusionsPain and treatment intensity were both strongly associated with OA-related resource utilization but not consistently with all-cause utilization. With better understanding of how OA patients intensify services, thus increasing costs, we can deploy targeted preventative strategies aimed at halting progression into more costly phases of the disease.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
pp. 620
Galih Indra Permana ◽  
Muhammad Faris ◽  
Eko Agus Subagio ◽  
Abdul Hafid Bajamal

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic represents a once in a century challenge to human health care with over 4.5 million cases and over 300,000 deaths thus far. Surgical practice has been significantly impacted with all specialties writing guidelines for how to manage during this crisis. This study reported the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the neurosurgical practice, especially neurospine, in the outpatient visit, emergency department, and the surgical procedure. Methods: This study is the comparative retrospective about neurospine practice in the outpatient visit, emergency department, and the surgical procedure among before and during COVID-19 pandemic. We recorded data from January to December 2019 (before COVID-19 pandemic) and compared with the same period in the 2020 (during a COVID-19 pandemic). Results: A total of the outpatient visits, the average number per month was 28 ± 10.5 visits per month before the pandemic. The average number outpatient visit per month during the pandemic was 19 ± 11.1 visits per month, with the lowest in July 2020. The result of the average monthly neurospine surgical procedure before the pandemic was 5 ± 1.9 operations per month. Compared during the pandemic, there was decreased in the neurospine surgical procedure with the average number was 2 ± 2.7 operations per month. The decreased number significantly happens in the surgical procedure and emergency department patient (P < 0.05), while in the outpatient visit, the decreased statistically not significantly (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic changed all scopes of medical practice and training. Considering the limitation in the available resources, the number of educational cases may decrease in subspecialized disciplines such as neurospine neurosurgery. The COVID-19 pandemic affects in the neurospine and neurosurgery treatment policy in the referral tertiary hospital.

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