unimolecular decomposition
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Mike J. Newland ◽  
Camille Mouchel-Vallon ◽  
Richard Valorso ◽  
Bernard Aumont ◽  
Luc Vereecken ◽  

Abstract. Reaction with ozone is an important atmospheric removal process for alkenes. The ozonolysis reaction produces carbonyls, and carbonyl oxides (Criegee intermediates, CI), which can rapidly decompose to yield a range of closed shell and radical products, including OH radicals. Consequently, it is essential to accurately represent the complex chemistry of Criegee intermediates in atmospheric models in order to fully understand the impact of alkene ozonolysis on atmospheric composition. A mechanism construction protocol is presented which is suitable for use in automatic mechanism generation. The protocol defines the critical parameters for describing the chemistry following the initial reaction, namely: the primary carbonyl / CI yields from the primary ozonide fragmentation; the amount of stabilisation of the excited CI (CI*); the unimolecular decomposition pathways, rates and products of the CI; the bimolecular rates and products of atmospherically important reactions of the stabilised CI (SCI). This analysis implicitly predicts the yield of OH from the alkene-ozone reaction. A comprehensive database of experimental OH, SCI and carbonyl yields has been collated using reported values in the literature and used to assess the reliability of the protocol. The protocol provides estimates OH, SCI and carbonyl yields with a root mean square error of 0.13 and 0.12 and 0.14, respectively. Areas where new experimental and theoretical data would improve the protocol and its assessment are identified and discussed.

2021 ◽  
Vol 119 (1) ◽  
pp. e2111938119
Cheng Zhu ◽  
N. Fabian Kleimeier ◽  
Andrew M. Turner ◽  
Santosh K. Singh ◽  
Ryan C. Fortenberry ◽  

Geminal diols—organic molecules carrying two hydroxyl groups at the same carbon atom—have been recognized as key reactive intermediates by the physical (organic) chemistry and atmospheric science communities as fundamental transients in the aerosol cycle and in the atmospheric ozonolysis reaction sequence. Anticipating short lifetimes and their tendency to fragment to water plus the aldehyde or ketone, free geminal diols represent one of the most elusive classes of organic reactive intermediates. Here, we afford an exceptional glance into the preparation of the previously elusive methanediol [CH2(OH)2] transient—the simplest geminal diol—via energetic processing of low-temperature methanol–oxygen ices. Methanediol was identified in the gas phase upon sublimation via isomer-selective photoionization reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometry combined with isotopic substitution studies. Electronic structure calculations reveal that methanediol is formed via excited state dynamics through insertion of electronically excited atomic oxygen into a carbon–hydrogen bond of the methyl group of methanol followed by stabilization in the icy matrix. The first preparation and detection of methanediol demonstrates its gas-phase stability as supported by a significant barrier hindering unimolecular decomposition to formaldehyde and water. These findings advance our perception of the fundamental chemistry and chemical bonding of geminal diols and signify their role as an efficient sink of aldehydes and ketones in atmospheric environments eventually coupling the atmospheric chemistry of geminal diols and Criegee intermediates.

Erum Gull Naz ◽  
Manikandan Paranjothy

Abstract Thiophene is an organo-sulfur aromatic molecule present in fossil fuels and alternate fuels such as shale oils and contributes to air pollution via fuel burning. Hence, it is essential to remove thiophene and its derivatives during the refining process. In this regard, experimental and electronic structure theory studies investigating the thermal decomposition of thiophene have been reported in the literature. In the present work, high temperature thermal decomposition of thiophene was investigated using Born-Oppenheimer direct dynamics simulations. The trajectory integrations were performed on-the-fly at the density functional B3LYP/6-31+G* level of electronic structure theory to investigate the atomic level decomposition mechanisms. Simulation results show that C-S cleavage accompanied by an intramolecular proton transfer to C is the dominant initial dissociation step. Acetylene was observed as primary decomposition product and the results are in agreement with previous experimental studies.

Cory O. Rogers ◽  
Katherine S. Lockwood ◽  
Quynh L. D. Nguyen ◽  
Nicole J. Labbe

Lili Xing ◽  
Liuchao Lian ◽  
Jintao Cui ◽  
Jinglan Wang ◽  
Zhanjun Cheng ◽  

Mahmoud Jarraya ◽  
Saida Ben Yaghlane ◽  
Raimund Feifel ◽  
Roberto Linguerri ◽  
Majdi Hochlaf

The thionitroxyl radical (H2NS) isomers are characterized using advanced ab initio methodologies. Computations are done using standard and explicitly correlated coupled cluster, CASSCF and MRCI approaches in conjunction with large basis sets, extrapolated to the complete basis set (CBS) limit. The lowest electronic states of different isomers are mapped along the stretching coordinates, thereby confirming the existence of the four already known ground state structures, namely H2NS, H2SN, cis-HNSH and trans-HNSH. Also, it is shown that only the lowest electronic excited states are stable, whereas the upper electronic states may undergo unimolecular decomposition processes forming H + HNS/HSN or the HN + SH or N + H2S or S + NH2 fragments. These data allow an assignment of the deep blue glow observed after reactions between “active nitrogen” and H2S at the beginning of the XXth century. For stable species, a set of accurate structural and spectroscopic parameters are provided. Since small nitrogen-sulfur molecular species are of astrophysical relevance, this work may help for identifying the thionitroxyl radical isomers in astrophysical media and in the laboratory.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document