Flight Mass Spectrometry
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2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Cheick Oumar Guindo ◽  
Lynda Amir ◽  
Carine Couder ◽  
Michel Drancourt ◽  
Ghiles Grine

Methanogens, the archaea uniquely detoxifying fermentative hydrogen into methane in the digestive tract, are increasingly detected in pathology situations, rendering their rapid identification mandatory. We improved the experimental protocol to identify broth-cultured methanogens by matrix-assisted laser desorption time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). A database incorporating 34 reference spectra derived from 16 methanogen reference strains representative of eight species, supported further identification of 21 Methanobrevibacter smithii and 14 Methanobrevibacter oralis isolates broth-cultured from human stool and oral fluid, respectively, with scores > 2. In addition, MALDI-TOF-MS differentiated five Methanobrevibacter smithii genotypes incorporated in the study. Data here reported found MALDI-TOF-MS as a first line identification method for methanogens recovered from microbiota and clinical samples.


2021 ◽  
Vol 42 ◽  
pp. 101207
Author(s):  
Aikaterini Liangou ◽  
Antonios Tasoglou ◽  
Heinz J. Huber ◽  
Christopher Wistrom ◽  
Kevin Brody ◽  
...  

Metabolites ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 793
Author(s):  
Jiyoung Shin ◽  
Junho Yang ◽  
Eunji Cha ◽  
Hyunsuk Kim ◽  
Yoonhyeung Lee ◽  
...  

Country-of-origin violations have occurred in which some merchants have fraudulently sold cheap Japanese yellowtail (Seriola quinqueradiata) by presenting them as domestic Korean products. There are many methods for determining the origins of marine organisms, such as molecular genetic methods and isotope analysis. However, this study aimed to develop a method for determining the origins of aquatic products using metabolite analysis technology. Ten yellowtail each from Korea and Japan were analyzed by capillary electrophoresis–time of flight/mass spectrometry (CETOF/MS). Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA) results showed highly differing aspects between the Korean and Japanese samples. In the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, citric, malic, oxaloglutaric, and fumaric acids exhibited significant differences between Korean and Japanese yellowtail. Sixteen of the twenty essential amino acids analyzed as metabolites also differed significantly. All amino acids were involved in protein digestion, absorption, and metabolism. All 16 amino acid contents were higher in Japanese yellowtail than in Korean yellowtail, except for glutamine. The fasting period was found to be the biggest factor contributing to the difference in amino acid contents, in addition to environmental factors (including feeding habits). These significant differences indicated that metabolomics could be used to determine geographical origin.


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