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2022 ◽  
Vol 38 ◽  
pp. 100930
Amandine Berner ◽  
Caroline Tobler ◽  
Marie Reinmann-Assouline ◽  
Sophie Degrauwe ◽  
Matteo Coen

2022 ◽  
Vol 38 (3) ◽  
Muhammad Farhan Ali Rizvi ◽  
Syed Muhammad Arslan Yousuf ◽  
Attaullah Younas ◽  
Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig

Objectives: To compare the effectiveness of Del-Nido cardioplegia as myocardial protective agent with Saint Thomas cardioplegia in adult cardiac surgical patients. Methods: This prospective randomized study was conducted in cardiac surgery department of Bahawal Victoria hospital Bahawalpur, from October 2020 to March 2021. Eighty adult patients who underwent primary Isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or isolated Valve surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass were randomly divided into Del Nido (DN, n=40) and Saint Thomas (ST, n=40) groups. Data regarding operative and post-operative variables such as cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and aortic cross clamp (AXC) times, inotropic requirements, resumption of sinus rhythm, need for electrical defibrillation, post-operative CKMB, blood requirement and ICU stay were noted. Results: CPB and AXC times were statistically insignificantly different. Resumption of Sinus rhythm was seen significantly in more patients of DN group (95%) than in ST group (72.5%) [p-value 0.05]. Less patients of DN group (5%) were candidates of electrical defibrillation than ST group (17.5%) [p-value <0.001). Post- operative CKMB values were significantly lower in DN group as compared to ST group (30.5±22.6 IU vs 50.5±50.28 IU, p value.008). Blood transfusion was significantly lower in DN group; 50% versus 80% in ST group (p-value 0.005). Ventilation time was significantly less in DN group than ST group (165.95±48.09 minutes versus 165.95±48.09 minutes respectively, p-value 0.03). While ICU stay was also less in DN group; 5.2±0.8 days versus 6.05±1.6 days in ST group (p-value 0.003). Conclusion: Del-Nido cardioplegia is a reliable and better myocardial protective agent than Saint Thomas cardioplegia in adult cardiac surgical procedures. doi: How to cite this:Rizvi MFA, Yousuf SMA, Younas A, Baig MAR. Prospective randomized study comparing outcome of myocardial protection with Del-Nido Cardioplegia versus Saint Thomas Cardioplegia in adult cardiac surgical patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(3):---------.  doi: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Björn Müller-Edenborn ◽  
Jan Minners ◽  
Cornelius Keyl ◽  
Martin Eichenlaub ◽  
Nikolaus Jander ◽  

AbstractThromboembolism and stroke are dreaded complications in atrial fibrillation (AF). Established risk stratification models identify susceptible patients, but their discriminative properties are poor. Atrial cardiomyopathy (ACM) is associated to thromboembolism and stroke in smaller studies, but the modalities used for ACM-diagnosis (MRI and endocardial mapping) are unsuitable for widespread population screening. We aimed to investigate an ECG-based diagnosis of ACM using amplified p-wave analysis (APWA) for stratification of thromboembolic risk and cardiovascular outcome. In this case–control study, ACM-staging was performed using APWA on digital 12-lead sinus rhythm-ECGs in patients with LAA-thrombus and a propensity-score-matched control-cohort. Left atrial contractile function and thrombi were evaluated by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Outcome for MACCE including death was assessed using official registries and structured phone interviews. Left-atrial appendage [LAA]-thrombi and appropriate sinus rhythm-ECGs for ACM-staging were found in 109 of 4086 patients that were matched 1:1 to control patients without thrombus (218 patients in total). Both cohorts were comparable regarding cardiovascular risk factors, anticoagulants and CHA2DS2-VASC-score. ACM-stages 1 to 3 (equivalent to no, moderate and extensive ACM) were found in 63 (57.8%), 36 (33.0%) and 10 (9.2%) of patients without and 3 (2.8%), 23 (21.1%) and 83 (76.1%) of patients with LAA-thrombi. Atrial contractile function decreased from ACM-stages 1 to 3 (LAA-flow velocities 38 ± 16 cm/s, 31 ± 15 cm/s and 21 ± 12 cm/s; p < 0.0001), while the likelihood for LAA-thrombus increased (2.8%, 21.1% and 76.1%, p < 0.001). Multivariable analysis confirmed an independent odds ratio for LAA-thrombus of 24.6 (p < 0.001) per ACM-stage. Two-year survival free of stroke/TIA, hospitalization for heart failure, myocardial infarction or all-cause death was strongly reduced in ACM-stage 3 (53.8%) compared to no or moderate ACM (82.8% and 84.7%, respectively; p < 0.0001). Electrocardiographic diagnosis of ACM identifies patients with atrial contractile dysfunction and atrial thrombi at risk for adverse cardiovascular outcomes and death.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-4
Joshua H. Arnold ◽  
Neil Brandon

We present the case of a 61-year-old male who developed persistent hiccups concurrently with the onset of atrial fibrillation (AF). The hiccups were refractory to traditional treatment but resolved immediately upon electrical cardioversion (ECV) to normal sinus rhythm (NSR). The patient has remained in NSR and free of hiccups. The potential etiologies for hiccups are numerous and varied, and the management of persistent hiccups can be difficult. Cardiac associations including myocardial infarction and pericarditis have been described, while few cases of first-time onset of atrial fibrillation leading to hiccups have been documented. This case discusses a unique instance demonstrating a connection between hiccups and cardiac pathology and an overview of its management.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Hiroshi Kubota ◽  
Toshiya Ohtsuka ◽  
Mikio Ninomiya ◽  
Takahiro Nonaka ◽  
Motoyuki Hisagi ◽  

Abstract Background Creating a box lesion in the posterior wall of the left atrium from the epicardial side of the beating heart remains a challenge. Although a transmural lesion can be created by applying radiofrequency (RF) energy at clampable sites, it is still difficult to create a transmural lesion at unclampable sites because the inner blood flow in the unclampable free wall weakens the thermal effect on the outside. Our aim was to apply the newly developed infrared coagulator to create linear transmural lesions on the beating heart thoracoscopically to treat atrial fibrillation (AF). Case presentation A 71-year-old male was referred to our hospital with a diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and permanent atrial fibrillation. The patient was first diagnosed with atrial fibrillation 20 years before. Direct current cardioversion had been performed every few years a total of four times, but sinus rhythm restoration had always been temporary. On February 27, 2020, thoracoscopic PV isolation together with infrared roof- and bottom-line ablation to create a box lesion and left atrial appendage amputation (LAAA) were performed. The coagulator could be applied to clinical thoracoscopic surgery to successfully create a box lesion without any complication. The patient restored a regular sinus rhythm, it has been maintained for eleven months, and there have been no adverse events. Conclusions The infrared coagulator might have enough potential to create transmural lesions on the beating heart in thoracoscopic AF surgery.

2022 ◽  
Vol 54 (4) ◽  
pp. 370-372
Intisar Ahmed ◽  
Hunaina Shahab ◽  
Aamir Hameed Khan

A 77 -year-old lady with history of hypertension and Parkinson`s disease was admitted with cough and fever and diagnosed as pneumonia. On second day of admission, she started having chest pain, initial ECG was interpreted as atrial flutter. When her ECG was reviewed by a cardiologist, ECG features were found to be consistent with artifacts due to tremors. A repeat 12 leads ECG clearly demonstrated normal sinus rhythm and the patient remained completely asymptomatic throughout the hospital stay. Tremor induced artifacts can be mistaken for arrhythmias. Correct diagnosis is important, in order to avoid inappropriate treatment and unnecessary interventions.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 15
A. Lema Santos ◽  
Ana M. Aleixo ◽  
Jorge Landeiro ◽  
A Sales Luís

Circulation ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 145 (1) ◽  
pp. 84-86
Jaya Batra ◽  
Angelo Biviano ◽  
Hirad Yarmohammadi

2022 ◽  
Akiomi Yoshihisa ◽  
Soichi Kono ◽  
Takashi Kaneshiro ◽  
Yasuhiro Ichijo ◽  
Tomofumi Misaka ◽  

Abstract Although the prevalence of cognitive impairment and depression is higher in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) than in the general population, the mechanism has not been fully examined and impact of catheter ablation (CA) of AF also remains unclear. Recently, the development of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has enabled noninvasive measurements of regional cerebral blood volume and brain activity, in terms of cerebral oxyhemoglobin in the cerebral cortex. We assessed brain activities by NIRS, depressive symptoms by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and cognitive function by Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). We then compared the results between AF patients (paroxysmal AF n=18 and persistent AF n=14) and control subjects (n=29). Next, we also followed up persistent AF patients who kept sinus rhythm at 3 months after CA (n=8) and measured their brain activities using NIRS, CES-D and MMSE after CA to investigate the associations of changes in brain activities with changes in both CES-D and MMSE. Our results showed that 1) frontal and temporal brain activities were lower in patients with persistent AF than both in control subjects and paroxysmal AF patients (P<0.01), 2) frontal and temporal brain activities were improved in more than half of the persistent AF patients who kept sinus rhythm at 3 months after CA, especially in those who presented impaired brain activity before CA, and 3) improvement of frontal brain activity was associated with improvement of CES-D (R=-0.793, P=0.019), whereas improvement of temporal brain activity was associated with improvement of MMSE (R=0.749, P=0.033). NIRS measurement showed reduced frontal and temporal brain activities in the persistent AF patients, CA improved frontal and temporal brain activities in some of these patients, and associated with improvement of depressive state and/or improvement of cognitive function.

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