district heating system
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2022 ◽  
Vol 50 ◽  
pp. 101870
Alicja Siuta-Olcha ◽  
Tomasz Cholewa ◽  
Mirosław Gomółka ◽  
Piotr Kołodziej ◽  
Dorte Skaarup Østergaard ◽  

Vladimir Demchenko ◽  
Alina Konyk ◽  
Vladimir Falko

The article is devoted to topical issues related to the storage, accumulation and transportation of heat by stationary and mobile heat storage. Analysis of the current state of the district heating system indicates significant heat losses at all stages of providing the consumer with heat. The use of heat storage in heat supply systems leads to balancing the heat supply system, namely, the peak load is reduced; heat production schedules are optimized by accumulating excess energy and using it during emergency outages; heat losses caused by uneven operation of thermal equipment during heat generation are reduced; the need for primary energy and fuel consumption is reduced, as well as the amount of harmful emissions into the environment. The main focus is on mobile thermal batteries (M-TES). The use of M-TES makes it possible to build a completely new discrete heat supply system without the traditional pipeline transport of the heat carrier. The defining parameters affecting the efficiency of the M-TES are the reliability and convenience of the design, the efficiency and volume of the “working fluid”, the operating temperature of the MTA recharging and the distance of transportation from the heat source to the consumer. The article contains examples of the implementation of mobile heat accumulators in the world and in Ukraine, their technical and technological characteristics, scope and degree of efficiency. The technical indicators of the implemented project for the creation of a mobile heat accumulator located in a 20-foot container and intended for transportation by any available means of transport are given.

2021 ◽  
Vol 43 (3) ◽  
pp. 36-43
A. Sigal ◽  
D. Paderno ◽  
N.A. Nizhnik

The analysis of the district heating system of the city of Kyiv and its main operational indicators is presented. The main problems that need to be solved in the development of a new District Heating Scheme are described. The basic conceptual directions and technical decisions concerning development of system of heat supply of the city for the settlement period are resulted. As part of the development of the Heat Supply Scheme of Kyiv for the period up to 2030, a powerful heat source in the city center will be gradually converted to hydrogen fuel obtained from "green" energy by electrolysis (until the needs of ST-1 are fully met after 2030).

2021 ◽  
Vol XXVIII (4) ◽  
pp. 121-132
Corina Chelmenciuc ◽  
Constantin Borosan ◽  
Vadim Lisnic ◽  

Nowadays, both globally and in Europe, and nationally, there is a tendency to promote district heating systems to the detriment of individual ones to heat dwellings in urban areas. The need to develop the DHSs is indisputable considering the topicality of global warming, the depletion of the primary energy resources and the energy efficiency trend. This article presents the method of applying regression analysis in feasibility studies for the projects of new heat consumers connection to the district heating system (hereinafter – DHS) or previously disconnected consumers reconnection via individual heating points (hereinafter – IHP) when the necessary investments are to be borne by the DHS operator, and the thermal energy is produced in cogeneration. At the same time, it is demonstrated that there is a direct and linear correlation between fuel consumption and electricity and heat produced in cogeneration at CHP plant.

Smart Energy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
pp. 100043
Nikola Matak ◽  
Tihomir Tomić ◽  
Daniel Rolph Schneider ◽  
Goran Krajačić

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