Massive Open Online Courses
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2021 ◽  
Jillianne Code ◽  
Nick Zap ◽  
Rachel Ralph

Abstract Academic success in any context is dependent upon a student's belief in their ability to succeed. While learning online, a students’ self-efficacy is affected by their confidence in their ability to interact within the online environment. With the proliferation of personalized learning and the growth of Massive Open Online Courses, this growing trend is a shift in focus from the centralized brick-and-mortar locus of control, to one of enabling student choice and agency for how, when, and where they learn. In the pre-pandemic setting, this research study examined the personality types of students enrolled in eight sections of four online courses in educational technology, and the role self-efficacy for learning online played in their academic performance. Key findings reveal that personality affects learners’ academic achievement is moderately significant, self-efficacy for online learning affects learners’ academic achievement in a small but significant way, and student conscientiousness and academic performance were significantly and fully mediated by self-efficacy for learning online while controlling for gender and English language proficiency. There were no mediation effects with the other personality traits. A discussion around learning design strategies is provided. The authors recommend that institutions adopt more flexible learning options for teaching and learning that include both online and blended learning options that provide student’s choice and agency over the learning experience but also enable the institution to be better equipped for what the uncertain future of education holds.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
Stergios Tegos ◽  
Apostolos Mavridis ◽  
Stavros Demetriadis

While massive open online courses (MOOCs) can be effective in scaling education, orchestrating collaborative learning activities for large audiences remains a non-trivial task that introduces a series of practical challenges, such as the lack of adequate human support. Even when collaboration takes place, there is uncertainty whether meaningful interactions will occur among learners. This work presents the architecture of a prototype system called PeerTalk. The system was created to enable instructors to easily incorporate real-time collaborative learning activities into their online courses. Furthermore, PeerTalk employs a conversational agent service that aims to scaffold students’ online collaboration and provide valuable guidance, which can be configured by the course instructor. In order to investigate the user-acceptance of the system, two evaluation studies took place. The first one involved a group of experts, i.e., MOOC instructors who are expected to use such a system in their course, whereas the second study featured 44 postgraduate students. The study findings were encouraging in terms of the system efficiency and usability levels, laying the foundation for a conversational agent service, which can effectively scale the support of the teaching staff and be easily integrated in MOOC platforms, creating further opportunities for valuable social interaction among learners.

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Anne-Karen Hueske ◽  
Caroline Aggestam Pontoppidan ◽  
Lavinia-Cristina Iosif-Lazar

Purpose This study aims to explore the extent and types of E-Learning used, as method and tool, to support education for sustainable development (ESD); and to understand the coverage of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in massive open online courses (MOOCs). Design/methodology/approach The study extends the morphological box of ESD in higher education by nonformal and informal education, exploring the types of blended and online learning and adding the SDGs as a new criterion. The study subjects are Nordic UN Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME) members. Through content analysis and thematic coding of reports by higher education institutions (HEIs), different E-Learning methods are identified; furthermore, 30 MOOCs are analyzed. Findings HEIs apply a variety of blended and online learning to advance ESD for formal and nonformal education. The MOOCs offered by Nordic HEIs predominantly cover four SDGs (9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; 13: Climate Action; 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities; and 16: Peace, Justice and strong Institutions), but there is nothing on SDG 2: No Hunger. That is in line with the Nordic countries’ status as developed economies, where these topics are often framed as political and societal priorities. Practical implications The study’s results suggest that to avoid overlaps and fill gaps in ESD, the offer of open online courses should be orchestrated. Furthermore, HEIs can use our method to analyze their E-Learning courses related to SDGs. Originality/value This study shows how business schools, especially Nordic UN PRME members, contribute to the SDGs by their MOOC coverage.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 ◽  
Fisnik Dalipi ◽  
Katerina Zdravkova ◽  
Fredrik Ahlgren

In recent years, sentiment analysis (SA) has gained popularity among researchers in various domains, including the education domain. Particularly, sentiment analysis can be applied to review the course comments in massive open online courses (MOOCs), which could enable instructors to easily evaluate their courses. This article is a systematic literature review on the use of sentiment analysis for evaluating students’ feedback in MOOCs, exploring works published between January 1, 2015, and March 4, 2021. To the best of our knowledge, this systematic review is the first of its kind. We have applied a stepwise PRISMA framework to guide our search process, by searching for studies in six electronic research databases (ACM, IEEE, ScienceDirect, Springer, Scopus, and Web of Science). Our review identified 40 relevant articles out of 440 that were initially found at the first stage. From the reviewed literature, we found that the research has revolved around six areas: MOOC content evaluation, feedback contradiction detection, SA effectiveness, SA through social network posts, understanding course performance and dropouts, and MOOC design model evaluation. In the end, some recommendations are provided and areas for future research directions are identified.

2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (4) ◽  
pp. 35-57
Jinhua Chu ◽  
You-Yu Dai

Much research has focused on massive open online courses (MOOCs) but little of it has focused on university students in China who can only participate in MOOCs in their free time. To address this gap, this research adopted unified theories of acceptance and a usage of technology model, and added three new moderating variables, which are the network learning channel of MOOC, free time management, and leisure-study conflict. Seven hundred seventy-one valid questionnaires were collected from 11 universities in China. LISREL and AMOS were used to conduct confirmatory factor analysis, model fit analysis, and path coefficients analysis and to analyze the moderating roles of the three moderating factors. Most hypotheses concerning the three moderating variables were valid, indicating that the three moderating variables did exhibit some moderating effects. Some suggestions are put forward for regulating and promoting the development of MOOCs from the perspectives of government, universities, and developers of network learning platforms.

Benmedakhene Nadira ◽  
Derdour Makhlouf ◽  
Mohamed Amroune

The success of MOOC (massive open online courses) is rapidly increasing. Most educational institutions are highly interested in these online platforms, which embrace intellectual and educational objectives and provide various opportunities for lifelong learning. However, many limitations, such as learners' diversity, lack of motivation, affected learners' outcomes, which unfortunately raised the dropout rate. Thus, multiple solutions were afforded on MOOC platforms to tackle these common problems. This paper suggests a model outline of a customizable system Context-Driven Massive Open Online Courses that could be implemented in any learning environment, and that goes hand in hand with learners' context to boost their motivation towards learning, and to help identify their learning needs. The paper introduces CD-MOOC following a learner-based approach by employing two types of users' data; long-term and short-term data assembled form learners' online traces when interacting on the platform. The data help users design their own learning path based on their context and preferences.

Tarik Kisla ◽  
Senem Kumova Metin ◽  
Bahar Karaoglan ◽  
Elif Kubra Demir

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (2Pt2) ◽  
pp. 521-536
Aras Bozkurt ◽  
Serpil Koçdar ◽  
Kürşat Çağıltay ◽  
Sezin Eşfer ◽  
Berkan Çelik ◽  

Open and distance learning has evolved on the basis of openness philosophy in education and benefited from various approaches to this philosophy. Different MOOC platforms have emerged in Turkey as a reflection of these developments. The main purpose of this study is to examine MOOCs in the context of Turkish higher education. For this purpose, by adopting the qualitative embedded single case design, the Akadema, AtademiX and Bilgeİş MOOC platforms were examined. The findings indicate that MOOCs successfully serve the universal ideals such as offering equal opportunities in education, democratization of education, and liberation of knowledge in Turkey. Besides, MOOCs were found to contribute to adapting to the changes paralleling the transformations in the globalizing world and in the digital knowledge age; strengthening communication and cooperation channels between the society, industry and university; and finally, fostering social justice with an inclusive approach by increasing operational capabilities in diverse educational domains.

Wajeha Thabit Al- Ani, Aisha Salem Al- Harthi, Iman Rashid A Wajeha Thabit Al- Ani, Aisha Salem Al- Harthi, Iman Rashid A

The study aimed to investigate the readiness of higher education institutions to offer Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) from the perspective of academic leaders in the Sultanate of Oman, and suggested some alternative strategies for development. Data is collected from 38 academic leaders through semi- structured interviews. Results reveal that among the strengths is the existence of an ambitionious and strong desire to plan for the use of technology in teaching in the future, and to further improve the reputation of academic institutions to excel in online education. As for the weaknesses, there is absence of a clear policy for online education, and lack of a clear vision for the nature of MOOCs courses. The study adopts an entrepreneurial strategy, based on strengths and opportunities, and provieds a set of recommendations.

2021 ◽  

Open education expands access to learning resources, tools, and research through collaboration and connection in a flexible learning framework that removes technical, legal, and financial barriers so that learners can share and adapt content to build upon existing knowledge. The foundation of “open education” first emerged in England when the Oxford Extension Movement was established in 1878 to provide education to the general masses. Following the success of these extension centers, the US Congress passed the Smith-Lever Act in 1914 to create a system of cooperative extension services connected to land grant universities. These extension cooperatives provided courses in agriculture, administrative policy, economics, and other subjects at little or no cost. Participants were given flexibility to direct their own learning by accessing instructional materials as they needed. In the late 1960s, theories regarding the value of this self-directed learning began to transform traditional classroom practice and again, interest in open learning gained popularity. By 1969, Prime Minister Harold Wilson garnered support to establish the British Open University, which globalized education through television and radio instruction. During the 1970s, even though open learning practices were favored in K-12 schools, ongoing criticism redirected educators back to standardized teaching methods. In the 1980s, the invention of the Wide World Web (1989) led to the creation of applications and networks that could deliver web-based education. The development of online “social” networks fostered the expansion of collaborative projects such as Wikipedia (2001) and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (2001), which broadened the educational landscape to support barrier-free learning. The emergence of online participatory platforms enabled several leading academic institutions who had been using web-based applications to curate and share their learning materials. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) created the MIT Open Courseware Project (2002), which led to the creation of massive open online courses (MOOCs). As educators worked together on the development of open educational content, the Cape Town Open Education Declaration (2009) was written as a statement to promote the use of open resources and open teaching practices in education. This declaration catalyzed further emphasis of Open Educational Resources (OERs), which included freely adaptable textbooks, journals, and open data projects. To share these resources, instructional repositories such as MERLOT and the OER Commons evolved. Open repositories enable educators to find instructional materials they can adopt, adapt, and create without financial or legal constraints. In some cases, OER projects focus on a disciplinary area such as digital humanities, open science, and open courses. To protect the rights of content creators, Creative Commons licenses assist with the attribution of these resources. The expansion of the open education movement has also prompted new explorations into open educational practices (OEP) to include mobile learning, personalized learning, and other open pedagogies. In 2012, the World OER Congress published the UNESCO OER Declaration, which states that “everyone has the right to education.” This statement reflects the foundation of open education.

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