conceptual model
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2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-17
Gamal Elkoumy ◽  
Stephan A. Fahrenkrog-Petersen ◽  
Mohammadreza Fani Sani ◽  
Agnes Koschmider ◽  
Felix Mannhardt ◽  

Privacy and confidentiality are very important prerequisites for applying process mining to comply with regulations and keep company secrets. This article provides a foundation for future research on privacy-preserving and confidential process mining techniques. Main threats are identified and related to a motivation application scenario in a hospital context as well as to the current body of work on privacy and confidentiality in process mining. A newly developed conceptual model structures the discussion that existing techniques leave room for improvement. This results in a number of important research challenges that should be addressed by future process mining research.

2022 ◽  
Vol 209 ◽  
pp. 105839
Shao-Wei Wu ◽  
Chao-Yuan Lin ◽  
Ming-Yuan Sun ◽  
Shiang-Yue Lu

Geothermics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 99 ◽  
pp. 102304
Mohamed Belhai ◽  
Yasuhiro Fujimitsu ◽  
Rosa Maria Barragan-Reyes ◽  
Tatsuto Iwanaga ◽  
Mamiko Maeno ◽  

2022 ◽  
Carol A. Stein ◽  
Seth Stein ◽  
Molly M. Gallahue ◽  
Reece P. Elling

ABSTRACT Classic models proposed that continental rifting begins at hotspots—domal uplifts with associated magmatism—from which three rift arms extend. Rift arms from different hotspots link up to form new plate boundaries, along which the continent breaks up, generating a new ocean basin and leaving failed arms, termed aulacogens, within the continent. In subsequent studies, hotspots became increasingly viewed as manifestations of deeper upwellings or plumes, which were the primary cause of continental rifting. We revisited this conceptual model and found that it remains useful, though some aspects require updates based on subsequent results. First, the rift arms are often parts of boundaries of transient microplates accommodating motion between the major plates. The microplates form as continents break up, and they are ultimately incorporated into one of the major plates, leaving identifiable fossil features on land and/or offshore. Second, much of the magmatism associated with rifting is preserved either at depth, in underplated layers, or offshore. Third, many structures formed during rifting survive at the resulting passive continental margins, so study of one can yield insight into the other. Fourth, hotspots play at most a secondary role in continental breakup, because most of the associated volcanism reflects plate divergence, so three-arm junction points may not reflect localized upwelling of a deep mantle plume.

2022 ◽  
pp. 161-175
Dan H. Langerud ◽  
Peter J. Jordan ◽  
Matthew J. Xerri ◽  
Amanda Biggs

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
Yanfen Guan ◽  
Allison M. Nguyen ◽  
Samantha Wratten ◽  
Sharan Randhawa ◽  
Jessica Weaver ◽  

Abstract Purpose Endometriosis is a chronic disorder of the female reproductive system characterized by debilitating symptoms, particularly endometriosis-related pain (ERP). Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures of symptoms and impacts are required to assess disease severity in ERP clinical studies and clinical practice. A content-valid instrument was developed by modifying the Dysmenorrhea Daily Diary (DysDD) to form the Endometriosis Daily Diary (EDD), an electronic PRO administered via handheld device. Methods Qualitative research with US females with ERP was conducted in three stages: (1) Development of an endometriosis conceptual model based on qualitative literature and conduct of concept elicitation (CE) interviews (N = 30). (2) Cognitive debriefing (CD) interviews (N = 30) conducted across two rounds to assess relevance and understanding of the EDD, with modifications between interview rounds. (3) Pilot testing to assess usability/feasibility of administrating the EDD daily on an electronic handheld device (N = 15). Clinical experts provided guidance throughout the study. Results The conceptual model provided a comprehensive summary of endometriosis to inform modifications to the DysDD, forming the EDD. CD results demonstrated that EDD items were relevant for most participants. Instructions, items, response scales, and recall period were well-understood. The resulting daily diary assesses severity of cyclic and non-cyclic pelvic pain, dyspareunia, impact of ERP on functioning and daily life, symptoms associated with ERP, and bowel symptoms. Participants were able to complete the diary daily and found the device easy to use. Conclusion The EDD demonstrated good content validity in females experiencing ERP. The next step is to perform psychometric validation in an ERP sample.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 811
Mareike Winkler ◽  
Sergio Gallego-García ◽  
Manuel García-García

Historically, researchers and managers have often failed to consider organizations as a sum of functions leading to a set of capabilities that produce a product that can serve society’s needs. Furthermore, functions have increased with the development of industrial revolutions, however, many manufacturing organizations have not realized their full potential. As a result, many industrial organizations do not know why, where, and when the existing functions and projects for implementing new functions fail where tactical and strategic functions of a manufacturing organization are commonly over-seen. Thus, the aim of this research was to propose a holistic approach for manufacturing organizations in order to model their functions enabling the assessment, design, management, and control of operations and performance as well as to identify improvement potentials. For this purpose, a conceptual model was developed based on the evolution of functions along with the industrial revolutions. Moreover, using the conceptual model, manufacturing organizations can be modeled, considering common organizational functions in the respective areas of production, maintenance, and quality, etc., in the three planning horizons—strategic, tactical, and operative. As a result, the model serves as a basis for the integral management and control of manufacturing organizations. Moreover, it can be also used as a basis framework for a digital twin model for organizations. Thus, a system dynamics simulation model based on the conceptual model was developed for a generic organization. The goal of the simulation model is to provide an exemplary digital model of a manufacturing organization in which the different functions are applied with different methods, systems, and/or individuals along the development phases.

2022 ◽  
Ana Geppert ◽  
Emma M. Smith ◽  
Damian Haslett ◽  
Jennie Wong ◽  
Ikenna D. Ebuenyi ◽  

Abstract Participation in sports is a fundamental right for persons with disabilities and is facilitated by the use of specialized Assistive Technology (AT). However, little is known about the role every-day AT plays in promoting sport participation. This study explores how the 50 priority assistive products on the World Health Organization’s Assistive Products List can promote participation in sports, using a mixed-methods online survey with AT users, caregivers, and coaches (n=96). We used a thematic analysis for qualitative responses describing the use of assistive products in facilitating sport participation. Results suggest every-day assistive products are required for participation in sport for persons with disabilities. We present a conceptual model of assistive product use for sport participation. We found persons with disability participate in a range of sports, contributing to community engagement. Access to every-day assistive products is therefore integral to achieving rights of persons with disabilities for participation in sport.

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