fetal bradycardia
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2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (11) ◽  
pp. e246747
Sakviseth Bin ◽  
Rathmony Heng ◽  
Sethikar IM

The most common cause of congenital heart block (CHB) is neonatal lupus, an acquired autoimmune disease caused by transplacental transfer of maternal antibodies to the fetus. A full-term female neonate was admitted to neonatal intensive care unit for severe bradycardia with stable haemodynamics. The mother, showing no clinical symptoms or any particular history, was transferred to our tertiary centre for profound fetal bradycardia. At birth, the infant’s ECG showed a third-degree atrioventricular block and echocardiography was normal. Cardiac neonatal lupus was confirmed with positive maternal anti-Ro antibodies. Under close monitoring, the infant tolerated the bradycardia well (median 67 beats per minute (bpm)) and was discharged on day 6 of life. There was no indication for pacemaker, but she would be on regular follow-up with a paediatric cardiologist. This article holds an important insight as it is the first confirmed case of autoimmune CHB in Cambodia in which the mother’s antibody was found only after diagnosis on the neonate.

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (6) ◽  
pp. 313-317
Asma Alkhaibary ◽  
Mohannad Ali ◽  
Maha Tulbah ◽  
Maha Al-Nemer ◽  
Rubina M. Khan ◽  

BACKGROUND: Intravascular intrauterine transfusion (IUT) is considered a safe procedure, but complications still occur, including fatalities. OBJECTIVE: Review the outcomes of Rh alloimmunization, including indications and possible complications. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort (medical record review). SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrieved the records for all mothers who had an IUT for Rh alloimmunization between January 2009 and August 2019. We collected data on complications, post-transfusion hemoglobin and antibody combinations. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Complications of IUT. SAMPLE SIZE: 119 mothers with 154 fetuses (154 different pregnancies). RESULTS: The 154 fetuses had 560 intrauterine transfusions. The median pre-IUT hemoglobin was a median of 8.0 g/dL while the median post-IUT hemoglobin 16 g/dL. Immediate procedure-related complications included fetal bradycardia in 2.7%, significant bleeding from the cord puncture site (for more than 2 minutes in 0.9%), and contractions in 0.9%. Eight (5.2%) were delivered by cesarean delivery due to IUT-specific complications such as post-procedure fetal bradycardia. Intrauterine fetal death complicated 8.4% of the pregnancies (13 fetuses). Phototherapy was required in 76 (49.4%), postnatal blood transfusions in 17 (11%), and exchange transfusion in 11 (7.1%). Neonatal death occurred 8 (5.2%). Data were insufficient to assess associations of complications with antibody combinations. CONCLUSIONS: Intrauterine transfusion is an effective treatment with high survival rates (around 90% for cases of Rh alloimmunization). LIMITATIONS: Case series. CONFLICT OF INTEREST: None.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 244-253
Prof. Dr. dr. Hj. Yusrawati SpOG(K)-KFM ◽  
Nanda Tri Wahdini ◽  
Hauda El Rasyid ◽  
Muhammad Riendra

Objective : To report the diagnosis and management of congenital total AV block on VSD and PDA in pregnancy.Method : A case reportCase : A 37-year-old multiparous woman G4P3A0H2 24- 25 weeks of preterm pregnancy with fetal bradycardia, VSD, PDA with ultrasonography and CTG results was FHR 70 bpm. At 37- 38 weeks of pregnancy, termination of pregnancy was performed by cesarean delivery with preparation for complication of fetal AV block. A male baby was born with weight 2600 gram and APGAR score of 8/9. Immediate echocardiography result was situs solitus, VSD PM LR shunt, PDA LR shunt, good left ventricular function, left aortic arch and EF 74%. ECG result was sinus bradycardia, total AV block with junctional escape rhythm. Sternotomy and PPM implantation was performed by cardiothoracic surgeon three hours after the baby was born. Post PPM implantation, ECG results was HR 165 bpm and chest X- rays interpretation was cardiomegaly with plethora. Mother and baby came home in good condition on the 6th day of treatment. On the next baby’s control at 4.5 months obtained a weight of 5.4 kg with the echocardiography results was solitus, VSD PM LàR shunt, VSD muscular multiple 3 pieces LàR shunt, PDA LàR shunt, good right and left ventricular function, and left arch. The child got captopril 2x1.5 mg and planned for a 6-month repeat echocardiography.Conclusion : Congenital of total AV block on VSD and PDA is confirmed by prenatal diagnosis and preparation for comprehensive multidisciplinary management.Keywords: congenital total AV block, fetal bradycardia, fetal echocardiography, PPM, ultrasound

2021 ◽  
Vol 41 (1) ◽  
pp. 31-31
B.P. Spires ◽  
C.V. Towers

2020 ◽  
pp. 1753495X2097079
Thomas P Kishkovich ◽  
Connie F Lu ◽  
Erica J Hardy ◽  
Melissa L Russo

Background Adenovirus infection is usually mild in presentation. However during pregnancy, the course can be more severe. Case A 21-year-old woman in her second pregnancy presented with abdominal pain, vomiting, and fevers at 34 weeks and 4 days of gestation. Her respiratory pathogen panel on nasopharyngeal secretions was positive for adenovirus. Electrolytes were notable for hypomagnesaemia and persistent hypokalemia (nadir of 2.6 mmol/L) despite repletion but otherwise unremarkable. During her course, she developed rhabdomyolysis. During routine fetal monitoring at 35 weeks and 6 days of gestation, prolonged fetal bradycardia was identified, and an emergency caesarean delivery was performed. The infant had no clinical or laboratory evidence of adenovirus infection. The patient had a protracted clinical course but recovered with supportive care. Conclusion Adenovirus can present with severe complications in a pregnant woman including hypokalemia and rhabdomyolysis. The mainstay of treatment is supportive care and monitoring of electrolyte abnormalities and renal function.

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