record review
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Reem S Alamri ◽  
Ohoud Owaidhah ◽  

Purpose: This study aimed to assess the impact of COVID-19 on ophthalmological emergency department visits at King Khaled eye specialist hospital in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. Method: A Retrospective Record Review was conducted at KKESH in Riyadh city during a pandemic period from 2 March to 30 June of 2019 and same period in 2020. Data include all patients who visited the ophthalmology emergency department with all age groups.

Hatan Mortada ◽  
Ikhlas Altuawijri ◽  
Taghreed Alhumsi

Abstract Background Craniosynostosis is known as premature closure of one or more of the cranial sutures. Anterior craniosynostosis involves anterior plagiocephaly and trigonocephaly. One of the issues in anterior craniosynostosis skull reshaping is maintaining an aesthetically pleasing forehead curve. Therefore, in this article, we demonstrate our novel technique to use a single-piece bone flap for cranial reshaping of the anterior mold in patients diagnosed with anterior craniosynostosis. A retrospective record review of patients who underwent single piece bone flap cranial reshaping for correction of unicoronal synostosis (UCS) and metopic synostosis (MS) at an Academic Institute in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between 2018 and 2020, was conducted. Results Six non-syndromic consecutive patients were included. Three of the patients had MS. The mean age at surgery was 11.16 months (range, 6–19 months). The average OR time was 315 min (range, 263–368 min). The average intraoperative blood loss was 225 ml (range, 100–400 ml). All patients had achieved acceptable functional and aesthetic results. Conclusion Our novel technique is an innovative and efficient reconstructive technique to simultaneously address MS and UCS and minimize intraoperative bleeding and surgery time. However, more studies with more cases are required.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. e0000064
Md. Saiful Islam ◽  
Sayera Banu ◽  
Sayeeda Tarannum ◽  
Kamal Ibne Amin Chowdhury ◽  
Arifa Nazneen ◽  

Implementation of tuberculosis (TB) infection prevention and control (IPC) guidelines in public tertiary care general hospitals remain challenging due to limited evidence of pulmonary TB (PTB) patients’ duration of hospital stay and management. To fill this evidence gap, this study examined adult PTB patient management, healthcare workers’ (HCWs) exposures and IPC practices in two public tertiary care hospitals in Bangladesh.Between December 2017 and September 2019, a multidisciplinary team conducted structured observations, a hospital record review, and in-depth interviews with hospital staff from four adult medicine wards.Over 20 months, we identified 1,200 presumptive TB patients through the hospital record review, of whom 263 were confirmed PTB patients who stayed in the hospital, a median of 4.7 days without TB treatment and possibly contaminated the inpatients wards. Over 141 observation hours, we found a median of 3.35 occupants present per 10 m2 of floor space and recorded a total of 17,085 coughs and 316 sneezes: a median of 3.9 coughs or sneezes per 10 m2 per hour per ward. Only 8.4% of coughs and 21% of sneezes were covered by cloths, paper, tissues, or by hand. The HCWs reportedly could not isolate the TB patients due to limited resources and space and could not provide them with a mask. Further, patients and HCWs did not wear any respirators.The study identified that most TB patients stayed in the hospitals untreated for some duration of time. These PTB patients frequently coughed and sneezed without any facial protection that potentially contaminated the ward environment and put everyone, including the HCWs, at risk of TB infection. Interventions that target TB patients screening on admission, isolation of presumptive TB patients, respiratory hygiene, and HCWs’ use of personal protective equipment need to be enhanced and evaluated for acceptability, practicality and scale-up.

2021 ◽  
pp. 135245852110675
María I Gaitán ◽  
Melanie Sanchez ◽  
Mauricio F Farez ◽  
Marcela P Fiol ◽  
Maria C Ysrraelit ◽  

Objective: Most contemporary data concerning the frequency and causes of multiple sclerosis (MS) misdiagnosis are from North America and Europe with different healthcare system structure and resources than countries in Latin America. We sought to determine the frequency, and potential contributors to MS misdiagnosis in patients evaluated at an MS referral center in Argentina. Methods: The study was a retrospective medical record review. We included patients evaluated at the MS Clinic at Fleni between April 2013 and March 2021. Diagnoses prior to consultation, final diagnoses after consultation, demographic, clinical and paraclinical data, and treatment were extracted and classified. Results: Seven hundred thirty-six patients were identified. Five hundred seventy-two presented with an established diagnosis of MS and after evaluation, misdiagnosis was identified in 89 (16%). Women were at 83% greater risk of misdiagnosis ( p = 0.034). The most frequent alternative diagnoses were cerebrovascular disease, radiological isolated syndrome (RIS), and headache. Seventy-four (83%) of misdiagnosed patients presented with a syndrome atypical for demyelination, 62 (70%) had an atypical brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and 54 (61%) were prescribed disease-modifying therapy. Conclusion: Sixteen percent of patients with established MS were subsequently found to have been misdiagnosed. Women were at higher risk for misdiagnosis. Expert application of the McDonald criteria may prevent misdiagnosis and its associated morbidity and healthcare system cost.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (12) ◽  
pp. 431-437
Rajiv Ranjan Das ◽  
Kumar Saurav ◽  
Radha Raman Singh

Introduction: There is hardly a person in the world who is not affected by the fearsome covid19 pandemic either physically, psychologically and socio-economically. It has caused extreme mental stress to not only those infected but also those who had to remain indoors for prolonged period due to lockdown. The second wave in 2021 was deadlier with many casualties though there was no pan INDIA lockdown this time. Aims and Objectives: 1) To study and compare all confirmed suicidal deaths in the first lockdown period upto its severe period (Upto June 2020) with suicidal cases during the second phase of COVID-19, from March to June 2021 approximately. 2) Demographic analysis of suicidal cases with determinants like incidence, sex, & age wise distribution, mode of suicide, any specific causes etc, will be studied & evaluated for any perceptible change between the severe phases of first & second waves Materials and Methods: It is retrospective ,record review analytical and comparative study based on postmortem examination reports of all cases conducted by all doctors of department of FMT, Nalanda Medical College, Patna who did autopsy during both periods of study together with study of all police inquests, requisitions(challans), sent by the police investigating officers of concerned cases. Study period- a) 25th march 2020 to June 2020 (lockdown phase). b) March 2021 to June 2021 Results: Total number of suicides was more in Lockdown period of the First wave (10.88%) than in the in the 2nd phase in 2021(9.87%). In the First phase the cases of hanging were 75% & due to poisoning 25%. But in the 2nd phase hanging accounted for the 62.5%, poisoning 31.25% & Drowning 6.25%. Conclusions: Lockdown had more impact on the mental health of a person in Covid than the actual severity of the disease as the number of suicides decreased in the 2nd phase though it was more severe. Financial concerns & perils of confined life added to the fear of the unknown disease in lockdown & in the second phase people were more prepared mentally & financially to combat the disease. Keywords: covid, lockdown, suicide, hanging, autopsy.

Dr. Moumita Hazra

The basic oncotherapeutic vaccines used are cell based vaccines including whole cell vaccines, genetically modified tumour cell vaccines and dendritic cell vaccines, anti-idiotype antibody based vaccines, protein or peptide based vaccines, heat shock proteinbased vaccines, viral, bacterial or yeast vectors based vaccines, mRNA or DNA nucleic acid based vaccines, vaccines based on tumour associated antigens like overexpressed proteins, differentiation antigens, cancer-testis antigens and oncofoetal antigens, and tumour specific antigens including oncogenic viral antigens, antigen presenting cells or molecular neoantigens based vaccines with specific CD8+ T cells and, CD4+ T cells, and nanoparticles vectors based vaccines. The objective of this evidence-based medical research was the comparative quantification of TGF? and telomerase experimentations, with their molecular pharmacological analyses as targets of oncoimmunotherapeutic vaccines. A molecular pharmacological multi-variate, qualitative, analytical study of the retrieved literature derived through a thorough literature review from various available literature databases, was performed, to record, review, thoroughly analyse and delineate the molecular pharmacological basis of oncoimmunotherapeutic vaccines from a wide-ranged study literature containing molecular pharmacological researches, reviews, case presentations and varied databases about the pharmacooncoimmunotherapeutic rationale of the clinical use of vaccines in the treatment of cancer patients, with a specific emphasis on telomerase and TGF?, as molecular pharmacological targets of oncoimmunotherapeutic vaccines. After that, a multivariate evidence-based medical research study of comparative quantification and analysis of the global heterogenous multidisciplinary experimentations and study literature on telomerase and TGF?, as molecular pharmacological targets of pharmaco-oncoimmuno-therapeutic vaccines, affecting global malignant and borderline malign

2021 ◽  
Yoon Kyung Lee ◽  
Marina Shukman ◽  
Reshma Biniwale ◽  
Abbas Ardehali ◽  
Megan Kamath ◽  

2021 ◽  
pp. 000313482110586
Siddhartha Nannapaneni ◽  
Jennifer Silvis ◽  
Karleigh Curfman ◽  
Timothy Chung ◽  
Thomas Simunich ◽  

Health care-associated pneumonias (HAPs) are a significant comorbidity seen in hospitalized patients. Traumatic injury is a known independent risk factor for the development of HAP. Trauma-related injuries also contribute to an increase in the rate of pneumonia in mechanically ventilated patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU) treatment. In 2011, the ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rate among ICU patients at our institution (CMMC) increased dramatically. As a result, our infection control specialists performed a focused review of these patients and found a likely association between these infections and patients requiring pre-hospital intubation. Their determination prompted a July 2012 revision of the CMMC Trauma/Surgery Admission ICU protocol for ventilated patients to include bronchoscopy for all patients who have been intubated pre-hospital providing no contraindications were present. Our aim was to ascertain any influence of the protocol change on the rate of VAP. We conducted a retrospective medical record review of trauma patients who were intubated in the field or ED and seen at our institution (an accredited Level 1 trauma center) from 2012 to 2018. Applying the current definition of VAP from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to data collected from the CMMC trauma registry, we observed a 13% lower VAP rate in the bronchoscopy group ( YB) as compared to the group that did not receive bronchoscopy (NB) ( P < .025). Based on our results, we determined that bronchoscopy performed in this setting does support a statistically significant decrease in the rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia.

BMJ Open ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. e047546
Susan Mahan ◽  
Kathryn Ackerman ◽  
Rachel DiFazio ◽  
Patricia Miller ◽  
Lanna Feldman ◽  

Objective(s)There has been a recent increase in awareness of the importance of bone health in children treated by paediatric orthopaedic and sports medicine providers. The purpose of this study was to assess our utilisation of 25 hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)Vit D) testing in the past 10 years, and to evaluate the level of 25(OH)Vit D sufficiency in various populations of patients seen.DesignThis is a single site, retrospective medical record review study.SettingThe study took place at a single large, private, paediatric level 1 trauma teaching hospital in the Northeast USA.ParticipantsOur internal medical records query system identified all patients who have had 25(OH)Vit D testing in the past 10 years, from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2018. All patients included were seen on an outpatient basis at our Orthopaedic clinics.InterventionsNo interventions for strict research, however, eligible patients have had 25(OH)Vit D testing during their standard of care treatment.Main outcome measure(s)The varying number of 25(OH)Vit D testing that occurred over the study time period within Orthopaedic groups, and by Vit D levels as sufficient, insufficient and deficient. 25(OH)Vit D sufficiency was ≥30 ng/mL, insufficiency <30 ng/mL and deficiency were <20 ng/mL. Patients were stratified and analysed.ResultsBetween 2009 and 2018, there were 4426 patients who had 25(OH)Vit D testing. Vitamin D testing increased significantly (p<0.001) in the past 10 years. 43% of patients had sufficient 25(OH)Vit D levels, 41% had insufficient levels and 15% had deficient levels.ConclusionMore frequent testing has led to an increased identification of patients with insufficient and deficient 25(OH)Vit D levels. We found over 50% of patients tested were found to have 25(OH)Vit D levels under 30 ng/mL. There should be an increased awareness of patients with orthopaedic problems who may present with 25(OH) insufficiency.

2021 ◽  
Vol 24 (4) ◽  
pp. 341-350
Rhiannan Pinnell ◽  
Tim Ramsay ◽  
Han Wang ◽  
Pil Joo

Background  The rate of urinary tract infection (UTI) investigation and treatment in confused older emergency department (ED) patients has not been described in the literature. We aim to describe the pattern of practice in an academic tertiary care ED for this common presentation.  Methods  A health record review was conducted on 499 adults aged ≥65 presenting to academic EDs with confusion. Exclusion criteria: Glasgow Coma Scale < 13, current treatment for UTI, indwelling catheters, nephrostomy tubes, transfer from another hospital. Outcomes were the prevalence of UTI investigation, diagnosis and antibiotic treatment.  Results  64.9% received urine tests, 11.4% were diagnosed with UTI, and 35.2% were prescribed antibiotics. In the subgroup with no urinary symptoms, fever, or other obvious indication for antibiotics, these numbers were 58.2%, 7.6%, and 18.1%, respectively. Patients who had urine tests or received antibiotics were older than those who did not (p values < .01). Patients receiving antibiotics had higher admission rates and 30-day and six-month mortality (OR of 2.9 [2.0–4.3], 4.0 [1.6–11], and 2.8 [1.4–5.8], respectively).  Conclusion  Older patients presenting to ED with confusion were frequently investigated and treated for UTI, even in the absence of urinary symptoms. Antibiotic treatment was associated with higher hospitalization and mortality. 

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