active galactic nuclei
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David Garofalo

Giant radio galaxies are arguably the least understood of jetted active galactic nuclei (AGN). We propose that radio galaxies are the product of large mergers that do not involve radio galaxies or radio quasars, such as in merging spiral galaxies, while giant radio galaxies emerge from a merger involving a parent that in the not-too-distant past harbored a radio galaxy. Predictions following from this are an upper limit to the number fraction of giant radio galaxies to radio galaxies, lower average redshift for giant radio galaxies, a higher incidence of high excitation for giant radio galaxies compared with radio galaxies, and lower average prograde black hole spin values for giant radio galaxies compared to radio galaxies and to bright radio quiet quasars.

J. Kovacevic-Dojcinovic ◽  
I. Dojcinovic ◽  
M. Lakicevic ◽  
L. C. Popovic

Luigi Foschini

Some highlights of the recent researches in the field of relativistic jets are reviewed and critically analyzed. Given the extent of the available literature, this essay symbolically takes the baton from the outstanding and recent review by Blandford, Meier, and Readhead (2019). Therefore, I focus mostly on the results published during the latest few years, with specific reference to jets from active galactic nuclei.

Galaxies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 6
Elena Fedorova ◽  
Bohdan Hnatyk ◽  
Antonino Del Popolo ◽  
Anatoliy Vasylenko ◽  
Vadym Voitsekhovskyi

We consider the sample of 55 blazars and Seyferts cross-correlated from the Planck all-sky survey based on the Early Release Compact Source Catalog (ERCSC) and Swift BAT 105-Month Hard X-ray Survey. The radio Planck spectra vs. X-ray Swift/XRT+BAT spectra of the active galactic nuclei (AGN) sample were fitted with the simple and broken power law (for the X-ray spectra taking into account also the Galactic neutral absorption) to test the dependencies between the photon indices of synchrotron emission (in radio range) and synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) or inverse-Compton emission (in X-rays). We show that for the major part of the AGN in our sample there is a correspondence between synchrotron and SSC photon indices (one of two for broken power-law model) compatible within the error levels. For such objects, this can give a good perspective for the task of distinguishing between the jet base counterpart from that one emitted in the disk-corona AGN “central engine”.

Martin Gaskell ◽  
Neha Thakur ◽  
Betsy Tian ◽  
Anjana Saravanan

2022 ◽  
Vol 258 (1) ◽  
pp. 21
Yibo Wang ◽  
Ning Jiang ◽  
Tinggui Wang ◽  
Lin Yan ◽  
Zhenfeng Sheng ◽  

Abstract Infrared echo has proven to be an effective means to discover transient accretion events of supermassive black holes (SMBHs), such as tidal disruption events (TDEs) and changing-look active galactic nuclei (AGNs), in dusty circumnuclear environments. To explore the dusty populations of SMBH transient events, we have constructed a large sample of mid-infrared outbursts in nearby galaxies (MIRONG) and performed multiwavelength observations. Here we present the results of multiepoch spectroscopic follow-up observations of a subsample of 54 objects spanning a timescale of 4 yr. Emission-line variability was detected in 22 of them with either emergence or enhancement of broad Balmer emission lines in comparison with pre-outburst spectra. Coronal lines, He ii λ4686, and Bowen line N iii λ4640 appeared in the spectra of nine, seven, and two sources, respectively. These results suggest that MIRONG is a mixed bag of different transient sources. We have tentatively classified them into different subclass according to their spectral evolution and light curves. Two sources have been in a steady high broad Hα flux up to the latest observation and might be turn-on AGNs. Broad lines faded out in the remaining sources, indicating a transient ionizing source ignited by TDE or sporadic gas accretion. Thirty-one sources do not show noticeable spectral change with respect to their pre-outburst spectra. They have a statistically redder MIR color and lower MIR luminosity of the outbursts, which are consistent with heavily obscured events.

2022 ◽  
Vol 924 (1) ◽  
pp. 28
Shota Kisaka ◽  
Amir Levinson ◽  
Kenji Toma ◽  
Idan Niv

Abstract We study the response of a starved Kerr black hole magnetosphere to abrupt changes in the intensity of disk emission and in the global magnetospheric current, by means of one-dimensional general relativistic particle-in-cell simulations. Such changes likely arise from the intermittency of the accretion process. We find that in cases where the pair-production opacity contributed by the soft disk photons is modest, as in, e.g., M87, such changes can give rise to delayed, strong teraelectronvolt (TeV) flares, dominated by curvature emission of particles accelerated in the gap. The flare rise time, and the delay between the external variation and the onset of the flare emitted from the outer gap boundary, are of the order of the light-crossing time of the gap. The rapid, large-amplitude TeV flares observed in M87, and perhaps, other active galactic nuclei may be produced by such a mechanism.

2022 ◽  
Vol 82 (1) ◽  
Qiang Li ◽  
Yanni Zhu ◽  
Towe Wang

AbstractConsidering a Schwarzschild black hole surrounded by a fully ionized hydrogen plasma, we study the effect of the gravitational field of the plasma particles on the shadow. We take a formalism in which this effect is unified with the refractive effect of the plasma medium studied previously, but the two effects are characterized by two independent parameters. For semi-realistic values of parameters, we find their corrections to the shadow radius are both negligible, and the gravitational correction can overtake the refractive correction for active galactic nuclei of masses larger than $$10^9M_{\odot }$$ 10 9 M ⊙ . With unrealistically large values of parameters, we illustrate the two effects on the light trajectories and the intensity map.

Mikhail Yu. Piotrovich ◽  
Stanislava D. Buliga ◽  
Tinatin M. Natsvlishvili

Iva Čvorović‐Hajdinjak ◽  
Andjelka B. Kovačević ◽  
Dragana Ilić ◽  
Luka Č. Popović ◽  
Xinyu Dai ◽  

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