Atlantic Salmon Salmo Salar
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 ◽  
pp. 100919
Xiaohao Li ◽  
Yanyun Liu ◽  
Jianxin Cheng ◽  
Yuqing Xia ◽  
Kunpeng Fan ◽  

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-14
P. Weththasinghe ◽  
J.Ø. Hansen ◽  
M. Rawski ◽  
D. Józefiak ◽  
S. Ghimire ◽  

The present study investigated the effect of meals and fractions of black soldier fly larvae (BSFL; Hermetia illucens) in diets for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) on the physical quality of feed pellets, nutrient utilisation, and growth performance. Six extruded diets were produced: control diet (CD); full-fat BSFL meal diet (IM); defatted BSFL meal diet (DFIM); de-chitinised BSFL meal diet (DCIM); BSFL oil diet (IO) and BSFL exoskeleton diet (EX). The full-fat, defatted and de-chitinised meals replaced 15% of protein in the control diet. An eight-week study was conducted using salmon with average 28 g initial weight. The full-fat and de-chitinised meals in the diets numerically reduced pellet hardness, expansion, and water stability. The full-fat and de-chitinised meals improved growth rate of salmon, whilst defatted meal, oil and exoskeleton supported similar growth performance as the control. Feed intake and growth rate of fish fed full-fat meal diet were higher than those fed the other insect diets, but defatted meal gave a better feed conversion ratio than full-fat meal. Defatted meal, de-chitinised meal and exoskeleton reduced protein digestibility in fish, however; defatted meal increased the digested protein retention. In conclusion, use of full-fat BSFL meal improved feed intake and growth rate of salmon when replacing 15% of dietary protein. The present results suggest that less processed fullfat form of BSFL is more optimal in diets for salmon and further processing to remove lipid or exoskeleton fractions would only lead to an additional cost.

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