Common Bile Duct
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Omkolsoum Alhaddad ◽  
Maha Elsabaawy ◽  
Ahmed Edrees ◽  
Essam Elshimy ◽  
Dalia Elsabaawy ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Lately, the humanity has been being threatened by the coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The virus-related destructive motives can damage not only the lungs but also the brain, blood vessels, kidneys, and the heart. Case presentation A middle-aged female presented with jaundice post-COVID-19 pneumonia. The patient had past history of cholecystectomy 20 years ago. Both laboratory and imaging data revealed a picture of cholestasis with right lobe liver abscess. Despite drainage and culture-based antibiotics, no improvement ensued. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was done revealing mildly dilated common bile duct (CBD), multiple large stones, mildly dilated central biliary radicals, and an old overlooked stent inside the dilated CBD. Papillotomy and papilloplasty were undertaken followed by stones’ extraction with insertion of 2 plastic stents (10 cm× 10 f), and a flow of thick dark bile was inspected. The patient was finally improved and safely discharged. Conclusion Herein, we present the first case of long-retained quiescent biliary stent which was over-headed by a cholangitic abscess in the vicinity of COVID pneumonia.


2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (1) ◽  
pp. 841-852
Author(s):  
Abdullah Taher Naji ◽  
Ameen Mohsen Amer ◽  
Saddam Mohammed Alzofi ◽  
Esmail Abdu Ali ◽  
Noman Qaid Alnaggar

This study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and Ultrasound (US) images for the diagnosis of biliary system stones, as well as to assess the consistency between MRCP and US findings. The study sample included 200 cases (90 males and 110 females) with symptomatic biliary system stones between 14 and 82 years. All cases underwent both the US and MRCP imaging for biliary system diagnosis. The study revealed that the most prominent age group with symptoms of biliary system stones was the 33-60-year-old group. It also found that the accuracy of US and MRCP in detecting gallbladder (GB) stones compared with the final diagnosis was 94% and 91%, respectively, with moderate conformity between their results. The accuracy of US and MRCP images in detecting common bile duct (CBD) stones was 61% and 98%, respectively, with fair conformity between their results. In addition, there is a significant agreement between the MRCP and US results in detecting the GB and CBD stones with an agreed percentage of 74% and 71%, respectively. The study concluded that US is the preferred imaging technique for patients with symptomatic gallbladder stones, whereas MRCP is a trustworthy investigation for common bile duct stones.


2022 ◽  
pp. 000313482110547
Author(s):  
Charles W. Armistead ◽  
Lauren E. Favors ◽  
Vincente A. Mejia

Gallbladder volvulus is a rare condition involving the rotation of the gallbladder about the cystic duct and vascular pedicle, compromising biliary drainage and blood flow. This report describes a case of gallbladder volvulus presenting in an 88-year-old female with acute onset of right upper quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. Complete work-up included a physical exam, laboratory studies, and computed tomography (CT), which was notable for a markedly distended gallbladder with circumferential wall thickening, pericholecystic fluid, a 12 mm common bile duct, and a hiatal hernia. Given that her initial presentation was consistent with acute cholecystitis, we elected to perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The definitive diagnosis of gallbladder volvulus was made intraoperatively after decompression of the gallbladder and visualization of counterclockwise rotation of the gallbladder around the hilum and the infundibulum. This case illustrates the challenge in preoperative diagnosis of gallbladder volvulus, which requires high clinical suspicion to provide prompt surgical intervention.


Author(s):  
Giuseppe Grande ◽  
Flavia Pigò ◽  
Luciana Avallone ◽  
Helga Bertani ◽  
Santi Mangiafico ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 1405-1410
Author(s):  
Muhammad Reza Azriyantha ◽  
Ambiar Manjas

Background. Cholelithiasis is a condition where there are stones in the gallbladder or the common bile duct or both. This study aims to describe the characteristics of cholelithiasis patients in RSUD Dr. Achmad Mochtar Bukittinggi. Methods. This research is a descriptive observational study on the incidence of cholelithiasis in hospitals. Dr. Achmad Mochtar Bukittinggi period January 2019 – December 2020. A total of 224 research subjects participated in this study. Secondary data was collected from medical records of research subjects, including data on age, gender, body mass index, clinical symptoms, and type of surgery. Data analysis was carried out with the help of SPSS 25 software. Results. Cholelithiasis was most commonly found in the age group over 50 years (47.8%), normal BMI (46%) cases. The most complained symptom in cholelithiasis patients in this study was abdominal pain (61.6%). All cholelithiasis patients (100%) in this study underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. Conclusion. Cholelithiasis patients who underwent surgery in hospitals. Dr. Achmad Mochtar Bukittinggi for the period January 2019 – December 2020 were 224 patients. The majority of patients over 50 years of age, women, had a normal BMI. The patient frequently complained of abdominal pain and all had undergone laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Author(s):  
Dong Tan ◽  
Yafei Zhang

Objective. To compare the effect of choosing ERCP, OCBDE, and LCBDE for the treatment of patients with recurrent common bile duct stones after biliary tract surgery. Method. 115 patients with recurrent common bile duct stones after biliary surgery in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed and divided into three groups according to the procedure, 36 patients in the ERCP group, 38 patients in the OCBDE group, and 41 patients in the LCBDE group, and compared the efficacy, stress status, and immune status of the three groups. Result. The stone removal rates were 91.67%, 97.37%, and 97.56% in the ERCP, OCBDE, and LCBDE groups, respectively ( P > 0.05 ). There were statistical differences between the ERCP, OCBDE, and LCBDE groups in terms of operative time, postoperative recovery time of exhaustion, recovery time of defecation, recovery time of feeding, and hospitalization time ( P < 0.05 ). The postoperative complication rates were 8.33%, 10.53%, and 7.32% in the ERCP, OCBDE, and LCBDE groups, respectively ( P > 0.05 ). The recurrence rates within 1 year after surgery were 2.78%, 7.89%, and 2.44% in the ERCP, OCBDE, and LCBDE groups, respectively ( P > 0.05 ). Conclusion. ERCP has short operative time, short hospital stay, and rapid postoperative recovery. LCBDE has mild trauma, and OCBDE has a wide range of application. Each of the three procedures has its own advantages and shortcomings, and the most appropriate procedure should be selected on the basis of comprehensive evaluation.


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