Chronic Pancreatitis
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2022 ◽  
pp. 547-549
Author(s):  
Mohd Monis ◽  
Md Khalaf Saba ◽  
Syed M Danish Qaseem ◽  
Nadeem Arshad

Pancreaticopleural fistula (PPF) is a rare complication of chronic pancreatitis described more commonly in adults with alcoholic and necrotizing pancreatitis. We report a rare case of ruptured mediastinal pseudocyst with the formation of PPF in a 15-year-old boy who presented with progressive dyspnea and large left-sided pleural effusion that recurred despite repeated drainage. On the basis of imaging findings and pleural fluid analysis, the diagnosis of PPF with ruptured mediastinal pseudocyst was made. The diagnosis of PPF should be considered in patients with non-resolving large left-sided pleural effusions. The diagnosis can be confirmed either by significantly raised amylase levels in pleural fluid or direct visualization of the fistula on Computed tomography/magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography.


2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yasunobu Yamashita ◽  
Reiko Ashida ◽  
Masayuki Kitano

Chronic pancreatitis (CP) describes long-standing inflammation of the pancreas, which leads to irreversible and progressive inflammation of the pancreas with fibrosis. CP also leads to abdominal pain, malnutrition, and permanent impairment of exocrine/endocrine functions. However, it is difficult to assess CP pathologically, and imaging modalities therefore play an important role in the diagnosis and assessment of CP. There are four modalities typically used to assess CP. Pancreatic duct features are assessed with magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). However, ERCP is a rather invasive diagnostic modality for CP, and can result in adverse events such as post-ERCP pancreatitis. Computed tomography (CT) is often the most appropriate initial imaging modality for patients with suspected CP, and has high diagnostic specificity. However, CT findings typically only appear in advanced stages of CP, and it is difficult to detect early CP. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) provides superior spatial resolution compared with other imaging modalities such as CT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and is considered the most reliable and efficient diagnostic modality for pancreatic diseases. The EUS-based Rosemont classification plays an important role in diagnosing CP in clinical practice. Evaluation of tissue stiffness can be another option to assess the diagnosis and progression of CP, and MRI and EUS can be used to assess CP not only with imaging, but also with elasticity measurement. MR and EUS elastography are expected to provide new alternative diagnostic tools for assessment of fibrosis in CP, which is difficult to evaluate pathologically.


Gut ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. gutjnl-2021-326670
Author(s):  
Yuan-Chen Wang ◽  
Xiao-Tong Mao ◽  
Dong Yu ◽  
Sheng-Han Mao ◽  
Zhao-Shen Li ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Awais Ahmed ◽  
Amit N. Anand ◽  
Ishani Shah ◽  
William Yakah ◽  
Steven D. Freedman ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
E. V. Chernyadeva ◽  
S. N. Styazhkina ◽  
T. E. Chernyshova ◽  
M. K. Ivanova ◽  
A. A. Zhuikova

Aim: to study the quality of life and the emotional state of patients with chronic pancreatitis on the background of postoperative hypothyroidism and the possibility of effective rehabilitation.Materials and methods. 270 patients with chronic pancreatitis were examined, among which 40 patients with primary postoperative hypothyroidism, who made up group 1, group 2 included 30 patients without thyroid pathology. Patients underwent a blood test according to the main biochemical parameters, hormonal blood count, ultrasound of the thyroid gland, hepatobiliary and duodenal zone. The study of quality of life and psychoemotional state by tests.Results In patients with chronic pacreatitis in combination with postoperative hypothyroidism among diseases of the hepatoduodenal zone, chronic non-calculous cholecystitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease were identified that are clinically characterized by abdominal pain syndrome according to the GSRS questionnaire. Patients revealed mild depressive state, high levels of personal and situational anxiety. The quality of life of patients was reduced both in physical and in psychological components, due to indicators of role-playing physical and emotional functioning. Against the background of treatment with a combination of succinate-containing drugs, the severity of depression, situational and personal anxiety decreased, and role functioning due to physical and emotional state, social functioning increased.Conclusions: The use of combination therapy with sodium levothyroxine and ethylmethylhydroxypyridine succinate in patients with comorbid pathology during postoperative hypothyroidism improves the clinical picture, psychoemotional balance and quality of life.


Author(s):  
B. O. Kulevich ◽  
A. Yu. Razumovsky ◽  
V. V. Kholostova ◽  
Z. B. Mitupov ◽  
A. I. Khavkin ◽  
...  

Chronic pancreatitis is one of the most pressing problems of pediatric gastroenterology and surgery of hepatopancreatobiliary organs. Diagnosis and treatment of this category of patients requires a comprehensive examination using modern highly sensitive research methods and the collegial participation of a surgeon, gastroenterologist and endocrinologist. Due to the fact that the algorithm for managing these patients is not regulated, patients often receive enzyme replacement therapy for a long time, with indications for surgical treatment. In addition, the non-specificity of complaints and clinical manifestations of chronic pancreatitis, the asymptomatic course and the initial detection of exo- and endocrine insufficiency lead to a later choice of the optimal treatment method and increase the risk of complications. The key to effective care for children with chronic pancreatitis is the staging and continuity in research and treatment. At the Center for the Treatment of Developmental Anomalies and Diseases of the Hepatopancreatobiliary System in Children on the basis of the Filatov Hospital, highly effective interventions are carried out for chronic pancreatitis in children, the purpose of which is to ensure an adequate outflow of pancreatic juice using longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy, which, in addition to draining the pancreas, allows to achieve clinical remission and stop the progression pathological process, including diabetes mellitus. The article reflects the experience of diagnosis and treatment of chronic pancreatitis in children.


Author(s):  
Yu. A. Kucheryavyy ◽  
D. S. Bordin

In recent years, several consensus and guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic pancreatitis have been published. In 2017, the Russian and Pan-European (HaPanEU) consensus was published, in 2018 — the international consensus on minimal change pancreatitis, in 2020 — the clinical guidelines of the American College of Gastroenterology, in 2021 — the British clinical guidelines. Many of their provisions overlap. This review article analyzed the main provisions of the latest recommendations, taking into account the possibility of their adaptation to Russian clinical practice.


Author(s):  
M. D. Ardatskaya ◽  
L. V. Maslovskii ◽  
I. V. Zverkov

The frequency of intestinal microbiota disorders in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) is extremely high and can reach 97%. The bacterial overgrowth syndrome (SIBO) and the syndrome of increased epithelial permeability (SPEP), developing against the background of excretory insufficiency of the pancreas, affect the severity of the clinical picture of the disease, reduce the effectiveness of enzyme replacement therapy and generally contribute to the further progression of CP.The article presents a modern view on the mechanisms of the formation of SIBO and SPEP in CP. There is their aggravating effect on the course of the disease and the aggravation of disorders of the digestive and absorption processes that accompany them is shown and analyzed in the article.For decontamination of conditionally pathogenic and pathogenic flora, increasing the number and metabolic activity of indigenous microflora in patients with CP, the use of a non-absorbable broad-spectrum antibiotic rifaximin is effective. In order to restore the barrier function of the gastrointestinal mucosa, the drug of choice is rebamipid, a universal cytoprotector that affects all three levels of epithelial tissue protection (preepithelial, epithelial and subepithelial).Conclusion. CP is characterized by the complexity of its etiology and pathogenesis. Bacterial factors, in particular, SIBO and SPEP, play an essential role in the development of inflammatory changes in the pancreas. In the complex therapy of CP, it is advisable to take measures aimed at correcting disorders of the intestinal microbiota.


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