capital development
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Author(s):  
Astrid Reichel ◽  
Mila Lazarova ◽  
Eleni Apospori ◽  
Fida Afiouni ◽  
Maike Andresen ◽  
...  

2022 ◽  
pp. 57-89
Author(s):  
Paula Cristina Nunes Figueiredo

The main aim of the chapter is to identify the leadership style that promotes succession planning through the existence of leadership development practices within organizations. The middle and top leaders are very important to identify and develop new leaders within the organization. The authors reach three main conclusions: 1) The laissez-faire leadership style is related to the succession planning. Succession planning is positively influenced by leaders that adopt a passive leadership style. 2) There are some practices of leadership development that are related to the existence of succession planning in organizations. 3) The 360º feedback and coaching/executive coaching are related to the succession planning. These practices promote the human capital development, so it is assumed that succession planning may be related to the leader development. Theoretically they concluded that organizations should have a leadership pipeline in order to prepare leaders to assume leadership positions.


Author(s):  
Hui Nee Au Yong ◽  
Ke Xin Liew

The main purpose of this study is to seek industrial players' inputs on fiscal and monetary policies necessary to enhance SME export performance. The authors use survey data from 215 small and medium enterprises having export markets. They report the most essential governmental export support policies from the perspective of the industry players. The study revealed that accessing to financing is the top request to the government. Other policy recommendations are related to market access, human capital development, tax regimes, infrastructure and technology adoption, legal and regulatory environment, and monetary policies. This study gives implications for Malaysia External Trade Development Corporation (MATRADE) policymakers and export-oriented small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The study contributes to the Malaysian SMEs in relation to inputs to the government to improve their export performance especially using e-commerce.


Author(s):  
Elena Viktorovna Krasova

The article considers the most important achievements of the human capital theory. Taking into account the theory’s versatility and ambiguity of approaches to its main theses, advisability of a systemic view on its evolution and role in modern science is indicated. The 60th anniversary of the official birth of the theory in 1962 was taken as a special reason for rethinking its achievements. There are given the main scientific human capital theory’s results, which expanded, deepened and supplemented the scientific knowledge over the period from the end XX century until the beginning of the XXI century. Among the results are the increasing importance of investments in human development, development of economic growth theories, classification and systematization of human productive qualities, development of interdisciplinary researches of human being and human capital, accumulation of empirical researches’ data bases, optimization of investment policies in different countries and regions, actualization of studying trends and problems in the field of science and education, development of futuristic ideas, extension of labor market researches, improvement of the personnel management theory and methodology. It has been emphasized that the existence of modern approaches to human capital development does not mean their widespread implementation in practice: an objective reality imposed by many factors does not always contribute to the effective use of individuals’ productive qualities. For Russia there are singled out the following factors: the economy’s structural problems, imbalances in supply and demand in the labor market, discrepancy between available human capital and quality of jobs, and some other factors that can neutralize positive effects of the human capital development.


2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (4) ◽  
pp. 504-533

This study investigates the nexus between domestic resource mobilization using aggregated and disaggregated taxes, and human capital accumulation as measured by the index of human capital and total factor productivity. The study explores panel Autoregressive Distributed Lag. We further explore the linear and nonlinear effects of taxes on human capital accumulation. The results from the scatterplots show that taxes at aggregate and disaggregated levels positively correlated with the two measures of human capital. On the linear analysis, the impact of aggregated and disaggregated taxes is largely negative under the index of human capital but largely positive under the second measure in the short-run. However, the long-run results indicate that aggregate and disaggregated taxes significantly amplify human capital accumulation. On nonlinearity, there is no presence of human capital laffer curve (HCLC) in the short-run under the two measures of human capital. However, there is presence of HCLC in the long-run. The net effects results show that some taxes (such as indirect taxes, taxes on goods and services) are distortionary in improving the level of human capital development while some taxes (such as total tax, direct tax, taxes on income, profit, and gains) can distort human capital development in the SSA region.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 2797-2803
Author(s):  
Obiora, Judipat Nkiru

The imperatives of intraorganizational integration anchor on the establishment of systemic features necessary for organizational effectiveness and efficiency. Such outcomes border on the support and framework advanced by the structural components of the organization, and the extent to which infrastructures and norms serve the goal of improved service quality and delivery especially within the hospitality industry. This paper identified structural capital development as a significant predictor of intraorganizational integration (communication and knowledge sharing) in premium restaurants in Rivers State – thus, reinforcing the institutional theory on the criticality of learning and the embodiment of external values and considerations in shaping or defining organizational structures, routines and policies. The findings however indicate that structural capital does not influence cohesion within the premium restaurants. In conclusion, emphasis is placed on the imperatives of informed change activities channelled towards organizational infrastructure and functions; such that anchor on the unique characteristics or attributes of the environment; thus enabling a more harmonic and systemic outcome for the internal as well as external features of the organization  


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