Positive Effects
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2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 279-287
Author(s):  
Tatiana Tazikhina ◽  
◽  
Vladimir Kvasha ◽  
Yulia Solovova ◽  
Igbal Guliev ◽  
...  

The green energy agenda has become one of the most important issues in international relations. Many island states of the Oceania have taken the course of green economy construction. The Caribbean states are in some way similar to the Oceania ones and have also made several steps towards greener future. Some of these states are tightly connected with international tourism, leading to the high dependence of their economies from touristic revenues. The article examines this interconnection, including economic component in the analysis. The major question of the article is how does (or doesn’t) tourism influence the development of green energy in the Caribbean states. The two major economies examined in the region are Cuba and Dominican Republic as the two examples of the totally different economic systems and approaches to the development of the green energy. The key findings of the article include such conclusions as the possibility of synergetic interdependence between tourism, economy and green energy and the positive effects this interdependence has. The other finding is that the Cuban method of introducing green energy is less effective than the Dominican one. The novelty of the article includes the comparison of the two economic models in the Caribbean and the development of strategies for the green energy proliferation in the countries.


Author(s):  
Benedecta Indah Nugraheni ◽  
◽  
Herman Dwi Surjono ◽  
Gregorius Punto Aji ◽  

This review aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of how the flipped classroom can give the positive effects on developing students’ critical thinking skills. Data were collected from four databases, which included Google Scholar, ResearchGate, EBSCO, and Emerald. This study synthesized the findings of 16 studies published from 2015 to 2020. The results revealed that there were many learning activities that could be designed in a flipped classroom both outside and inside the classroom so that it allowed students to be actively involved in learning, flipped classrooms could also be integrated with other learning methods and utilize various technologies to increase their effectiveness in developing students’ critical thinking skills.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Caio Fábio Schlechta Portella ◽  
Ricardo Ghelman ◽  
Veronica Abdala ◽  
Mariana Cabral Schveitzer ◽  
Rui Ferreira Afonso

Study Basis: This evidence map presents a summary of studies that addressed the effects of meditation on various clinical and health conditions. Meditation is a contemplative practice that has been used for the promotion of health, and the treatment of different conditions.Method: The study is based on the search of four electronic databases for the period 1994-November 2019 and includes systematic reviews, meta-analyses, meta-syntheses, and integrative reviews. 3iE evidence gap map was the methodology of choice, and AMSTAR 2 was used for the analyses. Tableau was used to graphically display the confidence level, number of reviews, health outcomes, and intervention effects.Results: This map encompasses 191 studies, with Mindfulness being the key word that retrieved the highest number of results. Several meditation techniques were evaluated in different contexts, and the confidence levels of 22 studies were high, 84 were moderate, and 82 were low. Two 2 meta-syntheses and 1 integrative review were also included. Most of the studies reported positive effects and a beneficial potential of the practice of meditation. Health outcomes were divided into five groups out of which mental health and vitality, and well-being and quality of life stood out with the largest number of studies.Conclusions: Meditation has been applied in different areas. This Evidence Map intends to be an easy visual tool to access valuable evidence-based information on this complementary therapy for patients, health professionals, and managers.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Chen Chen ◽  
Tiejian Li ◽  
Bellie Sivakumar ◽  
Ashish Sharma ◽  
John D. Albertson ◽  
...  

Climate warming has increased grassland productivity on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, while intensified grazing has brought increasing direct negative effects. To understand the effects of climate change and make sustainable management decisions, it is crucial to identify the combined effects. Here, we separate the grazing effects with a climate-driven probability model and elaborate scenario comparison, using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) of the grassland on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. We show that grazing has positive effects on NDVI in the beginning and end of the growing season, and negative effects in the middle. Because of the positive effects, studies tend to underestimate and even ignore the grazing pressure under a warming climate. Moreover, the seasonality of grazing effects changes the NDVI-biomass relationship, influencing the assessment of climate change impacts. Therefore, the seasonality of grazing effects should be an important determinant in the response of grassland to warming in sustainability analysis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 49-63
Author(s):  
Nazmi Dinçer ◽  
Rabia Dinçer

Having proficiency in the standard aviation phraseology specified by International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is of great importance for prospective pilots in communication with air traffic controllers and other pilots. The ambiguity in the standard phraseology could be a disaster for the flight crews. That’s why; serious thought has been given at the policy of improving the precise communication in aviation. However, it remains unclear whether the serious game-based flight simulations can enhance the vocabulary intake of the learners who invest the majority of their time in studying the standard aviation phraseology. There is also a dearth of research pertaining to the association between serious gaming and aviation phraseology. The advancement of the technology has exponentially expanded the digital games and therefore began to be widely used in education. The current study thus sets out to investigate the effect of a serious simulation game X-Plane 11 offering invaluable learning experience on aviation vocabulary acquisition. This investigation takes the form of a quasi-experimental mixed-method research by retrieving convenience sampling (15 subjects in experimental group, 15 subjects in control group). The findings indicated that there had been strong evidence of the positive effects of serious gaming on the learners’ outcome. Following the integration of the serious game, a significant increase with the medium effect size in the experimental group was recorded. This finding was also echoed by the majority of the interviewees who unanimously emphasized that the game was beneficial and motivating for language learning despite the minority challenges triggered by the level of language, hardware, and software types.


2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (4) ◽  
pp. 579-587
Author(s):  
Charie Ann Cabides-Padullo

The article examines the history of Russian immigrants on the Philippine Island of Tubabao, where they fled from China in 1948 to avoid repatriation to the USSR. The refugees lived on the island for four years, a period the local population remembers as Tiempo Russo. The authors goal was to examine how Filipinos saw the Russians by interviewing older islanders who had had direct contacts with the emigrants. The survey focused on three topics: 1) Fears of the Russians when they arrived on the island; 2) Formal and informal social means of communication between natives and Russians; 3) The level of respondents' trust in Russian refugees. The interviews revealed that the large number of refugees (6,000) who arrived on the island initially aroused apprehension among the local population. However, the Russians good behavior, friendliness and openness eventually dispelled all fears. The Russians and the islanders developed stable links as they bartered products and carried out leisure activities together, among others. At the same time, the islanders were introduced to Russian everyday culture: playing the piano, watching movies, drinking alcohol (coconut wine). In general, the local population saw their temporary positive effects. They made an impression as open, friendly, hospitable people, who loved to drink and treat others very well.


2021 ◽  
Vol 36 (4) ◽  
pp. 225-232
Author(s):  
Courtney Smyth ◽  
Gary A Mirka

OBJECTIVE: Clarinetists often report discomfort of the right wrist and thumb and note that it is likely the result of the constant force applied to the area from the instrument’s weight and the musician’s technique. One preventative measure to reduce this discomfort is the use of a neck strap. The objective of the current study was to document the biomechanical impacts of this intervention. METHODS: Eight experienced clarinetists played a series of three etude pieces while playing both with and without a neck strap. For each condition, the force between the right thumb and clarinet was measured, electromyographic (EMG) data were collected from seven muscle groups, and subjective assessment of perceived effort was obtained. RESULTS: The results showed that when the neck strap was used, there was a significant decrease in the average force between the thumb and clarinet (p<0.05) and a decrease in the average perceived effort required for the right shoulder and thumb of the participants (p<0.05). Importantly, there were no statistically significant increases in the muscle activity of any of the neck and shoulder muscles with the introduction of the neck strap intervention. CONCLUSION: A neck strap intervention had positive effects on the right thumb while not causing any known adverse effects to other areas such as the neck, upper back, and shoulders.


2021 ◽  
Vol 17 (2) ◽  
pp. 217-241
Author(s):  
Qais Salem Al-Maaitah

This study aims to prove the importance of monotheism belief in the Holy Qurʾān as a foundation for the construction of man in general and human personality in all its mental, physical, psychological and spiritual aspects, in specific. It portrays how Islam alone can build “human civilisation” because it is divine guidance from the Creator Himself. In terms of research methodology, the researcher will mainly depend on a descriptive approach and will also rely on an inductive approach to track the texts that prove this belief. Next, these texts will be analysed using the analytical method to obtain the results. This study will find the Qur’anic verses, relevant instructions and sermons to achieve this goal. One of the most important results reached by the researcher is that the Islamic doctrine can build a balanced, integrated structure of the human personality, and this personality will lead to happiness and a balanced perspective – away from racism and intolerance. People having personalities accept and love others regardless of their colour, gender, or race. There is no doubt the positive effects of monotheism and many religious approaches in building human personality. Perhaps the most important effects are tranquillity and contentment with God’s decree. Tranquillity is a dire quality needed by humankind today – tranquillity means a person feels at peace in their heart, soul, and mind, and there is no way despair can seep into his heart.


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