human reliability analysis
Recently Published Documents






Numerous studies have been conducted to assess the role of human errors in accidents in different industries. Human reliability analysis (HRA) has drawn a great deal of attention among safety engineers and risk assessment analyzers. Despite all technical advances and the development of processes, damaging and catastrophic accidents still happen in many industries. Human Error Assessment and Reduction Technique (HEART) and Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method (CREAM) methods were compared with the hierarchical fuzzy system in a steel industry to investigate the human error. This study was carried out in a rolling unit of the steel industry, which has four control rooms, three shifts, and a total of 46 technicians and operators. After observing the work process, reviewing the documents, and interviewing each of the operators, the worksheets of each research method were completed. CREAM and HEART methods were defined in the hierarchical fuzzy system and the necessary rules were analyzed. The findings of the study indicated that CREAM was more successful than HEART in showing a better capability to capture task interactions and dependencies as well as logical estimation of the HEP in the plant studied. Given the nature of the tasks in the studied plant and interactions and dependencies among tasks, it seems that CREAM is a better method in comparison with the HEART method to identify errors and calculate the HEP.  

Kerntechnik ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 86 (6) ◽  
pp. 470-477
M. Farcasiu ◽  
C. Constantinescu

Abstract This paper provides the empirical basis to support predictions of the Human Factor Engineering (HFE) influences in Human Reliability Analysis (HRA). A few methods were analyzed to identify HFE concepts in approaches of Performance Shaping Factors (PSFs): Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction (THERP), Human Cognitive Reliability (HCR) and Cognitive Reliability and Error Analysis Method (CREAM), Success Likelihood Index Method (SLIM) Plant Analysis Risk – Human Reliability Analysis (SPAR-H), A Technique for Human Error Rate Prediction (ATHEANA) and Man-Machine-Organization System Analysis (MMOSA). Also, in order to identify other necessary PSFs in HFE, an additional investigation process of human performance (HPIP) in event occurrences was used. Thus, the human error probability could be reduced and its evaluating can give out the information for error detection and recovery. The HFE analysis model developed using BHEP values (maximum and pessimistic) is based on the simplifying assumption that all specific circumstances of HFE characteristics are equal in importance and have the same value of influence on human performance. This model is incorporated into the PSA through the HRA methodology. Finally, a clarification of the relationships between task analysis and the HFE is performed, ie between potential human errors and design requirements.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (11) ◽  
pp. 1263
Xiangbin Meng ◽  
Hai Sun ◽  
Jichuan Kang

There are many factors involved in the layout optimization of cabin equipment, and human factors should be considered in the early stage of layout design. Human reliability is an effective index to evaluate the probability of success of the human completion of tasks. In order to put forward the method of human reliability which is more suitable for the layout optimization of cabin equipment, the existing methods of human reliability analysis (HRA) are systematically studied. At the same time, taking HRA, equipment correlation and cabin balance as objective functions, the optimization problem of cabin equipment layout was quantified into a mathematical model. When solving the model, the visibility graph method was used to model the cabin path planning, and a solution platform for the optimization of cabin equipment layout was developed on the basis of a genetic algorithm. Finally, the developed platform was applied with a ship example, and the results before and after the layout optimization were displayed through a three-dimensional model. At the same time, equipment layout evaluation software was used to simulate the experimental results so as to compare the improvement of important parameters before and after the layout optimization.

Caroline Morais ◽  
Hector Diego Estrada-Lugo ◽  
Silvia Tolo ◽  
Tiago Jacques ◽  
Raphael Moura ◽  

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document