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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (3) ◽  
pp. 0-0

Introduction: Healthcare workers face incomparable work and psychological demands that are amplified throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Aim: This study aimed to investigate the psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on health care workers in Jordan. Method: A cross-sectional design was used. Data was collected using an online survey during the outbreak of COVID-19. Results: Overall, of the 312 healthcare workers, almost 38% and 36% presented with moderate to severe anxiety and depression consecutively. Nurses reported more severe symptoms than other healthcare workers. And both anxiety and depression were negatively correlated with well-being. Getting infected was not an immediate worry among healthcare workers; however, they were worried about carrying the virus to their families. Implications for Practice: Stakeholders must understand the impact of COVID-19 on healthcare workers and plan to provide them with the required psychological support and interventions at an early stage.


2022 ◽  
Vol 29 (3) ◽  
pp. 1-34
Author(s):  
Moritz Alexander Messerschmidt ◽  
Sachith Muthukumarana ◽  
Nur Al-Huda Hamdan ◽  
Adrian Wagner ◽  
Haimo Zhang ◽  
...  

We present ANISMA, a software and hardware toolkit to prototype on-skin haptic devices that generate skin deformation stimuli like pressure, stretch, and motion using shape-memory alloys (SMAs). Our toolkit embeds expert knowledge that makes SMA spring actuators more accessible to human–computer interaction (HCI) researchers. Using our software tool, users can design different actuator layouts, program their spatio-temporal actuation and preview the resulting deformation behavior to verify a design at an early stage. Our toolkit allows exporting the actuator layout and 3D printing it directly on skin adhesive. To test different actuation sequences on the skin, a user can connect the SMA actuators to our customized driver board and reprogram them using our visual programming interface. We report a technical analysis, verify the perceptibility of essential ANISMA skin deformation devices with 8 participants, and evaluate ANISMA regarding its usability and supported creativity with 12 HCI researchers in a creative design task.


Author(s):  
Ratna Patil ◽  
Sharvari Tamane ◽  
Shitalkumar Adhar Rawandale ◽  
Kanishk Patil

<p>Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that affects many people in the world badly. Early diagnosis of this disease is of paramount importance as physicians and patients can work towards prevention and mitigation of future complications. Hence, there is a necessity to develop a system that diagnoses type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) at an early stage. Recently, large number of studies have emerged with prediction models to diagnose T2DM. Most importantly, published literature lacks the availability of multi-class studies. Therefore, the primary objective of the study is development of multi-class predictive model by taking advantage of routinely available clinical data in diagnosing T2DM using machine learning algorithms. In this work, modified mayfly-support vector machine is implemented to notice the prediabetic stage accurately. To assess the effectiveness of proposed model, a comparative study was undertaken and was contrasted with T2DM prediction models developed by other researchers from last five years. Proposed model was validated over data collected from local hospitals and the benchmark PIMA dataset available on UCI repository. The study reveals that modified Mayfly-SVM has a considerable edge over metaheuristic optimization algorithms in local as well as global searching capabilities and has attained maximum test accuracy of 94.5% over PIMA.</p>


Author(s):  
J. Lorenz ◽  
D. Moghanaki ◽  
H. Keshava ◽  
D.H. Harpole ◽  
J.D. Bradley ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Prakruthi Mandya Krishnegowda ◽  
Komarasamy Ganesan

<p>Diabetic retinopathy (DR) refers to a complication of diabetes and a prime cause of vision loss in middle-aged people. A timely screening and diagnosis process can reduce the risk of blindness. Fundus imaging is mainly preferred in the clinical analysis of DR. However; the raw fundus images are usually subjected to artifacts, noise, low and varied contrast, which is very hard to process by human visual systems and automated systems. In the existing literature, many solutions are given to enhance the fundus image. However, such approaches are particular and limited to a specific objective that cannot address multiple fundus images. This paper has presented an on-demand preprocessing frame work that integrates different techniques to address geometrical issues, random noises, and comprehensive contrast enhancement solutions. The performance of each preprocessing process is evaluated against peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR), and brightness is quantified in the enhanced image. The motive of this paper is to offer a flexible approach of preprocessing mechanism that can meet image enhancement needs based on different preprocessing requirements to improve the quality of fundus imaging towards early-stage diabetic retinopathy identification.</p>


Author(s):  
Zoleikha Jahanbakhsh-Nagadeh ◽  
Mohammad-Reza Feizi-Derakhshi ◽  
Arash Sharifi

During the development of social media, there has been a transformation in social communication. Despite their positive applications in social interactions and news spread, it also provides an ideal platform for spreading rumors. Rumors can endanger the security of society in normal or critical situations. Therefore, it is important to detect and verify the rumors in the early stage of their spreading. Many research works have focused on social attributes in the social network to solve the problem of rumor detection and verification, while less attention has been paid to content features. The social and structural features of rumors develop over time and are not available in the early stage of rumor. Therefore, this study presented a content-based model to verify the Persian rumors on Twitter and Telegram early. The proposed model demonstrates the important role of content in spreading rumors and generates a better-integrated representation for each source rumor document by fusing its semantic, pragmatic, and syntactic information. First, contextual word embeddings of the source rumor are generated by a hybrid model based on ParsBERT and parallel CapsNets. Then, pragmatic and syntactic features of the rumor are extracted and concatenated with embeddings to capture the rich information for rumor verification. Experimental results on real-world datasets demonstrated that the proposed model significantly outperforms the state-of-the-art models in the early rumor verification task. Also, it can enhance the performance of the classifier from 2% to 11% on Twitter and from 5% to 23% on Telegram. These results validate the model's effectiveness when limited content information is available.


2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xia Lv ◽  
Yuyang Jin ◽  
Danting Zhang ◽  
Yixuan Li ◽  
Yakai Fu ◽  
...  

Anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody-positive dermatomyositis (DM)-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD) may progress rapidly and lead to high mortality within 6 or 12 months. Except for reported prognostic factors, simple but powerful prognostic biomarkers are still in need in practice. In this study, we focused on circulating monocyte and lymphocyte counts and their variation tendency in the early stage of ILD. A total of 351 patients from two inception anti-MDA5 antibody-positive cohorts were included in this study, with various treatment choices. Lymphocyte count remained lower in the first month after admission in the non-survivor patients. Although baseline monocyte count showed no significant differences, average monocyte count in the following 4 weeks was also lower in the non-survivor group. Based on the C-index and analysis by the “survminer” R package in the discovery cohort, we chose 0.24 × 109/L as the cutoff value for Mono W0-2, 0.61 × 109/L as the cutoff value for lymph W0-2, and 0.78 × 109/L as the cutoff value for peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) W0-2, to predict the 6-month all-cause mortality. The Kaplan–Meier survival curves and adjusted hazard ratio with age, gender, and the number of immunosuppressants used all validated that patients with lower average monocyte count, lower average lymphocyte count, or lower average PBMC count in the first 2 weeks after admission had higher 6-month death risk, no matter in the validation cohort or in the pooled data. Furthermore, flow cytometry figured out that non-classical monocytes in patients with anti-MDA5 antibody-positive DM were significantly lower than healthy controls and patients with DM without anti-MDA5 antibodies. In conclusion, this study elucidated the predictive value of monocyte and lymphocyte counts in the early stage and may help rheumatologists to understand the possible pathogenesis of this challenging disease.


2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Fushun Kou ◽  
Yuan Cheng ◽  
Lei Shi ◽  
Jiajing Liu ◽  
Yuyue Liu ◽  
...  

BackgroundPatients with long-duration ulcerative colitis (UC) had a higher risk of developing ulcerative colitis-associated carcinogenesis (UCAC) when compared to those with short-duration UC. This study aimed to discover the biomarker for cancer surveillance related to disease duration.MethodsThe microarrays were divided into short-duration (&lt;10 years) UC, long-duration (≥10 years) UC, UCAC, and normal groups in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) of GEO and the hub genes of the selected weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) were intersected to obtain the overlapping genes. Among these genes, the key gene was identified by using the protein–protein interaction (PPI) network, Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis, the cytoHubba of Cytoscape, and the expression levels. Also, immunofluorescence of human colonic mucosa and animal experiment were used to validate the expression trend of the key gene in the progress of UC developing into UCAC.ResultsLipocalin-2 (LCN2) was more relevant with disease duration of UC and significantly negatively correlated with the risk of UCAC. The expression level of LCN2 in short-duration UC was higher than that of long-duration UC (P &lt; 0.01), long-duration UC was higher than that of UCAC (P = 0.001), and UC and UCAC were all higher than that of the normal (P &lt; 0.001). We then discovered that the expression trend of LCN2 in blood and stool samples was consistent with that in colorectal mucosa.ConclusionThe research indicates that LCN2 could be a novel biomarker to evaluate cancer surveillance related to disease duration of developing UC into UCAC. Compared with that of blood samples, stool detection of LCN2 may have more advantages for diagnosis value of early stage of UCAC as a complement to colonoscopy surveillance.


2022 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
Author(s):  
Silvia Logar ◽  
Rym Bednarova ◽  
Alessandro Rizzardo ◽  
Luca Miceli

The world’s fragmented response to the COVID-19 pandemic created fertile ground for mixed messages and inconsistency. The authors analyzed Google-trending insights from five countries (Italy, Spain, the United States, the United Kingdom, and France) across three-week time (1–23 March 2020) to document trends in population health anxiety in response to the initial global spreading of the outbreak. The results are expressed in the form of Uncertainty Index (UI), which reflects the total number of Google searches/COVID-19 prevalence and standardized per million inhabitants. The United Kingdom experienced the highest level of health anxiety (UI = 11.5), followed by France (UI = 4.6) and Spain (UI = 3.2). The United States suffered the highest rate of uncertainty in the early stage of the pandemic; the Italian population experienced a balanced level of anxiety. Institutionalizing risk communication during COVID-19 should represent an integral part of the country emergency response.


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