Distal Humerus
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2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Ashraf N. Moharram ◽  
Mostafa Mahmoud ◽  
Ahmed Lymona ◽  
Ahmed Afifi ◽  
Mostafa Ezzat ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) is the gold standard management of fractures of the distal humerus. Stable fixation to allow early mobilization is not always possible in cases with comminuted fracture patterns and bone loss, with a high failure rate. We propose augmentation of internal fixation in these unstable situations with a spanning plate across the elbow to protect the fixation construct temporarily until bone union. Methods Eighteen patients with complex distal humeral fractures were managed with standard ORIF technique augmented with a temporary plate spanning across the elbow as an internal fixator. Cases included were either very distal, comminuted (6 cases) or insufficiency fractures (4 cases) or revision fixation cases (8 cases). The temporary spanning plate was removed as soon as signs of early radiographic union were detected. Results Seventeen patients were available for final follow up at a mean 28.3 months. The spanning plate was removed after 3.4 months on average. At the final follow-up, the mean elbow total arc of motion was 86.3°. The mean Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) was 80, and the mean Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (Q-DASH) score was 27. Conclusion Spanning the elbow temporarily with a plate in adjunct to standard ORIF technique is both simple and effective in achieving fracture stability and union and minimizes failure rates after fixation of comminuted, very distal fractures, osteoporotic cases, or revision fixation cases with bone loss. Level of evidence Level IV, Therapeutic study


Author(s):  
Simranpreet Singh ◽  
Mudasser Arif ◽  
Sanjeev Gupta

Background: Distal humerus fractures are commonly encountered in the orthopedic emergency. The goals in the treatment of these fractures are aimed at perfect anatomical reduction which could be obtained by open reduction and internal fixation.Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted from July 2019 to December 2020 in Government Medical College, Jammu on 35 patients with AO type C distal humerus fractures. Functional outcomes were recorded and evaluated at end of 6 months using mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) score. 3 patients were lost in the follow up and were not included in the study.Results: 32 patients in the age group 20-65 years were included in the study with a mean age of 42.5 years. Males outnumbered females in ratio of 3:1. Patients undergoing olecranon osteotomy for fixation of distal humerus fractures had mean elbow flexion (121±8.3), loss of elbow extension (10.3±4.2). The functional outcome was made using MEPS score with a mean of 84±8.4 at final follow up.Conclusions: In this study we concluded that olecranon osteotomy approach provided better outcome. Intraarticular distal humerus fractures was better visualized with olecranon osteotomy approach and allowed early mobilization.


Author(s):  
Petro Bilinskyi

Treatment of distal humerus fractures is a complex problem in traumatology. The result of treatment depends on the choice of fixator according to the fracture area. Objective. To improve the techno­logy of treatment in patients with complicated distal humerus fractures with fixators of small contact and multiplanar osteosynthesis and to evaluate its efficacy. Methods. 39 patients were treated for the period 2000–2020 with distal humerus nonunion (types 12-B1, 12-C1, 12-C2) and 23 patients with complicated above- and transcondylar humerus fractures (types 13-A2, 13-C1, 13-C2). Fixation of bone fragments of the distal humerus was made with device for fixation (Patent 17502 UA). It is a shaped plate with a groove on which half rings with threaded holes are stabilized. For the osteosynthesis of above- and transcondylar humerus fractures we used V-shaped plate with the possibility to regulate branch spreading width as for the condylar size (Patent 33358 UA). Autografting was performed as for necessity. Results. Plate osteosynthesis was performed mainly through anterior approach with minimal tissues traumatization. Release of radial nerve we made as for necessity. This device provides the stable fixation even in a case of short distal fragment. Device for bone fragments fixation was placed on the posterior condylar surface and lower part of the humerus through olecranon osteotomy. Osteosynthesis with suggested device is one of the options with bone autografting and can be method of choice at repeated surgery. Follow-up period was 1–2 years and later. In 60 patients we obtained good results with completed bone union. Conclusions. Suggested device can be used in cases of distal humerus nonunion. It allows to decrease the damage of surgery, to avoid many complications. Key words. Complicated fractures of the distal humerus, devices for limited-contact multiplanar osteosynthesis.


Injury ◽  
2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Cole M. Patrick ◽  
Joshua C. Tadlock ◽  
Leon J. Nesti ◽  
John C. Dunn ◽  
Nata Parnes

2021 ◽  
Vol 35 (5) ◽  
pp. S11-S15
Author(s):  
Ryan Mayer ◽  
Andrew Choo ◽  
David Zuelzer

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Chao Wang ◽  
Yong Zhu ◽  
Haitao Long ◽  
Zhangyuan Lin ◽  
Ruibo Zhao ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Distal humerus fractures (DHFs) constitute one-third of elbow fractures approximately. In this study, we aim to define and analyze the fracture lines and morphological features of DHFs using mapping technique. Methods One hundred and two DHFs were retrospectively reviewed. All the computed tomography (CT) data were used to manually reconstruct and virtually reduce the DHF fragments to fit a standard 3D model. Smooth curves were depicted accurately onto the surface of the template to represent the fracture lines. All the curves were overlapped onto the model to create the 3D fracture map and heat map. Results Our analysis was based on 102 CT images of DHFs, contributed by 59 male and 43 female patients (mean age, 46 years; range, 18-93 years), and included 15 type A, 25 type B, and 62 type C fractures. On mapping, the hot zones were located in the radial fossa, coronoid fossa, olecranon fossa, and the external part of the trochlear. Conversely, the cold zones were noted in medial condyle, the medial side of the trochlear, and the anterolateral area on the supracondylar ridge. Conclusions Our study firstly shows the fracture lines and morphological features of distal humeral fractures by three-dimensional mapping technology. Distal humerus fracture lines are characteristic and highly related to the micro-architecture difference of distal humerus, which may provide some guidance for the treatment plan selection and surgical fixation design.


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