shallow eutrophic lake
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2021 ◽  
Haiyan Wang ◽  
Jun Yang ◽  
Tao Li ◽  
Jianqiang Zhu ◽  
Zhangyong Liu

Abstract Changhu Lake, a large shallow eutrophic lake in central China, experienced an extreme low water level event from November 2015 to January 2016 followed by an extreme high water level event in July 2016. In this study, we examined the effects of two extreme water levels on the nutrient status of Changhu Lake over five years. The nutrient concentrations in Changhu Lake showed significant interannual variations and the water quality of sites in the western part of Changhu Lake was better compared to sites at the outlet of the lake. In late 2015, the effect of low water levels led to a significant increase in nutrient concentrations. After July 2016, however, the high water level occurred leading to a marked decrease in nutrient concentrations. These changes in nutrient parameters were strongly related to the water level fluctuations. The dilution effect was the key process that determined the variations of nutrient parameters in Changhu Lake. As extreme water levels are likely to become more frequent during the twenty-first century, this work may provide some insights into the conservation and management of lake ecosystems in the face of climate change and human activity.

Ryuichiro Shinohara ◽  
Kenji Tsuchiya ◽  
Ayato Kohzu

Abstract We investigated whether recent springtime water temperature increases in a shallow eutrophic lake affected bottom sediment temperature and fluxes of ammonia (NH4+) and phosphate (PO43−) from the sediment. We conducted a lake-wide survey of Lake Kasumigaura, Japan, and analyzed the relationship between water temperature increases in spring and NH4+ and PO43− release fluxes. We also developed a numerical model to analyze how water temperature increase affects sediment temperature. Water temperature in May increased during 2010–2019 at a rate of 1.8–3.2 °C decade−1. The numerical simulation results showed that the water temperature increase was accompanied by a sediment temperature increase from a minimum of 18.3 °C in 2011 to a maximum of 21.6 °C in 2015. Despite the substantial difference in the observed sediment temperature (2.9 °C), no significant differences in NH4+ and PO43− fluxes in May between 2013/2014 and 2015 were found. These results suggest that both water and sediment temperatures are increasing in Lake Kasumigaura in spring, but it is unclear whether this warming has affected NH4+ and PO43− releases from the sediment. However, because a nonlinear response to sediment temperature was observed, future springtime warming may accelerate NH4+ and PO43− releases.

2021 ◽  
Rebecca L. Wetzel ◽  
Amanda R. McCormick ◽  
Joseph S. Phillips ◽  
Anthony R. Ives

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