phase evolution
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2022 ◽  
Vol 642 ◽  
pp. 119962
Ufafa Anggarini ◽  
Hiroki Nagasawa ◽  
Masakoto Kanezashi ◽  
Toshinori Tsuru

2022 ◽  
M Sukumar ◽  
M. Mathankumar ◽  
Chandra Sekhar Dash ◽  
M. Sundararajan ◽  
Mohd Ubaidullah ◽  

Abstract We report the synthesis of multiferroic BiFeO3 perovskite nanoparticles using the microwave combustion technique. Phase evolution is investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), which confirms that the formation of a secondary α-Bi2O3 phase with a monoclinic structure along with the existing rhombohedral (BiFeO3) structure. The average crystalline size has been found at 50 nm. The optical band gap was calculated from the Tauc’s plot it has been found 2.18 eV, as measured by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The appearances of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) absorption bands at 550 and 444 cm-1 were correlated to the rhombohedral stretching modes of bismuth ferrite nanostructure. The morphology observations using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed the formation of nanosized grains with pores. Energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX) was done to confirm the extent of Bi3+, Fe3+, and O2- in the samples. The magnetization-Field (M-H) hysteresis curves recorded from the vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) revealed the appearance of ferrimagnetic behavior at room temperature. The specific surface area characterized by N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm is found 44.86 m2 g-1 using Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) technique. The as-fabricated BiFeO3 perovskite nanoparticles were investigated for their superior catalytic activity in two applications, which include (i) the conversion of glycerol to formic acid in a selective liquid phase batch reactor at atmospheric pressure. This bismuth-based nanoparticles exhibit as an efficient multifunctional catalyst with high conversion and selectivity efficiency around 99.2% and 98.5%, respectively, (ii) the photocatalytic degradation of rhodamine B under visible light irradiation is found maximum efficiency (99.9%), when a small amount of H2O2 was added during photocatalysis, indicating the samples possessed photo-Fenton like catalytic activity. Finally, we concluded that the BiFeO3 perovskite nanoparticles' high performance in future multifunctional devices is demonstrated by the simultaneous enhancement of catalytic and photocatalytic activities.

2022 ◽  
Vol 327 ◽  
pp. 133-139
Wen Ying Qu ◽  
Xiao Gang Hu ◽  
Min Luo ◽  
Qiang Zhu

Spherical morphology is the typical characteristic of the microstructure in semi-solid slurries, while the formation mechanism of these spherical grains is still unclear, especially the migration of the solid-liquid interface under different process conditions. This study will focus on the effect of pouring temperature and swirling on the morphology of grains. A phase field-lattice-Boltzmann method using parallel computing and adaptive mesh refinement (Para-AMR) was employed to study the FCC α-Al phase evolution in binary Al-Si aluminum alloy. Study results represent that the pouring temperature has a significant influence on the morphology of the α-Al grains. Low pouring temperature is a benefit for the formation of spherical microstructures. And the swirling can refine the microstructure under high pouring temperature.

Marquix A. S. Adamson ◽  
Philip Yox ◽  
Thomas Hernandez ◽  
Fei Wang ◽  
Javier Vela

2022 ◽  
Vol 206 ◽  
pp. 114233
Michael Musi ◽  
Benjamin Galy ◽  
Jean-Philippe Monchoux ◽  
Alain Couret ◽  
Helmut Clemens ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 163782
D. Tweddle ◽  
A. Koenig ◽  
P. Nakarmi ◽  
A.M. Leary ◽  
R.D. Noebe ◽  

Svetlana P. Buyakova ◽  
Elena S. Dedova ◽  
Dakun Wang ◽  
Yuriy A. Mirovoy ◽  
Alexander G. Burlachenko ◽  

Crystals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 55
Yupeng Xie ◽  
Ailian Zhu ◽  
Min Chen ◽  
Bing Dai ◽  
Bin Wang ◽  

In this work, coal fly ash, hereinafter CFA is proposed to work as raw material for immobilization of Sr-contaminated soil by microwave sintering in the path towards resource utilization of solid waste. The immobilization mechanism and performance was systemically investigated through phase evolution, microstructure, elemental distribution, and physical properties. The results shown that the Sr could be incorporated into feldspar strontian (SrAl2Si2O8) at 1300 °C for 30 min. Moreover, the maximum solid solubility of SrSO4 was more than 30 wt.%. The Sr was homogeneously distributed in the sintered matrices without substantial enrichment. The sintered matrix exhibited high density (2.53 g/cm3). Thus, microwave heating coupled with CFA could provide a new method for immobilization of Sr-contaminated soil in case of the spent nuclear reprocessing cycle in nuclear power plants or a nuclear accident emergency.

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