reliability assessment
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 142 ◽  
pp. 104567
Xuzheng Chai ◽  
Árpád Rózsás ◽  
Arthur Slobbe ◽  
Ana Teixeira

Structures ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 36 ◽  
pp. 473-481
Calvin Smith ◽  
Blair Hill ◽  
Greg Wheatley ◽  
Reza Masoudi Nejad ◽  
Nima Sina

Feipeng Wang ◽  
Diana Filipa Araújo ◽  
Yan-Fu Li

The recent social trends and accelerated technological progress culminated in the development of autonomous vehicles (AVs). Reliability assessment for AV systems is in high demand before its market launch. In safety-critical systems (SCSs) such as AV systems, the reliability concept should be broadened to consider more safety-related issues. In this paper, reliability is defined as the probability that the system performs satisfactorily for a given period of time under stated conditions. This paper proposes a reliability assessment framework of AV, consisting of three main stages: (i) modeling the safety control structure through the Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Processes (STAMP); (ii) mapping the control structure and functional relationships to a directed acyclic graph (DAG); and (iii) construct a Bayesian network (BN) on DAG to assess the system reliability. The fully automated (level 5) vehicle system is shown as a numeric example to illustrate how this suggested framework works. A brief discussion on involving human factors in systems to analyze lower levels of automated vehicles is also included, demonstrating the need for further research on real case studies.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 624
Ji-Hyeon Kim ◽  
Yeun-Chul Park ◽  
Mancheol Kim ◽  
Hyoung-Bo Sim

Tension clamps play an important role in maintaining the track gauge by fixing the rails to the sleepers. Damage to the tension clamps was observed on an urban railway. The cause of the fracturing of the tension clamps was identified and reliability analyses on the fatigue failure of the tension clamps were performed. The stress ranges were estimated by measuring the strain at the locations where most of the fractures occurred during train operation. Afterward, a statistical model of the stress ranges was developed using the measured data. The statistical parameters of the stress ranges for the reliability analysis were estimated based on the field measurement data. The reliability indexes were calculated for the inner and outer rails and for the inside and outside track gauges of each rail. The variations of the reliability index for the years in service and the number of cycles were investigated. The results of the reliability analyses showed a consistency with the field observations.

2022 ◽  
Xinzhi Teng ◽  
Jiang Zhang ◽  
Alex Zwanenburg ◽  
Jiachen Sun ◽  
Yu-hua Huang ◽  

Abstract Radiomic model reliability is a central premise for its clinical translation. Presently, it is assessed using test-retest or external data, which, unfortunately, is often scarce in reality. Therefore, we aimed to develop a novel image perturbation-based method (IPBM) for the first of its kind toward building a reliable radiomic model. We first developed a radiomic prognostic model for head-and-neck cancer patients on a training (70%) and evaluated on a testing (30%) cohort using C-index. Subsequently, we applied the IPBM to CT images of both cohorts (Perturbed-Train and Perturbed-Test cohort) to generate 60 additional samples for both cohorts. Model reliability was assessed using intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) to quantify consistency of the C-index among the 60 samples in the Perturbed-Train and Perturbed-Test cohorts. Besides, we re-trained the radiomic model using reliable RFs exclusively (ICC>0.75) to validate the IPBM. Results showed moderate model reliability in Perturbed-Train (ICC:0.565, 95%CI:0.518-0.615) and Perturbed-Test (ICC:0.596, 95%CI:0.527-0.670) cohorts. An enhanced reliability of the re-trained model was observed in Perturbed-Train (ICC:0.782, 95%CI:0.759-0.815) and Perturbed-Test (ICC:0.825, 95%CI:0.782-0.867) cohorts, indicating validity of the IPBM. To conclude, we demonstated capability of the IPBM toward building reliable radiomic models, providing community with a novel model reliability assessment strategy prior to prospective evaluation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 188 ◽  
pp. 107036
Omid Khandel ◽  
Mohammad F. Tamimi ◽  
Mohamed Soliman ◽  
Bruce W. Russell ◽  
Christopher D. Waite

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document