acute graft
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2022 ◽  
pp. 106002802110681
Author(s):  
Rémi Tilmont ◽  
Ibrahim Yakoub-Agha ◽  
Nassima Ramdane ◽  
Micha Srour ◽  
Valérie Coiteux ◽  
...  

Background Defibrotide is indicated for patients who develop severe sinusoidal obstructive syndrome following allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). Preclinical data suggested that defibrotide carries a prophylactic effect against acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). Objective The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of defibrotide on the incidence and severity of aGVHD. Methods This single-center retrospective study included all consecutive transplanted patients between January 2014 and December 2018. A propensity score based on 10 predefined confounders was used to estimate the effect of defibrotide on aGVHD via inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW). Results Of the 482 included patients, 64 received defibrotide (defibrotide group) and 418 did not (control group). Regarding main patient characteristics and transplantation modalities, the two groups were comparable, except for a predominance of men in the defibrotide group. The median age was 55 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 40-62). Patients received allo-HCT from HLA-matched related donor (28.6%), HLA-matched unrelated donor (50.8%), haplo-identical donor (13.4%), or mismatched unrelated donor (7.0%). Stem cell source was either bone marrow (49.6%) or peripheral blood (50.4%). After using IPTW, exposure to defibrotide was not significantly associated with occurrence of aGVHD (HR = 0.97; 95% CI 0.62-1.52; P = .9) or occurrence of severe aGVHD (HR = 1.89, 95% CI: 0.98-3.66; P = .058). Conclusion and Relevance Defibrotide does not seem to have a protective effect on aGVHD in patients undergoing allo-HCT. Based on what has been reported to date and on these results, defibrotide should not be considered for the prevention of aGVHD outside clinical trials.


2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Author(s):  
Matthias Wölfl ◽  
Muna Qayed ◽  
Maria Isabel Benitez Carabante ◽  
Tomas Sykora ◽  
Halvard Bonig ◽  
...  

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) continues to be a leading cause of morbidity and mortality following allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, higher event-free survival (EFS) was observed in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and grade II aGvHD vs. patients with no or grade I GvHD in the randomised, controlled, open-label, international, multicentre Phase III For Omitting Radiation Under Majority age (FORUM) trial. This finding suggests that moderate-severity aGvHD is associated with a graft-versus-leukaemia effect which protects against leukaemia recurrence. In order to optimise the benefits of HSCT for leukaemia patients, reduction of non-relapse mortality—which is predominantly caused by severe GvHD—is of utmost importance. Herein, we review contemporary prophylaxis and treatment options for aGvHD in children with ALL and the key challenges of aGvHD management, focusing on maintaining the graft-versus-leukaemia effect without increasing the severity of GvHD.


2022 ◽  
pp. 259-274
Author(s):  
Rajesh Fogla ◽  
Deepak Soni

Author(s):  
Rômulo Gonçalves Galvani ◽  
Suelen Martins Perobelli ◽  
Triciana Gonçalves-Silva ◽  
Pedro Henrique Oliveira Vianna ◽  
Cecília B. Cavazzoni ◽  
...  

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