cardiac intensive care
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Heart & Lung ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 52 ◽  
pp. 48-51
Sarah K. Adie ◽  
Amy N. Thompson ◽  
Matthew C. Konerman ◽  
Michael J. Shea ◽  
Michael P. Thomas ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 31 (1) ◽  
pp. 13-23
Alyssa E. Erikson ◽  
Kathleen A. Puntillo ◽  
Jennifer L. McAdam

Background Losing a loved one in the intensive care unit is associated with complicated grief and increased psychologic distress for families. Providing bereavement support may help families during this time. However, little is known about the bereavement experiences of families of patients in the cardiac intensive care unit. Objective To describe the bereavement experiences of families of patients in the cardiac intensive care unit. Methods In this secondary analysis, an exploratory, descriptive design was used to understand the families’ bereavement experiences. Families from 1 cardiac intensive care unit in a tertiary medical center in the western United States participated. Audiotaped telephone interviews were conducted by using a semistructured interview guide 13 to 15 months after the patient’s death. A qualitative, descriptive technique was used for data analysis. Two independent researchers coded the interview transcripts and identified themes. Results Twelve family members were interviewed. The majority were female (n = 8, 67%), spouses (n = 10, 83%), and White (n = 10, 83%); the mean age (SD) was 58.4 (16.7) years. Five main themes emerged: (1) families’ bereavement work included both practical tasks and emotional processing; (2) families’ bereavement experiences were individual; (3) these families were resilient and found their own resources and coping mechanisms; (4) the suddenness of a patient’s death influenced families’ bereavement experiences; and (5) families’ experiences in the intensive care unit affected their bereavement. Conclusions This study provided insight into the bereavement experiences of families of patients in the cardiac intensive care unit. These findings may be useful for professionals working with bereaved families and for cardiac intensive care units considering adding bereavement support.

Abdelrahman M. Ahmed ◽  
Meir Tabi ◽  
Brandon M. Wiley ◽  
Saraschandra Vallabhajosyula ◽  
Gregory W. Barsness ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 50 (1) ◽  
pp. 189-189
Qalab abbas ◽  
Muhammad Zaid Hussain ◽  
Fatima Shahbaz ◽  
Naveed Ur Siddiqui ◽  
Babar Hasan

2021 ◽  
Nadia Roumeliotis ◽  
Eleanor Pullenayegum ◽  
Anna Taddio ◽  
Paula Rochon ◽  
Chris Parshuram

Abstract ObjectivesDrug-associated harm is common but difficult to detect in the hospital setting. In critically ill children, we sought to evaluate drug-associated hepatic injury following enteral acetaminophen error; defined as acetaminophen dosing that exceeds daily maximum recommendations.DesignRetrospective cohort study.SettingTwo pediatric intensive care units within a pediatric hospital center.PatientsChildren (<18 years of age) admitted to the pediatric and cardiac intensive care unit between January 2008 and January 2018, and receiving enteral acetaminophen. We defined acetaminophen dosing error as exceeding daily acetaminophen dosing by > 10% the upper limit of maximum recommended dose for weight and age (>82.5mg/kg/day or > 4400mg/day).Main ResultsWe included 14,146 admissions, who received 147,485 doses of acetaminophen. Acetaminophen dosing errors occurred 1 in every 9.5 patient-days on acetaminophen. ALT and AST decreased significantly over the course of ICU admission (p<0.0001). In patients with acetaminophen errors, ALT and AST measured in the 24 to 96 hours post error were not significantly different than when measured outside this window. A sensitivity analysis using >100 mg/kg/day as the upper daily acetaminophen error cut-off did not reveal any subsequent significant increase in ALT or ALT in the 24 to 96-hour post-error window, compared to measurements taken outside the window.ConclusionsAlthough the administration of acetaminophen in critically ill children frequently exceeds the daily recommended limit and vigilance is needed, we did not find any associated increase in liver transaminases following acetaminophen errors.

2021 ◽  
pp. 088506662110668
Andrew M. Koth ◽  
Titus Chan ◽  
Yuen Lie Tjoeng ◽  
R. Scott Watson ◽  
Leslie A. Dervan

Objective Delirium is an increasingly recognized hospital complication associated with poorer outcomes in critically ill children. We aimed to evaluate risk factors for screening positive for delirium in children admitted to a pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) and to examine the association between duration of positive screening and in-hospital outcomes. Study design Retrospective cohort study in a single-center quaternary pediatric hospital CICU evaluating children admitted from March 2014-October 2016 and screened for delirium using the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium. Statistical analysis used multivariable logistic and linear regression. Results Among 942 patients with screening data (98% of all admissions), 67% of patients screened positive for delirium. On univariate analysis, screening positive was associated with younger age, single ventricle anatomy, duration of mechanical ventilation, continuous renal replacement therapy, extracorporeal life support, and surgical complexity, as well as higher average total daily doses of benzodiazepines, opioids, and dexmedetomidine. On multivariable analysis, screening positive for delirium was independently associated with age <2 years, duration of mechanical ventilation, and greater than the median daily doses of benzodiazepine and opioid. In addition to these factors, duration of screening positive was also independently associated with higher STAT category (3-5) or medical admission, organ failure, acute kidney injury (AKI), and higher dexmedetomidine exposure. Duration of positive delirium screening was associated with both increased CICU and hospital length of stay (each additional day of positive screening was associated with a 3% longer CICU stay [95% CI = 1%-6%] and 2% longer hospital stay [95% CI = 0%-4%]). Conclusions Screening positive for delirium is common in the pediatric CICU and is independently associated with prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital stay. Longer duration of mechanical ventilation and higher sedative doses are independent risk factors for screening positive for delirium. Efforts aimed at reducing these exposures may decrease the burden of delirium in this population.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-5
Alvaro D. Garcia ◽  
Wei Liu ◽  
William J. Hanna ◽  
Hemant Agarwal

Abstract Objectives: To describe the association between successful weaning of inhaled nitric oxide and trends in dead space ratio during such weans in patients empirically initiated on nitric oxide therapy out of concern of pulmonary hypertensive crisis. Patients: Children in a cardiac intensive care unit initiated on inhaled nitric oxide out of clinical concern for pulmonary hypertensive crisis retrospectively over 2 years. Measurements and Main Results: Twenty-seven patients were included, and nitric oxide was successfully discontinued in 23/27. These patients exhibited decreases in dead space ratio (0.18 versus 0.11, p = 0.047) during nitric oxide weaning, and with no changes in dead space ratio between pre- and post-nitric oxide initiation (p = 0.88) and discontinuation (p = 0.63) phases. These successful patients had a median age of 10 months [4.0, 57.0] and had a pre-existent diagnosis of CHD in 6/23 and pulmonary hypertension in 2/23. Those who failed nitric oxide discontinuation trended with a higher dead space ratio at presentation (0.24 versus 0.10), were more likely to carry a prior diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension (50% versus 8.7%), and had longer mechanical ventilation days (5 versus 12). Conclusions: Patients empirically placed on nitric oxide out of concern of pulmonary hypertensive crisis and successfully weaned off showed unchanged or decreased dead space ratio throughout the initiation to discontinuation phases of nitric oxide therapy. Trends in dead space ratio may aid in determining true need for nitric oxide and facilitate effective weaning. Further studies are needed to directly compare trends between success and failure groups.

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