hydrothermal method
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2022 ◽  
Vol 120 (2) ◽  
pp. 022903
Yoshiharu Ito ◽  
Akinori Tateyama ◽  
Rurika Kubota ◽  
Takahisa Shiraishi ◽  
Takao Shimizu ◽  

Sylwia Ryszczyńska ◽  
Tomasz Grzyb

Abstract Recently, the up-converting (UC) materials, containing lanthanide (Ln3+) ions have attracted considerable attention because of the multitude of their potential applications. The most frequently investigated are UC systems based on the absorption of near-infrared (NIR) radiation by Yb3+ ions at around 975-980 nm and emission of co-dopants, usually Ho3+, Er3+ or Tm3+ ions. UC can be observed also upon excitation with irradiation with a wavelength different than 975-980 nm. The most often studied systems capable of UC without the use of Yb3+ ion are those based on the properties of Er3+ ions, which show luminescence resulting from the excitation at 808 or 1532 nm. However, also other Ln3+ ions are worth attention. Herein, we focus on the investigation of the UC phenomenon in the materials doped with Ho3+ ions, which reveal unique optical properties upon the NIR irradiation. The SrF2 NPs doped with Ho3+ ions in concentrations from 4.9% to 22.5%, were synthesized by using the hydrothermal method. The structural and optical characteristics of the obtained SrF2:Ho3+ NPs are presented. The prepared samples had crystalline structure, were built of NPs of round shapes and their sizes ranged from 16.4 to 82.3 nm. The NPs formed stable colloids in water. Under 1156 nm excitation, SrF2:Ho3+ NPs showed intense UC emission, wherein the brightest luminescence was recorded for the SrF2:10.0%Ho3+ compound. The analysis of the measured lifetime profiles and dependencies of the integral luminescence intensities on the laser energy allowed proposing the mechanism, responsible for the observed UC emission. It is worth mentioning that the described SrF2:Ho3+ samples are one of the first materials for which the UC luminescence induced by 1156 nm excitation was obtained.

2022 ◽  
Jianmin Zhu ◽  
Lishuang Xu ◽  
Shuai Zhang ◽  
Ying Yang ◽  
Licheng Huang ◽  

One-step hydrothermal method to synthesize a stable ZnCo2(OH)F nanorod array structure supported by nickel foam.

2022 ◽  
Zhaoxia Shi ◽  
Jinxiu Ma ◽  
Feng Li ◽  
Taohai Li

Nearly monodisperse Dy2Sn2O7 material have been prepared via one-step hydrothermal method by changing the pH of the reaction solution. The nanoparticles were used for sonocatalytic degradation of Acid blue (AB)...

2022 ◽  
Shuyao Liu ◽  
Zhuoling Zhong ◽  
Chuanwei Zhang ◽  
Xiaoping Xu ◽  
Chunmei Fu ◽  

As a nano-material, carbon dots have been studied extensively and applied in many ways. Herein, an iron-doped orange emissive ICDs was easily synthesized by hydrothermal method, coupled Trf and GOD...

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