curie temperature
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2022 ◽  
Vol 141 ◽  
pp. 107428
Sajjad Ur Rehman ◽  
Haihua Liu ◽  
Shuwei Zhong ◽  
Hui Liang ◽  
Renhui Liu ◽  

Jagadish Kumar Galivarapu ◽  
Ashika Jose ◽  
Erappanal Padmanabhan Jinu ◽  
Thirumalainaidu Thiagarajan Saravanan ◽  
Senthil Kumar Eswaran ◽  

Abstract We report on observation of Griffiths phase, high magnetocaloric properties at low magnetic fields and temperature dependent critical exponents of La0.7Sr0.3VxMn1-xO3 (x=0, 0.05 & 0.1) perovskite bulk materials. The Curie temperature (TC) of pure La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 is seen to be 368.7 K and decreases towards room temperature (342.2 K) by 10 mol% vanadium doping at the Mn site. Vanadium doping leads to enhancement in magnetic entropy change (-SM) from 1 Jkg-1K-1to 1.41 Jkg-1K-1. Vanadium doping at Mn site leads to the formation of Griffiths phase, a magnetic disorder due to the co-existence of paramagnetic matrix and short range ferromagnetic clusters. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis confirm the presence of mixed valance V4+/V5+along with Mn3+/ Mn4+ ions contributing to various double exchange interactions. Nature of phase transitions and magnetic interactions are analyzed by evaluating critical exponents and. All the samples show second-order ferromagnetic (FM) to paramagnetic (PM) phase transition, confirmed from the modified Arrott’s plots and critical exponent analysis carried out using Kouvel-Fisher method. Enhancement in magnetic entropy change along with the decrease in Curie temperature towards room temperature by vanadium doping in the La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 oxides indicates the possible application of these materials for the magnetic refrigeration at low magnetic fields.

2022 ◽  
Vol 120 (2) ◽  
pp. 022903
Yoshiharu Ito ◽  
Akinori Tateyama ◽  
Rurika Kubota ◽  
Takahisa Shiraishi ◽  
Takao Shimizu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Yilun Gu ◽  
Rufei Zhang ◽  
Haojie Zhang ◽  
Licheng Fu ◽  
Guoxiang Zhi ◽  

A new diluted magnetic semiconductor (Sr, Na)(Zn, Mn)2Sb2 has been successfully synthesized by doping Na and Mn into the parent compound SrZn 2 Sb 2 , which has a CaAl 2 Si 2 -type crystal structure (space group P 3 ¯ m 1 , No. 164, h P 5 ) isostructural to the 122-type iron-based superconductor CaFe 2 As 2 . No magnetic ordering has been observed when only spins are doped by (Zn, Mn) substitution. Only with carriers codoped by (Sr, Na) substitution, a ferromagnetic ordering occurs below the maximum Curie temperature T C ∼9.5 K. Comparing with other CaAl 2 Si 2 -type diluted magnetic semiconductors, we will show that negative chemical pressure suppresses the Curie temperature.

Mykhailo Chundak ◽  
Claude Poleunis ◽  
Vincent Delmez ◽  
Alain M. Jonas ◽  
Arnaud Delcorte

Yue Li ◽  
Shoubing Ding ◽  
Yiying Luo ◽  
Peng Yu ◽  
Yuting Cui ◽  

Room temperature intrinsic diluted ferromagnetic semiconductor (DMS) is highly desirable for application in spintronics. Here we report room temperature ferromagnetism in Li1.04(Cd1-xMnx)As . A Curie temperature of 318 K has...

Nanoscale ◽  
2022 ◽  
Hailong Lin ◽  
Faguang Yan ◽  
Ce Hu ◽  
Yuanhui Zheng ◽  
Yu Sheng ◽  

Among the numerous two-dimensional van der Waals (vdW) magnetic materials, Fe3GeTe2 (FGT), due to its outstanding properties such as metallicity, high Curie temperature and strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy, quickly emerged...

2021 ◽  
Santhosh Kumar M V ◽  
A. Alhadhrami ◽  
Shankaramurthy G J ◽  
M G Thriveni ◽  
B.M. Prasanna

Abstract Nanoparticles of Ni1-xZnxCe0.1Fe1.9O4 ferrite substituted with Zn2+ ion concentrations (0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8 & 1.0) have been synthesised via aqueous citrate precursor auto combustion method. The obtained Powder X-ray diffraction data suggests a good crystalline phase; the crystallite size exists in the range of 14~38 nm. The lattice constant of samples increases with Zn2+ concentration. It validates Vegard's law and the decreasing trends in porosity of the samples are identified. The inhomogeneity in the grains was confirmed from FE-SEM. The EDS spectrogram attributes the good stoichiometry in the product. The Thermogravimetric analysis reveals that the crystallization occurred within the temperature 800˚C. The high-temperature DC conductivity of the samples shows that NTC behaviour. The Curie temperature and activation energy are estimated and the activation energy of carriers are found to be more at the paramagnetic region. The magnetic saturation ('Ms*') has maximum for Zn2+ = 0.2 (57.7 emu/g) and coercive field (Hc) related with a radius of occupancy of Zn2+ ion validates the relation Hc∝1/r and also, the value of the remanence ratio suggests that isotropic magnetization took place in the heterogeneous material.

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