Near Infrared
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2021 ◽  
Vol 190 ◽  
pp. 106431
Author(s):  
Jingru Yang ◽  
Jin Wang ◽  
Guodong Lu ◽  
Shaomei Fei ◽  
Ting Yan ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yang Yu ◽  
Lin Xiang ◽  
Yuping Bai ◽  
Ewetse Paul Maswikiti ◽  
Baohong Gu ◽  
...  

Surgery is the mainstay of treatment for resectable gallbladder cancer. Near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF) imaging using ICG is an innovation in laparoscopic surgery, which can provide real-time navigation during the whole operation. In this article, we present a 56-year older woman with gallbladder cancer, in which we evaluated the applicability of NIRF imaging using ICG for tumor and biliary tree visualization during the operative procedure of gallbladder cancer. The tumor and biliary tree were clearly visualized by utilizing a green fluorescence dye. The patient was successfully operated radical resection of gallbladder cancer under fluorescence laparoscope, without any complications. According to this case, the utilization of ICG based NIRF imaging is feasible and beneficial in identifying tumors and the biliary tree during radical resection. It can assist in the achievement of a negative margin and lymphatic clearance around the biliary tree. However, further studies are needed to corroborate the results of this case.


2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Irsa Ejaz ◽  
Siyang He ◽  
Wei Li ◽  
Naiyue Hu ◽  
Chaochen Tang ◽  
...  

Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) is a non-destructive, fast, and low-cost method to measure the grain quality of different cereals. However, the feasibility for determining the critical biochemicals, related to the classifications for food, feed, and fuel products are not adequately investigated. Fourier-transform (FT) NIR was applied in this study to determine the eight biochemicals in four types of sorghum samples: hulled grain flours, hull-less grain flours, whole grains, and grain flours. A total of 20 hybrids of sorghum grains were selected from the two locations in China. Followed by FT-NIR spectral and wet-chemically measured biochemical data, partial least squares regression (PLSR) was used to construct the prediction models. The results showed that sorghum grain morphology and sample format affected the prediction of biochemicals. Using NIR data of grain flours generally improved the prediction compared with the use of NIR data of whole grains. In addition, using the spectra of whole grains enabled comparable predictions, which are recommended when a non-destructive and rapid analysis is required. Compared with the hulled grain flours, hull-less grain flours allowed for improved predictions for tannin, cellulose, and hemicellulose using NIR data. This study aimed to provide a reference for the evaluation of sorghum grain biochemicals for food, feed, and fuel without destruction and complex chemical analysis.


2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Yuci Wang ◽  
Kai Jiang ◽  
Jiaren Du ◽  
Licheng Zheng ◽  
Yike Li ◽  
...  

AbstractNear-infrared (NIR), particularly NIR-containing dual-/multi-mode afterglow, is very attractive in many fields of application, but it is still a great challenge to achieve such property of materials. Herein, we report a facile method to prepare green and NIR dual-mode afterglow of carbon dots (CDs) through in situ embedding o-CDs (being prepared from o-phenylenediamine) into cyanuric acid (CA) matrix (named [email protected]). Further studies reveal that the green and NIR afterglows of [email protected] originate from thermal activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) of o-CDs, respectively. In addition, the formation of covalent bonds between o-CDs and CA, and the presence of multiple fixation and rigid effects to the triplet states of o-CDs are confirmed to be critical for activating the observed dual-mode afterglow. Due to the shorter lifetime and insensitiveness to human vision of the NIR RTP of [email protected], it is completely covered by the green TADF during directly observing. The NIR RTP signal, however, can be readily captured if an optical filter (cut-off wavelength of 600 nm) being used. By utilizing these unique features, the applications of [email protected] in anti-counterfeiting and information encryption have been demonstrated with great confidentiality. Finally, the as-developed method was confirmed to be applicable to many other kinds of CDs for achieving or enhancing their afterglow performances.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Austin Bailey ◽  
Arundhati Deshmukh ◽  
Timothy Atallah ◽  
Ulugbek Barotov ◽  
Monica Pengshung ◽  
...  

Developing improved organic infrared emitters has wide-ranging applicability in fields such as bioimaging or energy harvesting. We synthesize redshifted analogues of C8S3, a well-known cyanine dye that self assembles into tubular aggregates which have attracted widespread attention as artificial photosynthetic complexes. Despite the elongated dye structure, the new pentamethine dyes retain their tubular self-assembly and emit at near-infrared wavelengths. Cryo-electron microscopy and detailed photophysical characterization of the new aggregates reveal similar absorption lineshapes with ~100 nm of redshift, as well as supramolecular morphologies that resemble their trimethine counterparts; the pentamethine aggregates generally show more disorder and decreased superradiance, suggesting that more ordered structures yield more robust photophysical properties. These results provide design principles of superradiant organic emitters, expand the chemical space of near-infrared aggregates, and introduce two additional wavelength-specific antennae as model systems for study.


Author(s):  
Ying Zhong ◽  
Naveen Kumar Bejjanki ◽  
Xiangwan Miao ◽  
Huanhuan Weng ◽  
Quanming Li ◽  
...  

Chemotherapy for the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is usually associated with many side effects; therefore, its treatment options have not yet been completely resolved. Improving distribution to the targeted tumor region and enhancing the cellular uptake of drugs can efficiently alleviate the above adverse medical effects. Near-infrared (NIR) laser light-mediated photothermal therapy (PTT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) are promising strategies for cancer treatment. In the present study, we developed an efficient multifunctional nanocluster with enhanced targeting and aggregation efficiency for PTT and PDT that is composed of a biocompatible folic acid (FA), indocyanine green (ICG) and 2-cyanobenzothiazole (CBT)-functionalized peptide labeled with an aldehyde sodium alginate-modified magnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (ASA-MNP)-based nanocarrier. FA can bind to folate receptors on cancer cell membranes to enhance nanocluster uptake. CBT-modified peptide can react with glutathione (GSH), which is typically present at higher levels in cancer cells, to form intracellular aggregates and increase the local concentration of the nanodrug. In in vitro studies, these nanodrugs displayed the desired uptake capacity by NPC cells and the ability to suppress the growth of cancer cells under laser irradiation. Animal studies validated that these nanodrugs are safe and nontoxic, efficiently accumulate in NPC tumor sites following injection via the caudal vein, and shows superior inhibition of tumor growth in a tumor-bearing mouse model upon near-infrared laser irradiation. The results indicate the potential application of the multifunctional nanoparticles (NPs), which can be used as a new method for the treatment of folate receptor-positive NPC.


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