iron proteins
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2021 ◽  
Shiliang Tian ◽  
Ruixi Fan ◽  
Therese Albert ◽  
Rahul L. Khade ◽  
Huiguang Dai ◽  

Mononitrosyl and dinitrosyl iron species, such as {FeNO}7, {FeNO}8 and {Fe(NO)2}9, have been proposed to play pivotal roles in the nitrosylation processes of nonheme iron centers in biological systems. Despite...

JACS Au ◽  
2020 ◽  
Joseph B. Solomon ◽  
Mahtab F. Rasekh ◽  
Caleb J. Hiller ◽  
Chi Chung Lee ◽  
Kazuki Tanifuji ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Lulu Liu ◽  
Xue Feng ◽  
Wei Wang ◽  
Yining Chen ◽  
Zhe Chen ◽  

Ferric uptake regulator (Fur) is a transcriptional regulator playing a central role in iron homeostasis of many bacteria, and Fur inactivation commonly results in pleiotropic phenotypes. In Shewanella oneidensis, a representative of dissimilatory metal-reducing γ-proteobacteria capable of respiring a variety of chemicals as electron acceptors (EAs), Fur loss substantially impairs respiration. However, to date the mechanism underlying the physiological phenomenon remains obscure. This investigation reveals that Fur loss compromises activity of iron proteins requiring biosynthetic processes for their iron cofactors, heme in particular. We then show that S. oneidensis Fur is critical for maintaining heme homeostasis by affecting both its biosynthesis and decomposition of the molecule. Intriguingly, the abundance of iron-containing proteins controlled by H2O2-responding regulator OxyR increases in the fur mutant because the Fur loss activates OxyR. By comparing suppression of membrane-impermeable, membrane-permeable, and intracellular-only iron chelators on heme deficiency and elevated H2O2 resistance, our data suggest that the elevation of the free iron content by the Fur loss is likely to be the predominant factor for the Fur physiology. Overall, these results provide circumstantial evidence that Fur inactivation disturbs bacterial iron homeostasis by altering transcription of its regulon members, through which many physiological processes, such as respiration and oxidative stress response, are transformed.

2020 ◽  
Vol 6 (4) ◽  
pp. 221
Aparecido Ferreira de Souza ◽  
Marcella Silva de Paula ◽  
Raisa Melo Lima ◽  
Marielle Garcia Silva ◽  
Juliana Santana de Curcio ◽  

Paracoccidioides is a genus of thermodimorphic fungi that causes paracoccidioidomycosis. When in the host, the fungus undergoes several challenges, including iron deprivation imposed by nutritional immunity. In response to the iron deprivation triggered by the host, the fungus responds in a ternary manner using mechanisms of high affinity and specificity for the uptake of Fe, namely non-classical reductive iron uptake pathway, uptake of host iron proteins, and biosynthesis and uptake of siderophores. This triple response resembles the rhythmic structure of a waltz, which features three beats per compass. Using this connotation, we have constructed this review summarizing relevant findings in this area of study and pointing out new discoveries and perspectives that may contribute to the expansion of this “little iron waltz”.

2020 ◽  
Vol 59 (9) ◽  
pp. 6000-6009
Kelsey R. Miller ◽  
Jonathan D. Paretsky ◽  
Alec H. Follmer ◽  
Tillmann Heinisch ◽  
Kaustuv Mittra ◽  

2020 ◽  
Vol 367 (2) ◽  
Snehal Nariya ◽  
Marina G Kalyuzhnaya

ABSTRACT Numerous hemerythrins, di-iron proteins, have been identified in prokaryote genomes, but in most cases their function remains elusive. Bacterial hemerythrin homologs (bacteriohemerythrins, Bhrs) may contribute to various cellular functions, including oxygen sensing, metal binding and antibiotic resistance. It has been proposed that methanotrophic Bhrs support methane oxidation by supplying oxygen to a core enzyme, particulate methane monooxygenase. In this study, the consequences of the overexpression or deletion of the Bhr gene (bhr) in Methylomicrobiam alcaliphillum 20ZR were investigated. We found that the bhrknockout (20ZRΔbhr) displays growth kinetics and methane consumption rates similar to wild type. However, the 20ZRΔbhr accumulates elevated concentrations of acetate at aerobic conditions, indicating slowed respiration. The methanotrophic strain overproducing Bhr shows increased oxygen consumption and reduced carbon-conversion efficiency, while its methane consumption rates remain unchanged. These results suggest that the methanotrophic Bhr proteins specifically contribute to oxygen-dependent respiration, while they have minimal, if any, input of oxygen for the methane oxidation machinery.

2019 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 27 ◽  
Sonia Levi ◽  
Valeria Tiranti

Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) is a set of neurodegenerative disorders, which includes very rare monogenetic diseases. They are heterogeneous in regard to the onset and the clinical symptoms, while the have in common a specific brain iron deposition in the region of the basal ganglia that can be visualized by radiological and histopathological examinations. Nowadays, 15 genes have been identified as causative for NBIA, of which only two code for iron-proteins, while all the other causative genes codify for proteins not involved in iron management. Thus, how iron participates to the pathogenetic mechanism of most NBIA remains unclear, essentially for the lack of experimental models that fully recapitulate the human phenotype. In this review we reported the recent data on new models of these disorders aimed at highlight the still scarce knowledge of the pathogenesis of iron deposition.

Metallomics ◽  
2018 ◽  
Vol 10 (9) ◽  
pp. 1223-1231 ◽  
Claudia Andreini ◽  
Valeria Putignano ◽  
Antonio Rosato ◽  
Lucia Banci

In this work we compiled a comprehensive list of all human iron-proteins based on bioinformatics predictions and analyzed their functional roles, distribution within cell compartments and involvement in disease.

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