dna sequencing
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2022 ◽  
Vol 42 (3) ◽  
pp. 370-372
Eunbin Chong ◽  
Hui-Jin Yu ◽  
Tae Yeul Kim ◽  
Keon Hee Yoo ◽  
Yae-Jean Kim ◽  

Taxonomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 48-56
D. Wilson Freshwater ◽  
Bo Williamson ◽  
Paul W. Gabrielson ◽  
Margarita Brandt

DNA sequencing of the plastid encoded rbcL gene supported by morpho-anatomical features reveals Gracilaria parva sp. nov. from Panama and Ecuador in the tropical eastern Pacific Ocean. In the rbcL phylogram, G. parva occurs in a clade sister to the western Atlantic species G. galatensis. Morphologically and anatomically, G. parva is distinguished from two similar, described tropical eastern Pacific species, G. brevis and G. veleroae by its small size, to 2.5 cm tall with branch widths mostly <2 mm occasionally to 4 mm, and by its two to three cell layered cortex. Gracilaria brevis and G. veleroae are taller, have wider branches, and a one cell layered cortex. DNA sequencing is needed to resolve the many diminutive species in the tropical eastern Pacific, particularly those occurring in turf communities. DNA sequencing of historical type specimens from the 19th and 20th centuries is also needed to correctly apply names in this region.

BMC Genomics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Guoshun Xu ◽  
Liwen Zhang ◽  
Xiaoqing Liu ◽  
Feifei Guan ◽  
Yuquan Xu ◽  

Abstract Background Advances in DNA sequencing technologies have transformed our capacity to perform life science research, decipher the dynamics of complex soil microbial communities and exploit them for plant disease management. However, soil is a complex conglomerate, which makes functional metagenomics studies very challenging. Results Metagenomes were assembled by long-read (PacBio, PB), short-read (Illumina, IL), and mixture of PB and IL (PI) sequencing of soil DNA samples were compared. Ortholog analyses and functional annotation revealed that the PI approach significantly increased the contig length of the metagenomic sequences compared to IL and enlarged the gene pool compared to PB. The PI approach also offered comparable or higher species abundance than either PB or IL alone, and showed significant advantages for studying natural product biosynthetic genes in the soil microbiomes. Conclusion Our results provide an effective strategy for combining long and short-read DNA sequencing data to explore and distill the maximum information out of soil metagenomics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 64
Ming-Tse Kuo ◽  
Shiuh-Liang Hsu ◽  
Huey-Ling You ◽  
Shu-Fang Kuo ◽  
Po-Chiung Fang ◽  

Fungal keratitis (FK) is one of the most common microbial keratitis, which often leads to poor prognosis as a result of delayed diagnosis. Several studies implied that early differentiation of the two major FK, Fusarium and Aspergillus keratitis, could be helpful in selecting effective anti-fungal regimens. Therefore, a novel dot hybridization array (DHA) was developed to diagnose FK and differentiate Fusarium and Aspergillus keratitis in this study. One hundred forty-six corneal scrapes obtained from one hundred forty-six subjects impressed with clinically suspected FK were used to evaluate the performance of the DHA. Among these patients, 107 (73.3%) patients had actual FK confirmed by culture and DNA sequencing. We found that the DHA had 93.5% sensitivity and 97.4% specificity in diagnosing FK. In addition, this array had 93.2% sensitivity and 93.8% specificity in diagnosing Fusarium keratitis, as well as 83.3% sensitivity and 100% specificity in diagnosing Aspergillus keratitis. Furthermore, it had 83.9% sensitivity and 100% specificity in identifying Fusarium solani keratitis. Thus, this newly developed DHA will be beneficial to earlier diagnosis, more precise treatment, and improve prognosis of FK, by minimizing medical refractory events and surgical needs.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0261458
Dong Wei ◽  
Xinxin Zhang ◽  
Chunying Li ◽  
Min Zhao ◽  
Li Wei

Alkaline-surfactant-polymer (ASP) flooding technology is used to maximize crude oil recovery. However, the extensive use of alkaline materials makes it difficult to treat the water used. Here, an improved multi-zone anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) using FeSO4 as electron acceptor was employed to treat the wastewater from ASP flooding technology, and the effects on major pollutants (hydrolyzed polyacrylamide, petroleum substances, surfactants suspended solids) and associated parameters (chemical oxygen demand, viscosity) were evaluated. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to follow the degradation and evolution of organic compounds while high-throughput DNA sequencing was used to determine the bacterial diversity in the ABR. The results obtained after 90 d of operation showed decreases in all parameters measured and the highest mean removal rates were obtained for petroleum substances (98.8%) and suspended solids (77.0%). Amounts of petroleum substances in the ABR effluent could meet the requirements of a national standard for oilfield reinjection water. GC-MS analysis showed that a wide range of chemicals (e.g. aromatic hydrocarbons, esters, alcohols, ketones) could be sequentially removed from the influent by each zone of ABR. The high-throughput DNA sequencing showed that the bacteria Micropruina, Saccharibacteria and Synergistaceae were involved in the degradation of pollutants in the anaerobic and anoxic reaction zones, while Rhodobacteraceae and Aliihoeflea were the main functional microorganisms in the aerobic reaction zones. The results demonstrated that the improved ABR reactor had the potential for the treatment of wastewater from ASP flooding technology.

Shawn R. Lockhart ◽  
Meghan M. Lyman ◽  
D. Joseph Sexton

Candida auris is an emerging yeast species that has the unique characteristics of patient skin colonization and rapid transmission within healthcare facilities and the ability to rapidly develop antifungal resistance. When C. auris first started appearing in clinical microbiology laboratories, it could only be identified using DNA sequencing. In the decade since its first identification outside of Japan there have been many improvements in the detection of C. auris . These include the expansion of MALDI-TOF databases to include C. auris , the development of both laboratory-developed tests and commercially available kits for its detection, and special CHROMagar for identification from laboratory specimens. Here we discuss the current tools and resources that are available for C. auris identification and detection.

2022 ◽  
Brian D Reed ◽  
Michael J Meyer ◽  
Valentin Abramzon ◽  
Omer Ad ◽  
Pat Adcock ◽  

Proteins are the main structural and functional components of cells, and their dynamic regulation and post-translational modifications (PTMs) underlie cellular phenotypes. Next-generation DNA sequencing technologies have revolutionized our understanding of heredity and gene regulation, but the complex and dynamic states of cells are not fully captured by the genome and transcriptome. Sensitive measurements of the proteome are needed to fully understand biological processes and changes to the proteome that occur in disease states. Studies of the proteome would benefit greatly from methods to directly sequence and digitally quantify proteins and detect PTMs with single-molecule sensitivity and precision. However current methods for studying the proteome lag behind DNA sequencing in throughput, sensitivity, and accessibility due to the complexity and dynamic range of the proteome, the chemical properties of proteins, and the inability to amplify proteins. Here, we demonstrate single-molecule protein sequencing on a compact benchtop instrument using a dynamic sequencing by stepwise degradation approach in which single surface-immobilized peptide molecules are probed in real-time by a mixture of dye-labeled N-terminal amino acid recognizers and simultaneously cleaved by aminopeptidases. By measuring fluorescence intensity, lifetime, and binding kinetics of recognizers on an integrated semiconductor chip we are able to annotate amino acids and identify the peptide sequence. We describe the expansion of the number of recognizable amino acids and demonstrate the kinetic principles that allow individual recognizers to identify multiple amino acids in a highly information-rich manner that is sensitive to adjacent residues. Furthermore, we demonstrate that our method is compatible with both synthetic and natural peptides, and capable of detecting single amino acid changes and PTMs. We anticipate that with further development our protein sequencing method will offer a sensitive, scalable, and accessible platform for studies of the proteome.

M. Patrick Stagg

Glomangiopericytoma is a rare sinonasal tumor. We report three casesof this rare disease that presented in nine days to one subspecialt ypractice. Histochemical and DNA sequencing confirmed the diagnosisineachcase.Endoscopicsinonasalsurgeryprovidedcompleteresectionin each case. The occurrence of three cases to one practice withina 2-week timeframe may suggest GPC is under-recognized. Routinesequencing to detect CTNNB1 mutations and staining for smooth muscleactin of suspicious sinonasal tumorsmayincrease the frequencyof GPC detection

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