In vitro antifungal studies of Ruthenium (III) complex derived from chitosan Schiff bases

K. Amirthaganesan ◽  
T. Vadivel ◽  
M. Dhamodaran ◽  
V.L. Chandraboss
2020 ◽  
Vol 26 (1) ◽  
pp. 176-184
Huijun Xie ◽  
Chao Niu ◽  
Zeyang Chao ◽  
Nuramina Mamat ◽  
Haji Akber Aisa

AbstractFurocoumarins, such as 8-MOP, are the most common medications used to relieve the symptoms of vitiligo clinically. Some furocoumarins also showed excellent performance in an anti-bacterial assay. This paper describes the synthesis of a series of novel Schiff bases (6a-6k), and their promotion in melanogenesis and anti-bacterial properties were studied in vitro.The pigment production of B16 cells and bacterial inhibition ring assay were applied for the bioactivity of 6a-6k. According to the results, a stronger promotion on pigment content was observed, when six compounds co-cultured with cells, compared with positive control (8-MOP). Significantly, compound 6k (237%) as the most active was found to increase the amount of melanin more than 1.7 times compared with 8-MOP activation rate (136%). All the compounds could moderately retard C. albicans growth. Interestingly, aldehyde 5, which possessed a broader antibacterial spectrum, showed the highest inhibition against C. albicans as well and much better than the positive control (Amphotericin B).Studies of 6k in animal models of vitiligo and related molecular mechanism are presently under way, with the aim of discovering an anti-vitiligo leading compound.

2020 ◽  
Vol 34 (4) ◽  
Hamed Maaref ◽  
Enayatollah Sheikhhosseini ◽  
Mohammad Mehdi Foroughi ◽  
Mohammad Reza Akhgar ◽  
Shohreh Jahani

2021 ◽  
pp. 131041
Waleed M. Serag ◽  
Faten Zahran ◽  
Yasmin M. Abdelghany ◽  
Reda F.M. Elshaarawy ◽  
Moustafa S. Abdelhamid

Nadia Ali Ahmed Elkanzi ◽  
Hajer Hrichi ◽  
Rania B. Bakr

Background: The 1,4-naphthoquinone ring has attracted prominent interest in the field of medicinal chemistry due to its potent pharmacological activity as antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, and anticancer. Objective: Herein, a series of new Schiff bases (4-6) and chalcones (8a-c & 9a-d) bearing 1,4-naphthoquinone moiety were synthesized in good yields and were subjected to in-vitro antimicrobial, antioxidant, and molecular docking testing. Methods: A facile protocol has been described in this study for the synthesis of new derivatives (4-7, 8a-c, and 9a-d) bearing 1,4-naphthoquinone moiety. The chemical structures of all the synthesized compounds were identified by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, MS, and elemental analyses. Moreover, these derivatives were assessed for their in-vitro antimicrobial activity against gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria, and fungal strains. Further studies were conducted to test their antioxidant activity using DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) scavenging assay. Molecular docking studies were realized to identify the most likely interactions of the novel compounds within the protein receptor. Results: The antimicrobial results showed that most of the compounds displayed good efficacy against both bacterial and fungal strains. The antioxidant study revealed that compounds 9d, 9a, 9b, 8c, and 6 exhibited the highest radical scavenging activity. Docking studies of the most active antimicrobial compounds within GLN- 6-P, recorded good scores with several binding interactions with the active sites. Conclusion: Based on the obtained results, it was found that compounds 8b, 9b, and 9c displayed the highest activity against both bacterial and fungal strains. The obtained findings from the DPPH radical scavenging method revealed that compounds 9d and 9a exhibited the strongest scavenging potential. The molecular docking studies proved that the most active antimicrobial compounds 8b, 9b and 9c displayed the highest energy binding scores within the glucosamine-6-phosphate synthase (GlcN-6-P) active site.

2021 ◽  
Vol 18 ◽  
Sarosh Iqbal ◽  
Shumaila Kiran ◽  
Shahida Perveen ◽  
Rizwana Malik ◽  
Muhammad Taha ◽  

Background & Introduction : Antioxidants are known to prevent oxidative stress-induced damage to the biomolecules and thus, delay the onset of cancers and many age-related diseases. Therefore, the development of novel and potent antioxidants is justified. Method: During this study, we synthesized symmetrical bis-Schiff bases of carbohydrazide 1-27, and evaluated their in vitro antioxidative activity and cytotoxic activity. Results: Among synthesized compounds, six compounds 20 (IC50 = 12.89 ± 0.02 µM), 16 (IC50 = 14.32 ± 0.43 µM), 17 (IC50 = 18.52 ± 0.83 µM), 19 (IC50 = 22.84 ± 0.62 µM), 24 (IC50 = 35.1 ± 0.82 µM) and 15 (IC50 = 40.03 ± 1.06 µM) showed an excellent 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity, better than the standard butylatedhydroxyanisole (BHA) (IC50 = 44.6 ± 0.6 µM). Likewise, two compounds 16 (IC50 = 4.3 ± 1.3 µM) and 20 (IC50 = 6.6 ± 1.6 µM) showed oxidative burst scavenging activity better than the standard drug ibuprofen (IC50 = 11.2 ± 1.9 µM). Some synthesized compounds showed good to moderate toxicity against prostate cancer (PC-3) cell lines. Conclusion: This study has identified potent antioxidants and good cytotoxic agents with the potential to further investigate.

2019 ◽  
Vol 191 ◽  
pp. 183-193 ◽  
Vanessa S. Zanon ◽  
Josélia A. Lima ◽  
Teobaldo Cuya ◽  
Flavia R.S. Lima ◽  
Anna C.C. da Fonseca ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (09) ◽  
pp. 900-909
Anupama Srivastava ◽  
Shilpi Srivastava ◽  
Om. P. Pandey ◽  
Soumitra K. Sengupta ◽  

Titanium(IV) complexes of type[(η5-C5H5)2TiCl(L)] have been synthesized by the reactions of bis(cyclopentadienyl)titanium(IV)dichloride with Schiff bases (LH) derived by the condensation of 5-(substituted aryl)-2-hydrazino-1,3,4-oxadiazole and indoline-2,3-dione in tetrahydrofuranin the presence oftriethylamine. All these complexes are soluble in PhNO2, DMF and DMSO.The complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, electrical conductance, magnetic susceptibility, UV-Vis, IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, XRD and SEM spectral techniques. Low molar conductance values indicate that they are non-electrolytes. The spectral data indicate5-coordinate geometry for the complexes.XRD pattern indicate that the complexes have monoclinic crystal system and particle sizes were found 49.36 nm (nano-size). In vitro antifungal activity of synthesized compounds was evaluated against fungi Aspergillusniger, Aspergillusflavus,ColletotrichumfalcatumandIn vitro antibacterial activity was determined by screening the compounds against gram negative (P. aeruginosa, S.typhi) and gram positive (S. aureus and B.subtilis) bacterial strains using minimum inhibition concentration method (MIC) by serial dilution technique. The titanocene(IV) complexes have higher antimicrobial effect than the parent Schiff bases.

K Sunand ◽  
K Vinay Kumar ◽  
K Ashwini ◽  
P Suresh Kumar ◽  
S Vishnu ◽  

Aim: To synthesize and evaluate 4-aminoantipyrine related schiff’s bases as antibacterial agents. Objective: To synthesize, purify, characterize and evaluate 4-aminoantipyrine. Method: Schiff bases derived from 4-aminoantipyrine play a vital role in biological and pharmacological activities. Knowing the importance of 4-aminoatipyrine schiff bases and their analogues wide varieties of bioactivities like analgesic, antiviral, antipyretic, anti-rheumatic, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities have been widely studied. 4-aminoantipyrine compounds C1 (anisaldehyde), C2 (p-hydroxybenzaldehyde) and C3(vanillin) were prepared by condensation between 4-amino antipyrine and substituted aromatic benzaldehydes. The products were purified by recrystallization by using ethanol, characterized by IR spectroscopy. The N-H stretching in 4-aminoantipyrine is shown at 3430 cm-1 and -3325 cm-1. The -HC=N- stretching is observed in the range of 1508-1504 cm-1 The –OCH3 stretching is found at 1888 cm-1. 4-amino antipyrine related schiff’s bases evaluated their activity as antimicrobials in-vitro by spread plate method against E.coli. Schiff bases have potent antibacterial activity with gram negative bacteria E.coli. Results: Synthesis and characterization of a schiff bases derived from substituted benzaldehydes and 4-aminoantipyrine was evaluated and characterized with the IR spectroscopic techniques and schiff bases have shown potent antibacterial activity against E.Coli.

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