antimicrobial effect
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2024 ◽  
Vol 84 ◽  
F. E. P. Diógenes ◽  
S. R. C. Nascimento ◽  
C. Alves Junior ◽  
E. P. Paiva ◽  
S. B. Torres ◽  

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effect of atmospheric plasma application on the inactivation of fungi on the surface of Erythrina velutina seeds and on isolated fungal colonies. Two experiments were conducted using a completely randomized design. First, plasma was applied to the surface of the seeds using helium gas and atmospheric plasma for 3, 6, and 9 min in addition to the control (untreated seeds), constituting seven treatments with five repetitions each. In the second experiment, Petri dishes containing the inoculum of different fungi were treated with atmospheric air plasma for 3, 6, and 9 min (Air-3, Air-6, and Air-9) and were compared with untreated fungi in Petri dishes without treatment (control), totaling four treatments and five repetitions each. We found that the application of atmospheric air plasma to E. velutina seeds for 9 min had an antimicrobial effect on the fungi Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Fusarium sp., Brachysporium sp., and Rhizopus sp. The formation of fungal colonies isolated from E. velutina seeds was also inhibited by 3 min of exposure to atmospheric air plasma, except for A. niger, whose inhibition occurred after 6 min of exposure to atmospheric plasma.

2022 ◽  
Ehsan Aliakbari ◽  
Reza Eghdam Zamiri ◽  
Mehri Mahdavi ◽  
Vahid Yousefi

Abstract Due to the significance of drug delivery, the design of novel progressive nanomaterials for targeting drug delivery is a significant role in pharmacotherapy, as this method is supposed to reach a more exact target. One of the most distinguished materials by researchers is the poly ionic liquid (PIL), which have been used as anticancer drugs carriers and notably improve the antitumor effect and half-life. In this work, an efficient and stable nanocarrier containing silver nanoparticle, which were well distributed throughout the ionic liquid-based copolymer network (PILP-Ag), was reported for the drug delivery with antimicrobial effect. PILP was synthesized by radical silver nanoparticles was anchored into PIL voids by in-situ reduction, which enrich the adsorption capability of drug and antimicrobial effect of the nanocarrier. The synthesized nanomaterials were characterized by various techniques such as BET, TGA, SEM, TEM, AAS and FT-IR spectroscopy. The antibacterial activities of the silver-containing PIL against both S. aureus and E. coli were studied by determination of the minimum inhibitory concentration and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 524
Sergey V. Kravchenko ◽  
Pavel A. Domnin ◽  
Sergei Y. Grishin ◽  
Alexander V. Panfilov ◽  
Viacheslav N. Azev ◽  

The need to develop new antimicrobial peptides is due to the high resistance of pathogenic bacteria to traditional antibiotics now and in the future. The creation of synthetic peptide constructs is a common and successful approach to the development of new antimicrobial peptides. In this work, we use a simple, flexible, and scalable technique to create hybrid antimicrobial peptides containing amyloidogenic regions of the ribosomal S1 protein from Staphylococcus aureus. While the cell-penetrating peptide allows the peptide to enter the bacterial cell, the amyloidogenic site provides an antimicrobial effect by coaggregating with functional bacterial proteins. We have demonstrated the antimicrobial effects of the R23F, R23DI, and R23EI hybrid peptides against Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, and Bacillus cereus. R23F, R23DI, and R23EI can be used as antimicrobial peptides against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria resistant to traditional antibiotics.

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (119) ◽  
pp. 133-142
Ahmad Nasrollahzadeh ◽  
ALMASI almasi ◽  
MEHRAN moradi ◽  
seyed mohamad ali ebrahimzade mousavi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (119) ◽  
pp. 243-258
Fatemeh Pourhaji ◽  
Bahareh sahraiyan ◽  
Gholam Hossein Haghayegh ◽  

LWT ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 113063
Anna Carolina Leonelli Pires de Campos ◽  
Renata Daniela Saldanha Nandi ◽  
Sara Scandorieiro ◽  
Marcelly Chue Gonçalves ◽  
Guilherme Fonseca Reis ◽  

Patricia Saraiva Vilas Boas de Almeida ◽  
José Roberto da Silveira Maia ◽  
Mariana Caliman Falqueto ◽  
Leandro Licursi de Oliveira

Compounds of Cu(II) and Zn(II) with 3-R-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5-amine {R = methyl (mta), phenyl (pta)} were prepared and characterized by infrared spectroscopy (IR), multinuclear NMR (1H, 13C), electronic spectroscopy (UV-VIS), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), microanalyses and melting point. Dimeric, monomeric, and polymeric materials were synthesized in this work. The Zn(II)-1,2,4-triazole derivatives have the metal ion at the center of two geometric arrangements, being a tetrahedron for the complex-7 and 9, and an octahedron for the complex-8. The only polymeric material, complex-7, was characterized by the DSC analytical data. The Decomposition reaction of complex-8 in chloroform produced the complex-9, a aminoguanidine derivative, and the Zn(II)-benzoate compound. The IR and UV-VIS of Cu(II)-mta derivatives revealed two possible geometric patterns for the metallic ion; a distorted bipyramidal trigonal geometry for compounds 10 and 11 in solution, and in the solid state, the same geometry for complex-10, but for complex-11, the IR data suggest a distorted octahedral geometry. The biological assay of the 1,2,4-triazole compounds and their metal derivatives against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria shown the compounds of Zn(II) as the only active materials with values of MIC within the range of 133.5 µM (83.3 µg / mL) to 360.7 µM (166.6 µg / mL).

2022 ◽  
pp. 149-166
Shazia Shukrullah ◽  
Muhammad Anwar ◽  
Muhammad Yasin Naz ◽  
Inzamam Ul Haq

Dielectric barrier discharges (DBD) are the configurations for the production of electrical discharges using a dielectric medium between the metallic electrodes. Plasma treatment produces negative radicals, which increase the adhesion of fabric for nanoparticles. The plasma treatment made the fabric surface rougher because of the etching effect. UV-vis spectra of the Plasmon resonance band observed at 253-400 nm. X-ray diffraction results showed that AgNPs has a cubical structure and the average crystalline size is 25 nm. SEM results determined that the morphology of the silver nanoparticles are flower shaped. The energy bandgap of AgNPs was observed at 2.59 eV. The silver nanoparticles were found to have enhanced antimicrobial properties and showed better zone of inhibition against isolated bacteria (Escherichia coli). DBD plasma treatment changed the chemical as well as physical properties of the cotton fabric. FTIR spectrum revealed that oxygen-containing groups, such as C-O, C=O, O-C-O, as well as O-C=O, increased on DBD treatment of cotton samples.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 27
W. J. A. B. N. Jayasuriya ◽  
N. D. Jayaweera ◽  
H. Adurapotha ◽  
F. D. Meedin ◽  
D. I. Uluwaduge ◽  

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