Effects of the Pathological E200K Mutation on Human Prion Protein: A Computational screening and Molecular Dynamic approach
Abstract The Human Prion protein gene (PRNP) is mapped to short arm of chromosome 20 (20pter-12). Prion disease is associated with mutations in the Prion Protein encoding gene sequence. The mutations that occur in the prion protein could be divided into two types based on their influence on pathogenic potential: 1. Mutations that cause disease. 2. Disease-resistance mutations. Earlier studies found that the mutation G127V in the PRNP increases protein stability, whereas the mutation E200K, which has the highest mutation rate in the Prion protein, causes Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) in humans and induces protein aggregation. We used a variety of bioinformatic algorithms, including SIFT, PolyPhen, I-Mutant, PhD-SNP, and SNP&GO, to predict the association of the E200K mutation with Prion disease. MD simulation is performed and graphs for RMSD, RMSF, Rg, DSSP, PCA, porcupine and FEL are generated to confirm and prove the stability of the wild type and mutant protein structures. The protein is analyzed for aggregation, and the results indicates more fluctuations in the protein structure during the simulation by the E200K mutation, however the G127V mutation makes protein structure stable against aggregation during the simulation.