computational screening
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Processes ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 165
Hao Qin ◽  
Zihao Wang ◽  
Zhen Song ◽  
Xiang Zhang ◽  
Teng Zhou

The separation of 1,3-butadiene (1,3-C4H6) and 1-butene (n-C4H8) is quite challenging due to their close boiling points and similar molecular structures. Extractive distillation (ED) is widely regarded as a promising approach for such a separation task. For ED processes, the selection of suitable entrainer is of central importance. Traditional ED processes using organic solvents suffer from high energy consumption. To tackle this issue, the utilization of ionic liquids (ILs) can serve as a potential alternative. In this work, a high-throughput computational screening of ILs is performed to find proper entrainers, where 36,260 IL candidates comprising of 370 cations and 98 anions are involved. COSMO-RS is employed to calculate the infinite dilution extractive capacity and selectivity of the 36,260 ILs. In doing so, the ILs that satisfy the prespecified thermodynamic criteria and physical property constraints are identified. After the screening, the resulting IL candidates are sent for rigorous process simulation and design. 1,2,3,4,5-pentamethylimidazolium methylcarbonate is found to be the optimal IL solvent. Compared with the benchmark ED process where the organic solvent N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone is adopted, the energy consumption is reduced by 26%. As a result, this work offers a new IL-based ED process for efficient 1,3-C4H6 production.

2022 ◽  
Chencheng Liu ◽  
Herbert Früchtl ◽  
John T. S. Irvine ◽  
Michael Bühl

2022 ◽  
Fatemeh Rahimi Gharemirshamloo ◽  
Ranabir Majumder ◽  
Kourosh Bamdad ◽  
Fateme Frootan ◽  
Cemal Un

Abstract The Human Prion protein gene (PRNP) is mapped to short arm of chromosome 20 (20pter-12). Prion disease is associated with mutations in the Prion Protein encoding gene sequence. The mutations that occur in the prion protein could be divided into two types based on their influence on pathogenic potential: 1. Mutations that cause disease. 2. Disease-resistance mutations. Earlier studies found that the mutation G127V in the PRNP increases protein stability, whereas the mutation E200K, which has the highest mutation rate in the Prion protein, causes Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (CJD) in humans and induces protein aggregation. We used a variety of bioinformatic algorithms, including SIFT, PolyPhen, I-Mutant, PhD-SNP, and SNP&GO, to predict the association of the E200K mutation with Prion disease. MD simulation is performed and graphs for RMSD, RMSF, Rg, DSSP, PCA, porcupine and FEL are generated to confirm and prove the stability of the wild type and mutant protein structures. The protein is analyzed for aggregation, and the results indicates more fluctuations in the protein structure during the simulation by the E200K mutation, however the G127V mutation makes protein structure stable against aggregation during the simulation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Chia-Ter Chao ◽  
You-Tien Tsai ◽  
Wen-Ting Lee ◽  
Hsiang-Yuan Yeh ◽  
Chih-Kang Chiang

Background. Vascular calcification (VC) constitutes subclinical vascular burden and increases cardiovascular mortality. Effective therapeutics for VC remains to be procured. We aimed to use a deep learning-based strategy to screen and uncover plant compounds that potentially can be repurposed for managing VC. Methods. We integrated drugome, interactome, and diseasome information from Comparative Toxicogenomic Database (CTD), DrugBank, PubChem, Gene Ontology (GO), and BioGrid to analyze drug-disease associations. A deep representation learning was done using a high-level description of the local network architecture and features of the entities, followed by learning the global embeddings of nodes derived from a heterogeneous network using the graph neural network architecture and a random forest classifier established for prediction. Predicted results were tested in an in vitro VC model for validity based on the probability scores. Results. We collected 6,790 compounds with available Simplified Molecular-Input Line-Entry System (SMILES) data, 11,958 GO terms, 7,238 diseases, and 25,482 proteins, followed by local embedding vectors using an end-to-end transformer network and a node2vec algorithm and global embedding vectors learned from heterogeneous network via the graph neural network. Our algorithm conferred a good distinction between potential compounds, presenting as higher prediction scores for the compound categories with a higher potential but lower scores for other categories. Probability score-dependent selection revealed that antioxidants such as sulforaphane and daidzein were potentially effective compounds against VC, while catechin had low probability. All three compounds were validated in vitro. Conclusions. Our findings exemplify the utility of deep learning in identifying promising VC-treating plant compounds. Our model can be a quick and comprehensive computational screening tool to assist in the early drug discovery process.

2022 ◽  
Gouri Priya Ranjith ◽  
Jisha Satheesan ◽  
K K Sabu

Abstract Centella asiatica is a widely spread herb mostly found in the tropics having extensive medicinal values. Here, we report for the first time, transcriptome-wide characterization of miRNA profile from the leaves of C. asiatica using high-throughput Illumina sequencing. We identified 227 conserved and 109 putative novel miRNAs. Computational screening revealed potential mRNA targets for both the conserved and novel miRNAs encoding diverse transcription factors and enzymes involved in plant development, disease resistance, metabolic and signaling pathways. Gene ontology annotation and KEGG analysis revealed the miRNA targets to be involved in a wide range of metabolomic and regulatory pathways. The differential expression of the miRNA encoding genes in diverse tissues was determined by real-time PCR analysis. We also found that gene expression levels of miR156, 159 and 1171 was reduced in salicylic acid treated axenic shoot cultures of C. asiatica compared to its control. Furthermore, RLM-RACE experiments mapped miRNA-mediated cleavage at two of the mRNA targets. The present study represents the large-scale identification of microRNAs from C. asiatica and contributes to the base for the up-coming studies on miRNA-mediated gene regulation of plant secondary metabolite pathways in particular.

Nanomaterials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 159
Lifeng Li ◽  
Zenan Shi ◽  
Hong Liang ◽  
Jie Liu ◽  
Zhiwei Qiao

Atmospheric water harvesting by strong adsorbents is a feasible method of solving the shortage of water resources, especially for arid regions. In this study, a machine learning (ML)-assisted high-throughput computational screening is employed to calculate the capture of H2O from N2 and O2 for 6013 computation-ready, experimental metal-organic frameworks (CoRE-MOFs) and 137,953 hypothetical MOFs (hMOFs). Through the univariate analysis of MOF structure-performance relationships, Qst is shown to be a key descriptor. Moreover, three ML algorithms (random forest, gradient boosted regression trees, and neighbor component analysis (NCA)) are applied to hunt for the complicated interrelation between six descriptors and performance. After the optimizing strategy of grid search and five-fold cross-validation is performed, three ML can effectively build the predictive model for CoRE-MOFs, and the accuracy R2 of NCA can reach 0.97. In addition, based on the relative importance of the descriptors by ML, it can be quantitatively concluded that the Qst is dominant in governing the capture of H2O. Besides, the NCA model trained by 6013 CoRE-MOFs can predict the selectivity of hMOFs with a R2 of 0.86, which is more universal than other models. Finally, 10 CoRE-MOFs and 10 hMOFs with high performance are identified. The computational screening and prediction of ML could provide guidance and inspiration for the development of materials for water harvesting in the atmosphere.

Gurpreet Kour ◽  
Xin Mao ◽  
Aijun Du

Single atom alloys (SAAs) based on TM doped Ru(0001) were investigated for their nitrogen reduction activity using density functional modelling. V@Ru(0001) was found to exhibit a low negative limiting potential and the TOF of the V@Ru(0001) catalyst was shown to be high.

Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 223
Shah Faisal ◽  
Syed Lal Badshah ◽  
Bibi Kubra ◽  
Mohamed Sharaf ◽  
Abdul-Hamid Emwas ◽  

The COVID-19 pandemic has caused millions of fatalities since 2019. Despite the availability of vaccines for this disease, new strains are causing rapid ailment and are a continuous threat to vaccine efficacy. Here, molecular docking and simulations identify strong inhibitors of the allosteric site of the SARS-CoV-2 virus RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp). More than one hundred different flavonoids were docked with the SARS-CoV-2 RdRp allosteric site through computational screening. The three top hits were Naringoside, Myricetin and Aureusidin 4,6-diglucoside. Simulation analyses confirmed that they are in constant contact during the simulation time course and have strong association with the enzyme’s allosteric site. Absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and toxicity (ADMET) data provided medicinal information of these top three hits. They had good human intestinal absorption (HIA) concentrations and were non-toxic. Due to high mutation rates in the active sites of the viral enzyme, these new allosteric site inhibitors offer opportunities to drug SARS-CoV-2 RdRp. These results provide new information for the design of novel allosteric inhibitors against SARS-CoV-2 RdRp.

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