chemical shifts
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Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 511
Yu Suzuki ◽  
Takanori Higashi ◽  
Takahiro Yamamoto ◽  
Hideyasu Okamura ◽  
Takehiro K. Sato ◽  

Spider dragline silk is a biopolymer with excellent mechanical properties. The development of recombinant spider silk protein (RSP)-based materials with these properties is desirable. Formic acid (FA) is a spinning solvent for regenerated Bombyx mori silk fiber with excellent mechanical properties. To use FA as a spinning solvent for RSP with the sequence of major ampullate spider silk protein from Araneus diadematus, we determined the conformation of RSP in FA using solution NMR to determine the role of FA as a spinning solvent. We assigned 1H, 13C, and 15N chemical shifts to 32-residue repetitive sequences, including polyAla and Gly-rich regions of RSP. Chemical shift evaluation revealed that RSP is in mainly random coil conformation with partially type II β-turn structure in the Gly-Pro-Gly-X motifs of the Gly-rich region in FA, which was confirmed by the 15N NOE data. In addition, formylation at the Ser OH groups occurred in FA. Furthermore, we evaluated the conformation of the as-cast film of RSP dissolved in FA using solid-state NMR and found that β-sheet structure was predominantly formed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
D. Mayer ◽  
F. Lever ◽  
D. Picconi ◽  
J. Metje ◽  
S. Alisauskas ◽  

AbstractThe conversion of photon energy into other energetic forms in molecules is accompanied by charge moving on ultrafast timescales. We directly observe the charge motion at a specific site in an electronically excited molecule using time-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (TR-XPS). We extend the concept of static chemical shift from conventional XPS by the excited-state chemical shift (ESCS), which is connected to the charge in the framework of a potential model. This allows us to invert TR-XPS spectra to the dynamic charge at a specific atom. We demonstrate the power of TR-XPS by using sulphur 2p-core-electron-emission probing to study the UV-excited dynamics of 2-thiouracil. The method allows us to discover that a major part of the population relaxes to the molecular ground state within 220–250 fs. In addition, a 250-fs oscillation, visible in the kinetic energy of the TR-XPS, reveals a coherent exchange of population among electronic states.

Molecules ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (2) ◽  
pp. 366
Loai Al-Sheakh ◽  
Sebastian Fritsch ◽  
Andreas Appelhagen ◽  
Alexander Villinger ◽  
Ralf Ludwig

We show that carboxyl-functionalized ionic liquids (ILs) form doubly hydrogen-bonded cationic dimers (c+=c+) despite the repulsive forces between ions of like charge and competing hydrogen bonds between cation and anion (c+–a−). This structural motif as known for formic acid, the archetype of double hydrogen bridges, is present in the solid state of the IL 1−(carboxymethyl)pyridinium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide [HOOC−CH2−py][NTf2]. By means of quantum chemical calculations, we explored different hydrogen-bonded isomers of neutral (HOOC–(CH2)n–py+)2(NTf2−)2, single-charged (HOOC–(CH2)n–py+)2(NTf2−), and double-charged (HOOC– (CH2)n−py+)2 complexes for demonstrating the paradoxical case of “anti-electrostatic” hydrogen bonding (AEHB) between ions of like charge. For the pure doubly hydrogen-bonded cationic dimers (HOOC– (CH2)n−py+)2, we report robust kinetic stability for n = 1–4. At n = 5, hydrogen bonding and dispersion fully compensate for the repulsive Coulomb forces between the cations, allowing for the quantification of the two equivalent hydrogen bonds and dispersion interaction in the order of 58.5 and 11 kJmol−1, respectively. For n = 6–8, we calculated negative free energies for temperatures below 47, 80, and 114 K, respectively. Quantum cluster equilibrium (QCE) theory predicts the equilibria between cationic monomers and dimers by considering the intermolecular interaction between the species, leading to thermodynamic stability at even higher temperatures. We rationalize the H-bond characteristics of the cationic dimers by the natural bond orbital (NBO) approach, emphasizing the strong correlation between NBO-based and spectroscopic descriptors, such as NMR chemical shifts and vibrational frequencies.

Chemosensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 21
Nataša Perin ◽  
Darko Babić ◽  
Petar Kassal ◽  
Ana Čikoš ◽  
Marijana Hranjec ◽  

We present the synthesis and analytical, spectroscopic and computational characterization of three amino-substituted benzo[b]thieno[2,3-b]pyrido[1,2-a]benzimidazoles as novel pH probes with a potential application in pH-sensing materials. The designed systems differ in the number and position of the introduced isobutylamine groups on the pentacyclic aromatic core, which affects their photophysical and acid-base properties. The latter were investigated by UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies and interpreted by DFT calculations. An excellent agreement in experimentally measured and computationally determined pKa values and electronic excitations suggests that all systems are unionized at neutral pH, while their transition to monocationic forms occurs at pH values between 3 and 5, accompanied by substantial changes in spectroscopic responses that make them suitable for detecting acidic conditions in solutions. Computations identified imidazole imino nitrogen as the most favorable protonation site, further confirmed by analysis of perturbations in the chemical shifts of 1H and 13C NMR, and showed that the resulting basicity emerges as a compromise between the basicity-reducing effect of a nearby nitrile and a favorable contribution from the attached secondary amines. With this in mind, we designed a system with three amino substituents for which calculations predict pKa = 7.0 that we suggest as an excellent starting point for a potential pH sensor able to capture solution changes during the transition from neutral towards acidic media.

2021 ◽  
Vol 104 (4) ◽  
pp. 138-148
A.M. Kozhanova ◽  
B.S. Temirgaziyev ◽  
A. Zhanarbek ◽  
B.I. Tuleuov ◽  

The article presents materials on the isolation of ecdysterone substance from medicinal plant raw materials Silene wolgensis (Hornem.) Bess. ex. Spreng (Volga smolyovka). For the first time, the optimization of the method for ecdysterone substance obtaining from the aboveground part of the superconcentrator of phytoecdysteroids of the Silene wolgensis was carried out and based on it a pilot industrial regulation for the isolation of ecdysterone and an encapsulated water-soluble form were developed. It was found, that the interaction of the substrate molecule and the clathrate forms a substance that can dissolve in water and other more polar solvents, thereby solving the problem of bioavailability of the main hydrophobic drug. The method developed for producing the substance ecdysterone and its water-soluble encapsulated with β-cyclodextrin form was implemented into production at the Karaganda pharmaceutical plant. NMR studies of changes in the chemical shifts of protons of substrates and receptors illustrated that ecdysterone interacts with β-cyclodextrin to form supramolecular inclusion complexes with stoichiometric composition of 1:1

Surface ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13(28) ◽  
pp. 94-126
V. V. Turov ◽  
V. M. Gun'ko ◽  
T. V. Krupska ◽  

The methane adsorption onto a hydrated surface of hydrophobic silica AM1 alone and impregnated by arginine, and silica gel Si-100 has been studied using low-temperature 1H NMR spectroscopy. It has been shown that the methane adsorption onto the AM1 surface depends on the degree of hydration and pretreatment type. The maximum adsorption (up to 80 mg/g) is observed for a sample hydrated after complete drying. It has been established that the adsorption is determined by a number of clusters of bound water of small radii. Based on a shape of the temperature dependence of the adsorption, it has been assumed that not only physical adsorption occurs, but also the quasi-solid methane hydrates are formed. It has been established that the amount of methane adsorbed onto a surface of a composite system AM1/arginine under isobaric conditions increases by tens of times (from 0.5 to 80 mg/g) in the presence of pre-adsorbed water pre-adsorbed at the surface. Probable mechanisms of the methane adsorption are physical adsorption on a surface, condensation in narrow voids between silica nanoparticles and nano-scaled (1-10 nm) water clusters, and the formation of solid (clathrate) methane hydrates. Water, adsorbed at a surface in a wide range of hydration, forms various clusters. This water is mainly strongly associated and characterized by chemical shifts in the range dH = 4-6 ppm. The hydrate structures with methane/water are quite stable and can exist even in the chloroform medium. However, in this case, a part of water transforms into a weakly associated state and it is observed at dH = 1.5-2 ppm.

Holzforschung ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Lucas Lagerquist ◽  
Jani Rahkila ◽  
Patrik Eklund

Abstract A small library of 6-substituted syringyl model compounds with aliphatic, carboxylic, phenylic, benzylic alcohols and brominated substituents were prepared. The influence of the substituents on the chemical shifts of the compounds was analyzed. All of model compounds showed a characteristic increase in the 13C NMR chemical shift of the methoxy group vicinal to the substitution. This 13C NMR peak and its corresponding correlation peak in HSQC could potentially be used to identify 6-condensation in syringylic lignin samples.

Sergey L. Deev ◽  
Tatyana S. Shestakova ◽  
Zakhar O. Shenkarev ◽  
Alexander S. Paramonov ◽  
Igor A. Khalymbadzha ◽  

Crystals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 6
Mezna Saleh Altowyan ◽  
Saied M. Soliman ◽  
Matti Haukka ◽  
Nora H. Al-Shaalan ◽  
Aminah A. Alkharboush ◽  

Hydrolysis/[3 + 2] cycloaddition/elimination cascades employed for the synthesis of unexpected tricyclic compound derived from isoquinoline. Reaction of ethylene derivative 1 with the isoquinoline ester iminium ion 2 in alkaline medium (MeOH/NEt3) under reflux for 1 h resulted in the formation of the fused pyrrolo[2,1-a]isoquinoline derivative 3. Its structure was elucidated by X-ray single crystal and other spectrophotometric tools. Hirshfeld calculations for 3 and its crystal structure analysis revealed the importance of the short O…H (19.1%) contacts and the relatively long H…C (17.1%), Cl…H (10.6%) and C…C (6.1%) interactions in the molecular packing. DFT calculations were used to compute the electronic and spectroscopic properties of the studied system. The studied compound has polar nature (3.5953 Debye). TD-DFT calculations assigned the shortest wavelength band (220 nm) to the HOMO−1→LUMO+2 (57%), HOMO−1→LUMO+4 (14%) mixed excitations. The calculated NMR chemical shifts correlated very well with the experimental data (R2 = 0.93–0.94).

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