scholarly journals Sagittal Balance After Posterior Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Versus Congenital Scoliosis

2021 ◽  
Vol 38 (1) ◽  
pp. 26-37
Wael Gad ◽  
Essam Elmorshidy ◽  
Mohammad Hassan ◽  
Moataz El-Sabrout ◽  
Mohammad El-Sharkawi
2019 ◽  
Vol 31 (6) ◽  
pp. 857-864 ◽  
Hiroki Oba ◽  
Jun Takahashi ◽  
Sho Kobayashi ◽  
Tetsuro Ohba ◽  
Shota Ikegami ◽  

OBJECTIVEUnfused main thoracic (MT) curvatures occasionally increase after selective thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) fusion. This study sought to identify the predictors of an unacceptable increase in MT curve (UIMT) after selective posterior fusion (SPF) of the TL/L curve in patients with Lenke type 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS).METHODSForty-eight consecutive patients (44 females and 4 males, mean age 15.7 ± 2.5 years, range 13–24 years) with Lenke type 5C AIS who underwent SPF of the TL/L curve were analyzed. The novel “Shinshu line” (S-line) was defined as a line connecting the centers of the concave-side pedicles of the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) and lowest instrumented vertebra (LIV) on preoperative radiographs. The authors established an S-line tilt to the right as S-line positive (S-line+, i.e., the UIV being to the right of the LIV) and compared S-line+ and S-line− groups for thoracic apical vertebral translation (T-AVT) and MT Cobb angle preoperatively, early postoperatively, and at final follow-up. The predictors for T-AVT > 20 mm at final follow-up were evaluated as well. T-AVT > 20 mm was defined as a UIMT.RESULTSAmong the 48 consecutively treated patients, 26 were S-line+ and 22 were S-line−. At preoperative, early postoperative, and final follow-up a minimum of 2 years later, the mean T-AVT was 12.8 mm (range −9.3 to 32.8 mm), 19.6 mm (range −13.0 to 41.0 mm), and 22.8 mm (range −1.9 to 68.7 mm) in the S-line+ group, and 10.8 mm (range −5.1 to 27.3 mm), 16.2 mm (range −11.7 to 42.1 mm), and 11.0 mm (range −6.3 to 26.9 mm) in the S-line− group, respectively. T-AVT in S-line+ patients was significantly larger than that in S-line− patients at the final follow-up. Multivariate analysis revealed S-line+ (odds ratio [OR] 23.8, p = 0.003) and preoperative MT Cobb angle (OR 7.9, p = 0.001) to be predictors of a UIMT.CONCLUSIONSS-line+ was defined as the UIV being to the right of the LIV. T-AVT in the S-line+ group was significantly larger than in the S-line− group at the final follow-up. S-line+ status and larger preoperative MT Cobb angle were independent predictors of a UIMT after SPF for the TL/L curve in patients with Lenke type 5C AIS. Surgeons should consider changing the UIV and/or LIV in patients exhibiting S-line+ during preoperative planning to avoid a possible increase in MT curve and revision surgery.

Kadir Gem ◽  
Sertan Hancioglu ◽  
Abdulkadir Bilgiç ◽  
Serkan Erkan

Abstract Introduction The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the correction rate in Cobb angle and the improvement in quality of life profile in terms of Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 values. Patients and Methods Between January 2007 and December 2013, posterior instrumentation and fusion was performed to 30 patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Patients were grouped according to their improvement rate in Cobb angles after surgery. Patients with an improvement rate of > 80% were grouped as Group A; those with an improvement rate of > 60% and ≤ 80% as Group B and those with an improvement rate of ≤ 60% were grouped as Group C. The SRS-22 questionnaire of these three groups was calculated and their relationship with the improvement in Cobb angle was evaluated. Results No statistical difference was found among the three groups in terms of pain, appearance, function, spirit, satisfaction, and SRS-22 values (all p > 0.05). Conclusion The results of this study demonstrate that the degree of correction rate does not correlate with the degree of improvement in the SRS-22 questionnaire in patients with AIS that underwent posterior fusion and instrumentation.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Tomohiro Banno ◽  
Yu Yamato ◽  
Hiroki Oba ◽  
Tetsuro Ohba ◽  
Tomohiko Hasegawa ◽  

OBJECTIVE Pelvic obliquity is frequently observed in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curve. This study aimed to assess pelvic obliquity changes and their effects on clinical outcomes of posterior fusion surgery. METHODS Data in 80 patients (69 with type 5C and 11 with type 6C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis) who underwent posterior fusion surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Pelvic obliquity was defined as an absolute pelvic obliquity angle (POA) value of ≥ 3°. The patients were divided into groups according to preoperative pelvic obliquity. Moreover, patients with preoperative pelvic obliquity were divided based on POA change from preoperative values versus 2 years postoperatively. Patients were divided based on the presence of selective or nonselective TL/L fusion. Radiographic parameters and clinical outcomes were compared between these groups. RESULTS Among 80 patients, 41 (51%) showed preoperative pelvic obliquity, and its direction was upward to the right for all cases. Coronal decompensation 2 years postoperatively was significantly elevated in patients with preoperative pelvic obliquity (p < 0.05). Thirty-two patients (40%) displayed pelvic obliquity 2 years postoperatively. Among 41 patients with preoperative pelvic obliquity, 22 patients (54%) were in the group with a decrease in POA, and 19 were in the group with no decrease. The group with no decrease in POA showed significant TL/L curve progression throughout the postoperative follow-up period. The patients with nonselective fusion showed a significantly lower incidence of pelvic obliquity at 2 years postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS Postoperative coronal decompensation more frequently occurred in patients with preoperative pelvic obliquity than in those without pelvic obliquity preoperatively. In addition, postoperative pelvic obliquity changes may be related to residual lumbar curve behavior.

Genes ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (11) ◽  
pp. 1791
Zhe Su ◽  
Yang Yang ◽  
Shengru Wang ◽  
Sen Zhao ◽  
Hengqiang Zhao ◽  

Depletion of ptk7 is associated with both congenital scoliosis (CS) and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in zebrafish models. However, only one human variant of PTK7 has been reported previously in a patient with AIS. In this study, we systemically investigated the variant landscape of PTK7 in 583 patients with CS and 302 patients with AIS from the Deciphering Disorders Involving Scoliosis and COmorbidities (DISCO) study. We identified a total of four rare variants in CS and four variants in AIS, including one protein truncating variant (c.464_465delAC) in a patient with CS. We then explored the effects of these variants on protein expression and sub-cellular location. We confirmed that the c.464_465delAC variant causes loss-of-function (LoF) of PTK7. In addition, the c.353C>T and c.2290G>A variants identified in two patients with AIS led to reduced protein expression of PTK7 as compared to that of the wild type. In conclusion, LoF and hypomorphic variants are associated with CS and AIS, respectively.

2013 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 144-147 ◽  
Charles H. Crawford ◽  
Leah Y. Carreon ◽  
Lawrence G. Lenke ◽  
Daniel J. Sucato ◽  
B. Stephens Richards

2013 ◽  
Vol 22 (S6) ◽  
pp. 859-867 ◽  
Giovanni Andrea La Maida ◽  
Leonardo Zottarelli ◽  
Giuseppe Vincenzo Mineo ◽  
Bernardo Misaggi

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