scholarly journals MicroRNAs regulate tight junction proteins and modulate epithelial/endothelial barrier functions

2014 ◽  
Vol 2 (4) ◽  
pp. e944446 ◽  
Christoph Cichon ◽  
Harshana Sabharwal ◽  
Christian Rüter ◽  
M Alexander Schmidt
2005 ◽  
Vol 43 (05) ◽  
Cs Páska ◽  
E Orbán ◽  
A Kiss ◽  
Zs Schaff ◽  
A Szijjártó ◽  

2017 ◽  
Vol 95 (3) ◽  
pp. 1313 ◽  
L. Zhang ◽  
L. F. Schütz ◽  
C. L. Robinson ◽  
M. L. Totty ◽  
L. J. Spicer

Lupus ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 30 (6) ◽  
pp. 926-936
Georges Maalouly ◽  
Joelle Hajal ◽  
Charbel Noujeim ◽  
Michel Choueiry ◽  
Hussein Nassereddine ◽  

Background Intestinal and hepatic manifestations of lupus seem to be underestimated in comparison to other major organ lesions. Although recent data point to gut-liver axis involvement in lupus, gut permeability dysfunction and liver inflammation need to be more investigated. Objective This study aims to assess fecal calprotectin, intestinal tight junction proteins and liver inflammation pathway in wild-type murine imiquimod- induced lupus. Methods C57BL/6 mice were topically treated on their right ears with 1.25 mg of 5% imiquimod cream, three times per week for six weeks. Fecal calprotectin was collected at day 0, 22 and 45. Renal, liver and intestinal pathology, as well as inflammatory markers, intestinal tight junction proteins, and E. coli protein in liver were assessed at sacrifice. Results At six weeks, lupus nephritis was confirmed on histopathology and NGAL and KIM-1 expression. Calprotectin rise started at day 22 and persists at day 45. Protein expression of Claudine, ZO-1 and occludin was significantly decreased. E. coli protein was significantly increased in liver with necro-inflammation and increased TLR4, TLR7, and pNFκB/NFκB liver expression. Conclusion This study is the first to demonstrate early fecal calprotectin increase and liver activation of TLR4- NFκB pathway in wild-type murine imiquimod-induced lupus.

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