gene expression
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2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 114482
Rui Liu ◽  
Zirong Wang ◽  
Jinyu Zheng ◽  
Zhaojin Xu ◽  
Xue Tang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 56 ◽  
pp. 39-49
Ignazio S Piras ◽  
Matthew J. Huentelman ◽  
Federica Pinna ◽  
Pasquale Paribello ◽  
Marco Solmi ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 548 ◽  
pp. 151683
Xin Dang ◽  
Zohaib Noor ◽  
Yuan-Qiu He ◽  
Yong-Kian Lim ◽  
Yang Zhang ◽  

2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
A. Al Hargan ◽  
M. H. Daghestani ◽  
A. H. Harrath

Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a disease with high incidence worldwide. As of 2018, it is the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. In Saudi Arabia, the incidence of this disease has been increasing in the younger population. Both genetic and lifestyle factors may have contributed to its increased incidence and pathogenesis. Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is a food flavor enhancer that can be found in many commercial foods, and it can sometimes be used as a substitute to table salt. MSG has been investigated for its possible genotoxicity, yielding controversial results. In the present study, the effect of MSG on cell viability and its effect on expression of APC, BECN1, and TP53 genes in SW620 and SW480 colon cancer cell lines were studied. TP53 is a tumor suppressor gene that functions in modifying DNA errors and/or inducing apoptosis of damaged cells, and both APC and BECN1 genes are involved in CRC and are of importance in cellular growth and metastasis. Cancer cell viability was analyzed using MTT assay, and the results showed a significant increase in the number of viable cells after 24 h of treatment with MSG with different concentrations (0.5, 1.0, 10, 50, and 100mM). Moreover, gene expression results showed a significant increase in the expression levels of APC and BECN1 under specified conditions in both cell lines; conversely, TP53 showed a significant decrease in expression in SW620 cells. Thus, it can be concluded that MSG possibly confers a pro-proliferative effect on CRC cells.

2023 ◽  
Vol 83 ◽  
I. Wibowo ◽  
N. Marlinda ◽  
F. R. Nasution ◽  
R. E. Putra ◽  
N. Utami ◽  

Abstract Although propolis has been reported for having anti-inflammatory activities, its effects on complement system has not been much studied. This research was conducted to find out the effects of Indonesian propolis on the expression levels of C3, C1r/s, Bf, MBL, and C6 in zebrafish larvae which were induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Counting of macrophages migrating to yolk sac and liver histology were carried out. Larvae were divided into four groups: CON (cultured in E3 medium only), LPS (cultured in a medium containing 0.5 μg/L LPS), LPSIBU (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then treated with 100 μg/L ibuprofen for 24 hours), and LPSPRO (cultured in a medium containing LPS, and then immersed in 14,000 μg/L propolis for 24 hours) groups. The results showed that complement gene expression in larvae from the LPSIBU and LPSPRO groups were generally lower than in larvae from the LPS group. The number of macrophage migrations to the yolk in the LPSPRO group was also lower than in the LPS group. Histological structure of liver in all groups were considered normal. This study shows that Indonesian propolis has the potential to be used as an alternative to the substitution of NSAIDs.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 100599
Riffat Bano ◽  
Shazia Shamas ◽  
Saeed ul H. Khan ◽  
Muhammad Shahab

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