Ventricular Tachycardia
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2021 ◽  
Vol 69 ◽  
pp. 111-118
Hideki Itoh ◽  
Takashi Murayama ◽  
Nagomi Kurebayashi ◽  
Seiko Ohno ◽  
Takuya Kobayashi ◽  

2021 ◽  
cuilan hou ◽  
Xunwei jiang ◽  
Qingzhu Qiu ◽  
Junmin Zheng ◽  
Shujia Lin ◽  

Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) has been considered as one of the most important causes of children's sudden cardiac death. Mutations in the genes for RyR2 and CASQ2, two mainly subtypes of CPVT, have been identified. However, the mutation in the gene of TECRL was rarely reported, which could be another genetic cause of CPVT. We evaluated myocardial contractility, electrophysiology, calcium handling in Tecrl knockout (Tecrl KO) mice and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes. Immediately after epinephrine plus caffeine injection, Tecrl KO mice showed much more multiple premature ventricular beats and ventricular tachycardia. The Tecrl KO mice demonstrate CPVT phenotypes. Mechanistically, intracellular calcium amplitude was reduced, while time to baseline of 50 was increased in acute isolated cardiomyocytes. RyR2 protein levels decreased significantly upon cycloheximide treatment in TECRL deficiency cardiomyocytes. Overexpression of TECRL and KN93 can partially reverse cardiomyocytes calcium dysfunction, and this is p-CaMKII/CaMKII dependent. Therefore, a new CPVT mouse model was constructed. We propose a previously unrecognized mechanism of TECRL and provide support for the therapeutic targeting of TECRL in treating CPVT

Hirotsugu Sato ◽  
Yuichi Hori ◽  
Reiko Fukuda ◽  
Shiro Nakahara

2021 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-6
Caitlin Celis ◽  
Melvin Willems ◽  
Ben Pellens ◽  
Stefanie Vandervelden ◽  

A 30-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency department one and half hours after severe bupropion extended-release intoxication, estimated to be between 18 and 36 g. She initially presented with seizures and later developed signs of cardiotoxicity with persisting sustained ventricular tachycardia. Despite multiple defibrillation attempts and the administration of sodium bicarbonate, calcium gluconate and magnesium, restoration of sinus rhythm was found unsuccessful. In another attempt to treat this refractory ventricular tachycardia lidocaine was given followed by deterioration to asystole. During cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), the quality of chest compression was assessed and optimised using transoesophageal echocardiography. Eventually venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) was needed to achieve hemodynamic stability. In this case report we discuss the successful use of VA-ECMO after bupropion intoxication, which has only been reported in 3 other cases but should be considered as one of the treatment options in severe overdose cases. Also, the rare complication of asystole after lidocaine administration and the value of transoesophageal echocardiography during CPR will be discussed.

Alice Maltret ◽  
Fatima Azzahrae Benaich ◽  
John Rendu ◽  
Véronique Fressart ◽  
Nathalie Roux-Buisson ◽  

Abstract Background Calmodulopathie is an emerging group of primary electrical disease with various, severe and early onset phenotype. Sudden cardiac arrest/death can be the first symptom and current medical management seams insufficient to prevent recurrences. Cardioverter defibrillator implantation (ICD) in the young is challenging and can be harmful. Case Summary We report the management of 2 very young boys (aged 3.5 and 5.5 years old) who survived a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) due to calmodulin mutation responsible of a catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia phenotype. In both case, SCA had an adrenergic trigger. Despite SCA, ICD implantation was denied by the parents. After thorough discussion with the family, the patients were managed with solely betablocker treatment and loop recorder implantation. At last follow-up of 30 and 23 months respectively, there were no recurrence of any cardiac event. Discussion The benefits of ICD implantation at a very young age must be weighed against the risk complication. In the youngest, whom recreative activities are under constant supervision, the decision, jointly made with the parents, could be to postpone ICD.

Corrado Carbucicchio ◽  
Daniele Andreini ◽  
Gaia Piperno ◽  
Valentina Catto ◽  
Edoardo Conte ◽  

Abstract Purpose We present the preliminary results of the STRA-MI-VT Study (NCT04066517), a spontaneous, phase Ib/II study, designed to prospectively test the safety and efficacy of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patientswith advanced cardiac disease and intractable ventricular tachycardia (VT). Methods Cardiac computed tomography (CT) integrated by electroanatomical mapping was used for substrate identification and merged with dedicated CT scans for treatment plan preparation. A single 25-Gy radioablation dose was delivered by a LINAC-based volumetric modulated arc therapy technique in a non-invasive matter. The primary safety endpoint was treatment-related adverse effects during acute and long-term follow-up (FU), obtained by regular in-hospital controls and implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) remote monitoring. The primary efficacy endpoint was the reduction at 3 and 6 months of VT episodes and ICD shocks. Results Seven out of eight patients (men; age, 70 ± 7 years; ejection fraction, 27 ± 11%; 3 ischemic, 4 non-ischemic cardiomyopathies) underwent SBRT. At a median 8-month FU, no treatment-related serious adverse event occurred. Three patients died from non-SBRT-related causes. Four patients completed the 6-month FU: the number of VT decreased from 29 ± 33 to 11 ± 9 (p = .05) and 2 ± 2 (p = .08), at 3 and 6 months, respectively; shocks decreased from 11 to 0 and 2, respectively. At 6 months, all patients. showed a significant reduction of VT episodes and no electrical storm recurrence, with the complete regression of iterative VTs in 2/2 patients. Conclusion The STRA-MI-VT Study suggests that SBRT can be considered an alternative option for the treatment of VT in patients with structural heart disease and highlights the need for further clinical investigation addressing safety and efficacy.

CHEST Journal ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 160 (4) ◽  
pp. A164
Naga Vaishnavi Gadela ◽  
Nino Nozadze ◽  
Evan Wasserman ◽  
Mahati Paravathaneni ◽  
Naveen Sablani

Alfredo Chauca-Tapia ◽  
David Soto-Iglesias ◽  
Diego Penela ◽  
Antonio Berruezo

CHEST Journal ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 160 (4) ◽  
pp. A212
Gagan Neupane ◽  
Bharadwaj Satyavolu ◽  
Anneka Hutton ◽  
Tracey Topacio ◽  
Raksha Sharma ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (Supplement_E) ◽  
pp. E112-E117
Carlo Pappone ◽  
Gabriele Negro ◽  
Giuseppe Ciconte

Abstract Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a relevant contributor to cardiovascular mortality, often occurring as a dramatic event. It can be the consequence of a ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF), a common and life-threatening arrhythmia. The underlying mechanisms of this catastrophic arrhythmia are poorly known. In fact, it can occur in the presence of a structural heart condition which itself generates the suitable substrate for this arrhythmia. Nevertheless, a VF may cause SCD also in young and otherwise healthy individuals, without overt structural abnormalities, generating difficulties in the screening and prevention of these patients. The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator represents the only therapy to contrast SCD by treating a VT/VF; however, it cannot prevent the occurrence of such arrhythmias. Catheter ablation is emerging as an essential therapeutic tool in the management of patients experiencing ventricular arrhythmias.

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