Left Bundle Branch Block
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2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Hugo De Carvalho ◽  
Lucas Leonard-Pons ◽  
Julien Segard ◽  
Nicolas Goffinet ◽  
François Javaudin ◽  

Abstract Background Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can be associated with myocardial injury. Identification of at-risk patients and mechanisms underlying cardiac involvement in COVID-19 remains unclear. During hospitalization for COVID-19, high troponin level has been found to be an independent variable associated with in-hospital mortality and a greater risk of complications. Electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities could be a useful tool to identify patients at risk of poor prognostic. The aim of our study was to assess if specific ECGs patterns could be related with in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients presenting to the ED in a European country. Methods From February 1st to May 31st, 2020, we conducted a multicenter study in three hospitals in France. We included adult patients (≥ 18 years old) who visited the ED during the study period, with ECG performed at ED admission and diagnosed with COVID-19. Demographic, comorbidities, drug exposures, signs and symptoms presented, and outcome data were extracted from electronic medical records using a standardized data collection form. The relationship between ECG abnormalities and in-hospital mortality was assessed using univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses. Results An ECG was performed on 275 patients who presented to the ED. Most of the ECGs were in normal sinus rhythm (87%), and 26 (10%) patients had atrial fibrillation/flutter on ECG at ED admission. Repolarization abnormalities represented the most common findings reported in the population (40%), with negative T waves representing 21% of all abnormalities. We found that abnormal axis (adjusted odds ratio: 3.9 [95% CI, 1.1–11.5], p = 0.02), and left bundle branch block (adjusted odds ratio: 7.1 [95% CI, 1.9–25.1], p = 0.002) were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. Conclusions ECG performed at ED admission may be useful to predict death in COVID-19 patients. Our data suggest that the presence of abnormal axis and left bundle branch block on ECG indicated a higher risk of in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients who presented to the ED. We also confirmed that ST segment elevation was rare in COVID-19 patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (12) ◽  
Muzamil Khawaja ◽  
Janki Thakker ◽  
Riyad Kherallah ◽  
Yumei Ye ◽  
Stephen W. Smith ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Caio Assis Moura Tavares ◽  
Nelson Samesima ◽  
Felippe Lazar Neto ◽  
Ludhmila Abrahão Hajjar ◽  
Lucas C. Godoy ◽  

Abstract Background Advanced age is associated with both left bundle branch block (LBBB) and hypertension and the usefulness of ECG criteria to detect left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) in patients with LBBB is still unclear. The diagnostic performance and clinical applicability of ECG-based LVH criteria in patients with LBBB defined by stricter ECG criteria is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of ECG criteria in patients with advanced age and strict LBBB criteria. Methods Retrospective single-center study conducted from Jan/2017 to Mar/2018. Patients undergoing both ECG and echocardiogram examinations were included. Ten criteria for ECG-based LVH were compared using LVH defined by the echocardiogram as the gold standard. Sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, likelihood ratios, AUC, and the Brier score were used to compare diagnostic performance and a decision curve analysis was performed. Results From 4621 screened patients, 68 were included, median age was 78.4 years, (IQR 73.3–83.4), 73.5% with hypertension. All ECG criteria failed to provide accurate discrimination of LVH with AUC range between 0.54 and 0.67, and no ECG criteria had a balanced tradeoff between sensitivity and specificity. No ECG criteria consistently improved the net benefit compared to the strategy of performing routine echocardiogram in all patients in the decision curve analysis within the 10–60% probability threshold range. Conclusion ECG-based criteria for LVH in patients with advanced age and true LBBB lack diagnostic accuracy or clinical usefulness and should not be routinely assessed.

2021 ◽  
Yan Chen ◽  
Yanjuan Zhang ◽  
Di Xu ◽  
Chun Chen ◽  
Changqing Miao ◽  

Abstract Purpose:The study aimed to investigate left ventricular (LV) motion pattern in patients with LBBB patterns including patients with pacemaker rhythm (PM), type B Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (B-WPW), premature ventricular complexes originating from the right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT-PVC), and complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB).Methods: Two-dimensional speckle tracking was used to evaluate peak value and time to peak value of the LV twist, LV apex rotation, and LV base rotation in patients with PM, B-WPW, RVOT-PVC, and CLBBB with normal LV ejection fraction, and in age-matched control subjects.Results: The LV motion patterns were altered in all patients compared to the control groups. Patients with PM and CLBBB had a similar LV motion pattern with a reduced peak value of LV apex rotation and LV twist. Patients with B-WPW demonstrated the opposite trend in the reduction of LV rotation peak value, which was more dominant in the basal layer. The most impairment in the LV twist/rotation peak value was identified in patients with RVOT-PVC. Compared to the control group, the apical-basal rotation delay was prolonged in patients with CLBBB, followed by those with B-WPW, RVAP, and RVOT-PVC.Conclusion: The LV motion patterns were different among patients with different patterns of LBBB. CLBBB and PM demonstrated a reduction in LV twist/rotation that was pronounced in the apical layer, B-WPW showed a reduction in the basal layer, and RVOT-PVC in both layers. CLBBB had the most pronounced LV apical-basal rotation dyssynchrony.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (4) ◽  
pp. 671-684
Margarida Pujol-López ◽  
José M. Tolosana ◽  
Gaurav A. Upadhyay ◽  
Lluís Mont ◽  
Roderick Tung

2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (9) ◽  
pp. 4500
L. M. Malishevsky ◽  
V. A. Kuznetsov ◽  
V. V. Todosiychuk ◽  
N. E. Shirokov ◽  
D. S. Lebedev

Aim. To analyze the prognostic value of 18 electrocardiographic (ECG) markers of left bundle branch block (LBBB) in predicting left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling in patients receiving cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT).Material and methods. The study included 98 patients. Depending on the presence of reverse remodeling during CRT, defined as a decrease in LV endsystolic volume ≥15%, the patients were divided into two groups: non-responders (n=33) and responders (n=65). We selected and analyzed 18 ECG markers included in 9 LBBB criteria.Results. Among the ECG markers significantly associated with reverse remodeling during CRT, the absence of q wave in leads V5-V6 demonstrated the highest sensitivity (92,31%), a negative predictive value (70,59%) and overall accuracy (73,47%). Normal internal deviation interval of the R wave in leads V1-V3 was also associated with the best sensitivity (92.31%), while QS with a positive T in lead aVR — the best specificity (69,7%). Discordant T wave demonstrated the highest positive predictive value (80,33%). Multivariate analysis revealed following ECG signs independently associated with reverse remodeling during CRT: QRS complex duration (odds ratio (OR)=1,022; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1,001-1,043; p=0,040); absence of q wave in leads V5-V6 (OR=4,076; 95% CI: 1,071-15,51; p=0,039); discordant T wave (OR=4,565; 95% CI: 1,708-12,202; p=0,002). These ECG findings were combined into a mathematical model that demonstrated high predictive power (AUC=0,81 [0,722-0,898], p<0,001). Once the cut-off point was determined, a binary variable was obtained that showed higher sensitivity, negative predictive value, and overall accuracy when compared with the actual LBBB criteria. The 5-year survival rate among patients with a model value above the cut-off point was 84,4%, while in patients with a value below the cut-off point — 50% (Log-rank test, p=0,001). To improve usability of the model, a mobile application was developed.Conclusion. For the first time, the diagnostic value of ECG markers of LBBB were analyzed and a mathematical model with ECG signs was proposed to predict reverse remodeling in patients receiving CRT.

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