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2021 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Raluca Sirbu Prisecaru ◽  
Cristina Leatu ◽  
Leila Riahi ◽  
Victor Costache

Abstract Purpose To compare the predictive accuracy of five different algorithms as verified by successful ablation site using 3D electroanatomical non-contact mapping in patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic but high ventricular burden RVOT tachycardias. Methods 28 Consecutive patients admitted for radiofrequency catheter ablation for symptomatic and asymptomatic, but high ventricular burden idiopathic VPC were recruited for this study. All patients had previous failed or intolerant to beta-blocker and/or at least one class IC anti-arrhythmic agents, and they had normal left ventricular ejection fraction. All patients had documented monomorphic VPC with left bundle branch block morphology and an inferior axis. Concordance of the arrhythmia origin based on ECG algorithm and 3D mapping system site were further evaluated. Of the five algorithms, two algorithms with easy‐applicability and having a memorable design (Dixit and Joshi) and three algorithms with more complex and detailed design (Ito, Zhang, Pytkowski) were selected for comparisons. Results Assessment of the diagnostic accuracy showed that each of the five algorithms had only moderate accuracy, and the greatest accuracy was observed in the algorithm proposed by Pytkowski algorithm when assessed by a general cardiologist and Dixit algorithm when evaluated by the electrophysiologist. However, when the algorithms were compared for their accuracy, specificity, sensitivity, no significant differences were found (p = 0.99). Conclusions The ECG based algorithms for precise localising RVOTA origin simplify the mapping process, reduce the procedural and fluoroscopic time, and improve clinical outcomes, resulting in greater clinical utility. All the five published 12-lead ECG algorithms for ROTVA differentiation were similar in terms of the diagnostic accuracy, specificity, sensitivity and LRs.

2021 ◽  
Tianping Chen ◽  
Xu Geng ◽  
Yaxing Fang ◽  
Yuchun Yin ◽  
Naiju Zhang

Abstract Background This study investigated the predictive value of preoperative QRS duration (ORSd) in responsiveness of chronic heart failure (CHF) patients with pacemaker indications to the left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP). Methods Thirty-one CHF patients with cardiac function categorized as NYHA class II or above and indications for pacemaker therapy who successfully underwent LBBAP treatment were enrolled in this study. Based on the 12-month postoperative responsiveness to treatment, patients were divided into a responsiveness group (n=18) and a no-responsiveness group (n=13). Data from all patients were collected for analysis. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent factors associated with the responsiveness to LBBAP treatment. Results Among the 31 patients with LBBAP, 16 patients (51.6%) responded to the treatment, and 15 patients (48.4%) had no response. There were significant differences between these two groups with regard to complete left bundle branch block (CLBBB), preoperative QRSd, and preoperative left ventricular peak time (LVAT). Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that CLBBB, preoperative QRSd, and preoperative LVAT were all significantly correlated with responsiveness to LBBAP. Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that ORSd was an independent predictor of responsiveness to LBBAP. The maximum area under the ROC curve for QRSd was 0.827, the maximum Youden index was 0.679, with the optimal cutoff point of QRSd ≥ 153 ms, a sensitivity of 81.3%, and a specificity of 86.7%. Conclusion Preoperative ORSd predicts the responsiveness of CHF patients with pacemaker indications to LBBAP.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Yuchao Guo ◽  
Dao Zhou ◽  
Mengqiu Dang ◽  
Yuxing He ◽  
Shenwei Zhang ◽  

Objective: To evaluate the predictors of new-onset conduction disturbances in bicuspid aortic valve patients using self-expanding valve and identify modifiable technical factors.Background: New-onset conduction disturbances (NOCDs), including complete left bundle branch block and high-grade atrioventricular block, remain the most common complication after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR).Methods: A total of 209 consecutive bicuspid patients who underwent self-expanding TAVR in 5 centers in China were enrolled from February 2016 to September 2020. The optimal cut-offs in this study were generated from receiver operator characteristic curve analyses. The infra-annular and coronal membranous septum (MS) length was measured in preoperative computed tomography. MSID was calculated by subtracting implantation depth measure on postoperative computed tomography from infra-annular MS or coronal MS length.Results: Forty-two (20.1%) patients developed complete left bundle branch block and 21 (10.0%) patients developed high-grade atrioventricular block after TAVR, while 61 (29.2%) patients developed NOCDs. Coronal MS <4.9 mm (OR: 3.08, 95% CI: 1.63–5.82, p = 0.001) or infra-annular MS <3.7 mm (OR: 2.18, 95% CI: 1.04–4.56, p = 0.038) and left ventricular outflow tract perimeter <66.8 mm (OR: 4.95 95% CI: 1.59–15.45, p = 0.006) were powerful predictors of NOCDs. The multivariate model including age >73 years (OR: 2.26, 95% CI: 1.17–4.36, p = 0.015), Δcoronal MSID <1.8 mm (OR: 7.87, 95% CI: 2.84–21.77, p < 0.001) and prosthesis oversizing ratio on left ventricular outflow tract >3.2% (OR: 3.42, 95% CI: 1.74–6.72, p < 0.001) showed best predictive value of NOCDs, with c-statistic = 0.768 (95% CI: 0.699–0.837, p < 0.001). The incidence of NOCDs was much lower (7.5 vs. 55.2%, p < 0.001) in patients without Δcoronal MSID <1.8 mm and prosthesis oversizing ratio on left ventricular outflow tract >3.2% compared with patients who had these two risk factors.Conclusion: The risk of NOCDs in bicuspid aortic stenosis patients could be evaluated based on MS length and prosthesis oversizing ratio. Implantation depth guided by MS length and reducing the oversizing ratio might be a feasible strategy for heavily calcified bicuspid patients with short MS.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (22) ◽  
pp. 5450
Mohamed Sraitih ◽  
Younes Jabrane ◽  
Amir Hajjam El Hassani

The new advances in multiple types of devices and machine learning models provide opportunities for practical automatic computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems for ECG classification methods to be practicable in an actual clinical environment. This imposes the requirements for the ECG arrhythmia classification methods that are inter-patient. We aim in this paper to design and investigate an automatic classification system using a new comprehensive ECG database inter-patient paradigm separation to improve the minority arrhythmical classes detection without performing any features extraction. We investigated four supervised machine learning models: support vector machine (SVM), k-nearest neighbors (KNN), Random Forest (RF), and the ensemble of these three methods. We test the performance of these techniques in classifying: Normal beat (NOR), Left Bundle Branch Block Beat (LBBB), Right Bundle Branch Block Beat (RBBB), Premature Atrial Contraction (PAC), and Premature Ventricular Contraction (PVC), using inter-patient real ECG records from MIT-DB after segmentation and normalization of the data, and measuring four metrics: accuracy, precision, recall, and f1-score. The experimental results emphasized that with applying no complicated data pre-processing or feature engineering methods, the SVM classifier outperforms the other methods using our proposed inter-patient paradigm, in terms of all metrics used in experiments, achieving an accuracy of 0.83 and in terms of computational cost, which remains a very important factor in implementing classification models for ECG arrhythmia. This method is more realistic in a clinical environment, where varieties of ECG signals are collected from different patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Meganne N. Ferrel ◽  
Sentia Iriana ◽  
I. Raymond Thomason ◽  
Christy L. Ma ◽  
Katsiaryna Tsarova ◽  

Abstract Background Constrictive pericarditis (CP) is characterized by scarring and loss of elasticity of the pericardium. This case demonstrates that mixed martial arts (MMA) is a previously unrecognized risk factor for CP, diagnosis of which is supported by cardiac imaging, right and left heart catheterization, and histological findings of dense fibrous tissue without chronic inflammation. Case presentation A 47-year-old Caucasian male former mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter from the Western United States presented to liver clinic for elevated liver injury tests (LIT) and a 35-pound weight loss with associated diarrhea, lower extremity edema, dyspnea on exertion, and worsening fatigue over a period of 6 months. Past medical history includes concussion, right bundle branch block, migraine headache, hypertension, chronic pain related to musculoskeletal injuries and fractures secondary to MMA competition. Involvement in MMA was extensive with an 8-year history of professional MMA competition and 13-year history of MMA fighting with recurrent trauma to the chest wall. The patient also reported a 20-year history of performance enhancing drugs including testosterone. Physical exam was notable for elevated jugular venous pressure, hepatomegaly, and trace peripheral edema. An extensive workup was performed including laboratory studies, abdominal computerized tomography, liver biopsy, echocardiogram, and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging. Finally, right and left heart catheterization—the gold standard—confirmed discordance of the right ventricle-left ventricle, consistent with constrictive physiology. Pericardiectomy was performed with histologic evidence of chronic pericarditis. The patient’s hospital course was uncomplicated and he returned to NYHA functional class I. Conclusions CP can be a sequela of recurrent pericarditis or hemorrhagic effusions and may have a delayed presentation. In cases of recurrent trauma, CP may be managed with pericardiectomy with apparent good outcome. Further studies are warranted to analyze the occurrence of CP in MMA so as to better define the risk in such adults.

Stefano Maffè ◽  
Paola Paffoni ◽  
Luca Bergamasco ◽  
Eleonora Prenna ◽  
Giulia Careri ◽  

Giant coronary artery aneurysm is an uncommon disease, treated with surgical intervention or percutaneous coil embolization. A thrombosed aneurysm can cause extrinsic compression on the cardiac chambers, with potential hemodynamic effects and may cause problems when we need to implant a cardiac device. We present a case of difficult pacemaker implantation in a patient with 3 syncopes, first-degree AV block and complete left bundle branch block on electrocardiogram. The patient presented a giant aneurysm of the right coronary artery (85 x 90 mm), thrombosed, with right atrial compression. The pacemaker implantation was hampered by the difficulty of passing the lead through the compressed right atrium; indeed, only with   simultaneous echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance, was it possible to complete the procedure. This case demonstrates the utility of echocardiogram, in particular settings, in cardiac stimulation procedures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Hugo De Carvalho ◽  
Lucas Leonard-Pons ◽  
Julien Segard ◽  
Nicolas Goffinet ◽  
François Javaudin ◽  

Abstract Background Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can be associated with myocardial injury. Identification of at-risk patients and mechanisms underlying cardiac involvement in COVID-19 remains unclear. During hospitalization for COVID-19, high troponin level has been found to be an independent variable associated with in-hospital mortality and a greater risk of complications. Electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities could be a useful tool to identify patients at risk of poor prognostic. The aim of our study was to assess if specific ECGs patterns could be related with in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients presenting to the ED in a European country. Methods From February 1st to May 31st, 2020, we conducted a multicenter study in three hospitals in France. We included adult patients (≥ 18 years old) who visited the ED during the study period, with ECG performed at ED admission and diagnosed with COVID-19. Demographic, comorbidities, drug exposures, signs and symptoms presented, and outcome data were extracted from electronic medical records using a standardized data collection form. The relationship between ECG abnormalities and in-hospital mortality was assessed using univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses. Results An ECG was performed on 275 patients who presented to the ED. Most of the ECGs were in normal sinus rhythm (87%), and 26 (10%) patients had atrial fibrillation/flutter on ECG at ED admission. Repolarization abnormalities represented the most common findings reported in the population (40%), with negative T waves representing 21% of all abnormalities. We found that abnormal axis (adjusted odds ratio: 3.9 [95% CI, 1.1–11.5], p = 0.02), and left bundle branch block (adjusted odds ratio: 7.1 [95% CI, 1.9–25.1], p = 0.002) were significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. Conclusions ECG performed at ED admission may be useful to predict death in COVID-19 patients. Our data suggest that the presence of abnormal axis and left bundle branch block on ECG indicated a higher risk of in-hospital mortality in COVID-19 patients who presented to the ED. We also confirmed that ST segment elevation was rare in COVID-19 patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (12) ◽  
Muzamil Khawaja ◽  
Janki Thakker ◽  
Riyad Kherallah ◽  
Yumei Ye ◽  
Stephen W. Smith ◽  

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