pacemaker implantation
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2022 ◽  
Vol 38 ◽  
pp. 100936
M.Y. Errahmani ◽  
J. Thariat ◽  
J. Ferrières ◽  
L. Panh ◽  
M. Locquet ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 443
Ahmed Elkoumy ◽  
John Jose ◽  
Christian J. Terkelsen ◽  
Henrik Nissen ◽  
Sengottuvelu Gunasekaran ◽  

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common valvular congenital anomaly and is apparent in nearly 50% of candidates for AV replacement. While transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a recommended treatment for patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) at all surgical risk levels, experience with TAVI in severe bicuspid AS is limited. TAVI in BAV is still a challenge due to its association with multiple and complex anatomical considerations. A retrospective study has been conducted to investigate TAVI’s procedural and 30-day outcomes using the Myval transcatheter heart valve (THV) (Meril Life Sciences Pvt. Ltd. Vapi, Gujarat, India) in patients with severe bicuspid AS. Data were collected on 68 patients with severe bicuspid AS who underwent TAVI with the Myval THV. Baseline characteristics, procedural, 30-day echocardiographic and clinical outcomes were collected. The mean age and STS PROM score were 72.6 ± 9.4 and 3.54 ± 2.1. Procedures were performed via the transfemoral route in 98.5%. Major vascular complications (1.5%) and life-threatening bleeding (1.5%) occurred infrequently. No patient had coronary obstruction, second valve implantation or conversion to surgery. On 30-day echocardiography, the mean transvalvular gradient and effective orifice area were 9.8 ± 4.5 mmHg and 1.8 ± 0.4 cm2, respectively. None/trace aortic regurgitation occurred in 76.5%, mild AR in 20.5% and moderate AR in 3%. The permanent pacemaker implantation rate was 8.5% and 30-day all-cause death occurred in 3.0% of cases. TAVI with the Myval THV in selected BAV anatomy is associated with favorable short-term hemodynamic and clinical outcomes.

Minati Choudhury ◽  
Jitin Narula ◽  
Milind P. Hote ◽  
Sarita Mohapatra

AbstractPermanent pacemaker implantation in low birthweight (LBW) babies with congenital complete heart block is extremely challenging due to a paucity of appropriate pulse generator placement pocket sites. The development of infection following an implantation procedure can pose a life-threatening risk to the patients. With more patients in the younger group receiving these devices than ever before and the rate of infection increasing rapidly, a closer look at the burden of infection and its impact on outcome of these patients is warranted. We report mucormycosis infection at the abdominal pacemaker pocket site of an infant requiring pacemaker explantation and re-insertion into the intrapleural space.

Li Bicong ◽  
John Carson Allen ◽  
Kelly Arps ◽  
Sana M. Al‐Khatib ◽  
Tristram D. Bahnson ◽  

Tomofumi Mizuno ◽  
Nobuhiro Nishii ◽  
Hiroshi Morita ◽  
Hiroshi Ito

Abstract Background The frequency of arrhythmias increases after the Fontan operation over time; atrial tachycardia (AT) and sinus node dysfunction (SND) are frequently observed. Case summary Our patient was 63-year-old woman who underwent a lateral tunnel Fontan operation for double outlet right ventricle at age 36. She experienced paroxysmal AT for one year, and antiarrhythmic medication was not feasible due to symptomatic SND. Computed tomography revealed a 45 mm-sized thrombus in the high right atrium (RA). The patient had three coexisting conditions: paroxysmal AT, symptomatic SND and the RA thrombus, for which total cavopulmonary connection conversion and epicardial PMI would have been effective; however, given her age and comorbidities, surgical treatment was considered high-risk. Catheter ablation was avoided because of the RA thrombus. Finally, a transvenous pacemaker was implanted via the right femoral vein to avoid the RA thrombus and severe venous tortuosity from the left subclavian vein to the RA. After PMI, the patient was prescribed amiodarone and bisoprolol for AT suppression. AT occurred once in the third month after discharge. We increased the dose of amiodarone, and she has been tachycardia-free. Discussion Transvenous PMI must be considered in cases where open thoracic surgery or catheter ablation cannot be performed. This is the first report of transvenous PMI via the right femoral vein and successful AT and SND management in an elderly Fontan patient.

Robert D. Tunks ◽  
John L. Myers ◽  
Mark H. Cohen ◽  
Kevin Moser ◽  
Jason R. Imundo

Given the lack of systemic venous return to the heart, palliated single ventricle patients frequently require epicardial pacemaker implantation for management of dysrhythmias including sinus node dysfunction, atrial arrhythmias, and heart block. Repeated device hardware replacement, frequently required due to high lead thresholds or other device failure, is a challenging and significant problem for this population. 3-dimensional imaging can assist in delineating the cardiac anatomy allowing for novel approaches to intervention. We review a patient with extracardiac Fontan circulation who underwent placement of an endocardial atrial pacemaker lead via a transmural approach with a 3D-printed model used for procedural guidance.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Zai-Qiang Zhang ◽  
Jia-Wang Ding

Abstract Background This case report presents a patient diagnosed with sick sinus syndrome who was successfully treated with permanent His-bundle pacing (PHBP). Case presentation A 36-year-old man was transferred to our hospital due to recurrent syncope. He was diagnosed with sick sinus syndrome based on the 24-h Holter and a history of syncope. He was admitted to hospital and successfully treated with PHBP. The postoperative examination showed that the pacing rhythm, pacemaker pacing and perception function were normal. He was discharged without any complications after a successful pacemaker implantation. Conclusions We described a case in which PHBP may become an optimal approach to the management of patients with sick sinus syndrome. Right ventricular pacing has been attempted with inconsistent efficacy outcomes. HBP provides a promising alternative pacing option that might provide symptom resolution to patients with sick sinus syndrome.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Francesco Fortunato ◽  
Angelo Labate ◽  
Michele Trimboli ◽  
Carmen Spaccarotella ◽  
Ciro Indolfi ◽  

Introduction: Ictal asystole (IA) is a rare, underestimated, and life-threatening cause of transient loss of consciousness and fall. Current treatment options for seizures associated with IA usually include cardiac pacemaker implantation. We report, for the first time, a case of IA that is related to coronary stenosis, which was resolved after coronary angioplasty.Case Presentation: A 73-year-old man had a 2-year history of focal seizures with impaired awareness. Three months before our observation, he started to have sudden falls resulting in injury on several occasions. General and neurological examinations, as well as brain MRI, were unremarkable. Interictal electroencephalography (EEG) showed bitemporal spiking. Ictal video-polygraphy revealed a diffuse electrodecrement, followed by a buildup of rhythmic 4–6 Hz sharp activity, which was more evident in the left temporal region. After the seizure onset, the ECG showed sinus bradycardia, followed by sinus arrest that was associated with the patient's fall from the standing position. Afterwards, sinus rhythm returned spontaneously. A diagnosis of IA was made. A comprehensive cardiologic evaluation revealed a sub-occlusive stenosis of the left anterior descending artery. Successful coronary angioplasty resolved IA, levetiracetam was added, and no seizure or fall has occurred in the following 20 months. Moreover, he underwent a 7-day Holter ECG monitoring, and no asystole was depicted.Conclusion: The present case was unique as it shows the potential association between IA and coronary stenosis, also suggesting a possible therapeutic role for coronary angioplasty. It also highlights the importance of carefully investigating epilepsy patients with falls, especially in the elderly, since IA-related falls can be easily misdiagnosed in older age. Thus, if IA is identified, a deeper cardiac evaluation should be considered. As seen in our patient, non-invasive diagnostic examination including routine, prolonged, and exercise ECG, as well as echocardiogram, were readily available and were informative in diagnosing cardiac abnormalities that are amenable to specific treatment.

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