wave turbulence
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2022 ◽  
Vol 933 ◽  
Zhou Zhang ◽  
Yulin Pan

In this paper, we numerically study the wave turbulence of surface gravity waves in the framework of Euler equations of the free surface. The purpose is to understand the variation of the scaling of the spectra with wavenumber $k$ and energy flux $P$ at different nonlinearity levels under different forcing/free-decay conditions. For all conditions (free decay and narrow-band and broad-band forcing) that we consider, we find that the spectral forms approach the wave turbulence theory (WTT) solution $S_\eta \sim k^{-5/2}$ and $S_\eta \sim P^{1/3}$ at high nonlinearity levels. With a decrease of nonlinearity level, the spectra for all cases become steeper, with the narrow-band forcing case exhibiting the most rapid deviation from WTT. We investigate bound waves and the finite-size effect as possible mechanisms causing the spectral variations. Through a tri-coherence analysis, we find that the finite-size effect is present in all cases, which is responsible for the overall steepening of the spectra and the reduced capacity of energy flux at lower nonlinearity levels. The fraction of bound waves in the domain generally decreases with the decrease of nonlinearity level, except for the narrow-band case, which exhibits a transition at a critical nonlinearity level below which a rapid increase is observed. This increase serves as the main reason for the fastest deviation from WTT with the decrease of nonlinearity in the narrow-band forcing case.

2021 ◽  
pp. 104981
Adil Jhangeer ◽  
Muhammad Muddassar ◽  
Jan Awrejcewicz ◽  
Zarmeena Naz ◽  
Muhammad Bilal Riaz

2021 ◽  
Vol 923 (1) ◽  
pp. 103
C. Krafft ◽  
A. S. Volokitin

Abstract Solar coronal and wind plasmas often contain density fluctuations of various scales and amplitudes. The scattering of Langmuir wave turbulence on these inhomogeneities modifies the properties of the radiated electromagnetic emissions traveling from the Sun to the Earth. This paper shows the similarities between the physical results obtained by (i) a model based on the Zakharov equations, describing the self-consistent dynamics of Langmuir wave turbulence spectra in a plasma with external density fluctuations, and (ii) a modeling, within the framework of geometric optics approximation, of quasi-particles (representing plasmon quanta) moving in a fluctuating potential. It is shown that the dynamics of the Langmuir spectra is governed by anomalous diffusion processes, as a result of multiple scattering of waves on the density fluctuations; the same dynamics are observed in the momenta distributions of quasi-particles moving in potential structures with random inhomogeneities. These spectra and distributions are both characterized by a fast broadening during which energy is transported to larger wavevectors and momenta, exhibiting nonlinear time dependence of the average squares of wavevectors and quasi-particle momenta as well as non-Gaussian tails in the asymptotic stage. The corresponding diffusion coefficients depend on the time and are proportional to the square of the average level of density (or potential) fluctuations. It appears that anomalous transport and superdiffusion phenomena are responsible for the spectral broadening.

Simon Thalabard ◽  
Sergey Medvedev ◽  
Vladimir Grebenev ◽  
Sergey Nazarenko

Abstract We analyze a family of fourth-order non-linear diffusion models corresponding to local approximations of 4-wave kinetic equations of weak wave turbulence. We focus on a class of parameters for which a dual cascade behaviour is expected with an infrared finite-time singularity associated to inverse transfer of waveaction. This case is relevant for wave turbulence arising in the Nonlinear Schrödinger model and for the gravitational waves in the Einstein’s vacuum field model. We show that inverse transfer is not described by a scaling of the constant-flux solution but has an anomalous scaling. We compute the anomalous exponents and analyze their origin using the theory of dynamical systems.

2021 ◽  
Vol 28 (10) ◽  
pp. 102304
M. Sasaki ◽  
H. Arakawa ◽  
T. Kobayashi ◽  
F. Kin ◽  
Y. Kawachi ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 54 (1) ◽  
Eric Falcon ◽  
Nicolas Mordant

The last decade has seen a significant increase in the number of studies devoted to wave turbulence. Many deal with water waves, as modeling of ocean waves has historically motivated the development of weak turbulence theory, which addresses the dynamics of a random ensemble of weakly nonlinear waves in interaction. Recent advances in experiments have shown that this theoretical picture is too idealized to capture experimental observations. While gravity dominates much of the oceanic spectrum, waves observed in the laboratory are in fact gravity–capillary waves, due to the restricted size of wave basins. This richer physics induces many interleaved physical effects far beyond the theoretical framework, notably in the vicinity of the gravity–capillary crossover. These include dissipation, finite–system size effects, and finite nonlinearity effects. Simultaneous space-and-time-resolved techniques, now available, open the way for a much more advanced analysis of these effects. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 54 is January 2022. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

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