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2022 ◽  
Vol 142 ◽  
pp. 106443
Salma Aman ◽  
Hind Albalawi ◽  
Hafiz Muhammad Tahir Farid ◽  
Khaled H. Mahmoud ◽  
Zeinhom M. El-Bahy

2022 ◽  
Vol 243 ◽  
pp. 118650
Sayed Ali Khan ◽  
Noor Zamin Khan ◽  
Yinong Xie ◽  
Muhammad Rauf ◽  
Ikhtisham Mehmood ◽  

2022 ◽  
Wenhua Wang ◽  
Yicheng Yang ◽  
Qinwei Xu ◽  
Shunli Wang ◽  
Li Zhang ◽  

Abstract Gastric signet ring cell carcinoma is a rare and highly malignant adenocarcinoma, which is characterized by early metastasis, rapid progression and poor prognosis. Several studies have shown that early-stage gastric signet ring cell carcinoma may have equal or better prognosis than other types of gastric cancer. However, most of the early-stage lesions are difficult to detect by endoscopy. Two female cases of early-stage gastric signet ring cell carcinoma with atrophic background mucosa occurring in the middle and lower part of the stomach were found in our endoscopy center. The diagnosis was confirmed by upper gastrointestinal white light endoscopy combined with narrow-band imaging and endoscopic biopsy, both lesions less than 2.0cm in diameter were surgically removed and identified as intramucosal adenocarcinoma. Through these two cases, we aim to illustrate the difficulty of early detection of gastric signet ring cell carcinoma with mucosal atrophy. We can roughly identify the demarcation of the lesion by combining white light endoscopy and narrow-band imaging, and slightly irregular microsurface and microvascular pattern of the lesion were found via magnifying endoscopic observation, but the demarcation can hardly be accurately identified.

Randy Lemons ◽  
Nicole Neveu ◽  
Joseph Duris ◽  
Agostino Marinelli ◽  
Charles Durfee ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 304
Qisong Wu ◽  
Youhai Xu

Large-aperture towed linear hydrophone array has been widely used for beamforming-based signal enhancement in passive sonar systems; however, its performance can drastically decrease due to the array distortion caused by rapid tactical maneuvers of the towed platform, oceanic currents, hydrodynamic effects, etc. In this paper, an enhanced data-driven shape array estimation scheme is provided in the passive underwater acoustic data, and a novel nonlinear outlier-robust particle filter (ORPF) method is proposed to acquire enhanced estimates of time delays in the presence of distorted hydrophone array. A conventional beamforming technique based on a hypothetical array is first used, and the detection of the narrow-band components is sequentially carried out so that the corresponding amplitudes and phases at these narrow-band components can be acquired. We convert the towed array estimation problem into a nonlinear discrete-time filtering problem with the joint estimates of amplitudes and time-delay differences, and then propose the ORPF method to acquire enhanced estimates of the time delays by exploiting the underlying properties of slowly changing time-delay differences across sensors. The proposed scheme fully exploits directional radiated noise targets as sources of opportunity for online array shape estimation, and thus it requires neither the number nor direction of sources to be known in advance. Both simulations and real experimental data show the effectiveness of the proposed method.

Masato Yamaguchi ◽  
Daishi Shiojiri ◽  
Tsutomu Iida ◽  
Naomi Hirayama ◽  

Abstract The narrow-gap semiconductor α-SrSi2 is a promising candidate for low-temperature thermoelectric applications with low environmental load. The only experimental report in which α-SrSi2 is reported to have n-type conductivity is one where it had been doped with yttrium. To further clarify the effects of impurities, theoretical studies are needed. The α-SrSi2 has a very narrow band gap (~13–35 meV), causing difficulties in the accurate calculation of the electronic and thermoelectric properties. In our previous study, we overcame this problem for undoped α-SrSi2 using hybrid functional theory. We used this method in this study to investigate the structures, energetic stabilities, electronic structures, and thermoelectric properties of Y-doped α-SrSi2. The results indicate that substitution at Sr-sites is energetically about two times more stable than that at Si-sites. Furthermore, negative Seebeck coefficients were obtained at low temperatures and reverted to p-type with increasing temperature, which is consistent with the experimental results.

2022 ◽  
Vol 933 ◽  
Zhou Zhang ◽  
Yulin Pan

In this paper, we numerically study the wave turbulence of surface gravity waves in the framework of Euler equations of the free surface. The purpose is to understand the variation of the scaling of the spectra with wavenumber $k$ and energy flux $P$ at different nonlinearity levels under different forcing/free-decay conditions. For all conditions (free decay and narrow-band and broad-band forcing) that we consider, we find that the spectral forms approach the wave turbulence theory (WTT) solution $S_\eta \sim k^{-5/2}$ and $S_\eta \sim P^{1/3}$ at high nonlinearity levels. With a decrease of nonlinearity level, the spectra for all cases become steeper, with the narrow-band forcing case exhibiting the most rapid deviation from WTT. We investigate bound waves and the finite-size effect as possible mechanisms causing the spectral variations. Through a tri-coherence analysis, we find that the finite-size effect is present in all cases, which is responsible for the overall steepening of the spectra and the reduced capacity of energy flux at lower nonlinearity levels. The fraction of bound waves in the domain generally decreases with the decrease of nonlinearity level, except for the narrow-band case, which exhibits a transition at a critical nonlinearity level below which a rapid increase is observed. This increase serves as the main reason for the fastest deviation from WTT with the decrease of nonlinearity in the narrow-band forcing case.

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