traffic prediction
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2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-18
Chen Chen ◽  
Lei Liu ◽  
Shaohua Wan ◽  
Xiaozhe Hui ◽  
Qingqi Pei

As a key use case of Industry 4.0 and the Smart City, the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) provides an efficient way for city managers to regulate the traffic flow, improve the commuting performance, reduce the transportation facility cost, alleviate the traffic jam, and so on. In fact, the significant development of Internet of Vehicles has boosted the emergence of a variety of Industry 4.0 applications, e.g., smart logistics, intelligent transforation, and autonomous driving. The prerequisite of deploying these applications is the design of efficient data dissemination schemes by which the interactive information could be effectively exchanged. However, in Internet of Vehicles, an efficient data scheme should adapt to the high node movement and frequent network changing. To achieve the objective, the ability to predict short-term traffic is crucial for making optimal policy in advance. In this article, we propose a novel data dissemination scheme by exploring short-term traffic prediction for Industry 4.0 applications enabled in Internet of Vehicles. First, we present a three-tier network architecture with the aim to simply network management and reduce communication overheads. To capture dynamic network changing, a deep learning network is employed by the controller in this architecture to predict short-term traffic with the availability of enormous traffic data. Based on the traffic prediction, each road segment can be assigned a weight through the built two-dimensional delay model, enabling the controller to make routing decisions in advance. With the global weight information, the controller leverages the ant colony optimization algorithm to find the optimal routing path with minimum delay. Extensive simulations are carried out to demonstrate the accuracy of the traffic prediction model and the superiority of the proposed data dissemination scheme for Industry 4.0 applications.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
pp. 1-19
Yingxue Zhang ◽  
Yanhua Li ◽  
Xun Zhou ◽  
Jun Luo ◽  
Zhi-Li Zhang

Urban traffic status (e.g., traffic speed and volume) is highly dynamic in nature, namely, varying across space and evolving over time. Thus, predicting such traffic dynamics is of great importance to urban development and transportation management. However, it is very challenging to solve this problem due to spatial-temporal dependencies and traffic uncertainties. In this article, we solve the traffic dynamics prediction problem from Bayesian meta-learning perspective and propose a novel continuous spatial-temporal meta-learner (cST-ML), which is trained on a distribution of traffic prediction tasks segmented by historical traffic data with the goal of learning a strategy that can be quickly adapted to related but unseen traffic prediction tasks. cST-ML tackles the traffic dynamics prediction challenges by advancing the Bayesian black-box meta-learning framework through the following new points: (1) cST-ML captures the dynamics of traffic prediction tasks using variational inference, and to better capture the temporal uncertainties within tasks, cST-ML performs as a rolling window within each task; (2) cST-ML has novel designs in architecture, where CNN and LSTM are embedded to capture the spatial-temporal dependencies between traffic status and traffic-related features; (3) novel training and testing algorithms for cST-ML are designed. We also conduct experiments on two real-world traffic datasets (taxi inflow and traffic speed) to evaluate our proposed cST-ML. The experimental results verify that cST-ML can significantly improve the urban traffic prediction performance and outperform all baseline models especially when obvious traffic dynamics and temporal uncertainties are presented.

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 303
Haiqiang Yang ◽  
Xinming Zhang ◽  
Zihan Li ◽  
Jianxun Cui

Region-level traffic information can characterize dynamic changes of urban traffic at the macro level. Real-time region-level traffic prediction help city traffic managers with traffic demand analysis, traffic congestion control, and other activities, and it has become a research hotspot. As more vehicles are equipped with GPS devices, remote sensing data can be collected and used to conduct data-driven region-level-based traffic prediction. However, due to dynamism and randomness of urban traffic and the complexity of urban road networks, the study of such issues faces many challenges. This paper proposes a new deep learning model named TmS-GCN to predict region-level traffic information, which is composed of Graph Convolutional Network (GCN) and Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU). The GCN part captures spatial dependence among regions, while the GRU part captures the dynamic change of traffic within the region. Model verification and comparison are carried out using real taxi GPS data from Shenzhen. The experimental results show that the proposed model outperforms both the classic time series prediction model and the deep learning model at different scales.

2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (0) ◽  
pp. 42-51
Takafumi Okukubo ◽  
Yoshiaki Bando ◽  
Masaki Onishi

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (3) ◽  
pp. 851-863
M. Govindarajan ◽  
V. Chandrasekaran ◽  
S. Anitha

2022 ◽  
Vol 355 ◽  
pp. 02007
Jihong Zhao ◽  
Xiaoyuan He

Accurate prediction of network traffic is very important in allocating network resources. With the rapid development of network technology, network traffic becomes more complex and diverse. The traditional network traffic prediction model cannot accurately predict the current network traffic within the effective time. This paper proposes a Network Traffic Prediction Model----NTAM-LSTM, which based on Attention Mechanism with Long and Short Time Memory. Firstly, the model preprocesses the historical dataset of network traffic with multiple characteristics. Then the LSTM network is used to make initial prediction for the processed dataset. Finally, attention mechanism is introduced to get more accurate prediction results. Compared with other network traffic prediction models, NTAM-LSTM prediction model can achieve higher prediction accuracy and take shorter running time.

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